Chapter 217 Department of Corrections
217.412 - Autopsy required, when — reports to be maintained by department.
It shall be the duty of the department of corrections to ensure that an autopsy is performed upon all offenders within the custody of the department who die under violent or suspicious circumstances or apparent suicide to ascertain as nearly as possible the cause of death.The department shall maintain a record of the findings and conclusions of each such autopsy.
217.543 - House arrest authorized for certain prisoners — jailer to establish program — remote electronic surveillance allowed — percentage of prisoner's wage to pay cost — violation penalty — (St. Louis City).
1.The jailer of any city not within a county having custody of pretrial detainees or persons serving sentences for violation of state or local laws may establish a program of house arrest consistent with the provisions of this section.
2.Such jailer shall by rule establish a program of house arrest. Such jailer may extend the limits of confinement for pretrial detainees or persons serving sentences for violation of state or local laws.
3.The inmate or detainee shall remain an inmate of such jailer and shall be subject to the rules and regulations of the house arrest program.
4.Such jailer shall require the inmate or detainee to participate in work or educational or vocational programs and other activities that may be necessary to the supervision and treatment of the inmate or detainee.
5.An inmate or detainee released to house arrest shall be authorized to leave his or her place of residence only for the purpose and time necessary to participate in the programs and activities authorized.
6.Such jailer shall supervise every inmate or detainee released to the house arrest program and shall verify compliance with the requirements set forth for each person so released and such other rules and regulations that such jailer shall promulgate, and may do so by remote electronic surveillance.Such jailer may direct to any peace officer the return of any inmate or detainee from house arrest for violation of the conditions of release.
7.Each inmate or detainee who is released on house arrest shall pay a percentage of his or her wages to cover the costs of house arrest, such amount to be established by the jailer.
8.An inmate released to the house arrest program pursuant to this section commits the crime of escape from custody if such inmate purposely fails to return to his or her place of residence or activity as established by the jailer when he or she is required to do so.Escape from custody is a class E felony.
217.147 - Sentencing and corrections oversight commission, members, terms, duties, report, expiration date.
1.There is hereby created the "Sentencing and Corrections Oversight Commission".The commission shall be composed of thirteen members as follows:
(1)A circuit court judge to be appointed by the chief justice of the Missouri supreme court;
(2)Three members to be appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate, one of whom shall be a victim's advocate, one of whom shall be a representative from the Missouri Sheriffs' Association, and one of whom shall be a representative of the Missouri Association of Counties;
(3)The following shall be ex officio, voting members:
(a)The chair of the senate judiciary committee, or any successor committee that reviews legislation involving crime and criminal procedure, who shall serve as co-chair of the commission and the ranking minority member of such senate committee;
(b)The chair of the appropriations-public safety and corrections committee of the house of representatives, or any successor committee that reviews similar legislation, who shall serve as co-chair and the ranking minority member of such house committee;
(c)The director of the Missouri state public defender system, or his or her designee who is a practicing public defender;
(d)The executive director of the Missouri office of prosecution services, or his or her designee who is a practicing prosecutor;
(e)The director of the department of corrections, or his or her designee;
(f)The chairman of the board of probation and parole, or his or her designee;
(g)The chief justice of the Missouri supreme court, or his or her designee.
2.Beginning with the appointments made after August 28, 2012, the circuit court judge member shall be appointed for four years, two of the members appointed by the governor shall be appointed for three years, and one member appointed by the governor shall be appointed for two years.Thereafter, the members shall be appointed to serve four-year terms and shall serve until a successor is appointed.A vacancy in the office of a member shall be filled by appointment for the remainder of the unexpired term.
3.The co-chairs are responsible for establishing and enforcing attendance and voting rules, bylaws, and the frequency, location, and time of meetings, and distributing meeting notices, except that the commission's first meeting shall occur by February 28, 2013, and the commission shall meet at least twice each calendar year.
4.The duties of the commission shall include:
(1)Monitoring and assisting the implementation of sections 217.703, 217.718, and subsection 4 of section 559.036, and evaluating recidivism reductions, cost savings, and other effects resulting from the implementation;
(2)Determining ways to reinvest any cost savings to pay for the continued implementation of the sections listed in subdivision (1) of this subsection and other evidence-based practices for reducing recidivism; and
(3)Examining the issue of restitution for crime victims, including the amount ordered and collected annually, methods and costs of collection, and restitution's order of priority in official procedures and documents.
5.The department, board, and office of state courts* administrator shall collect and report any data requested by the commission in a timely fashion.
6.The commission shall issue a report to the speaker of the house of representatives, senate president pro tempore, chief justice of the Missouri supreme court, and governor on December 31, 2013, and annually thereafter, detailing the effects of the sections listed in subdivision (1) of subsection 4 and providing the data and analysis demonstrating those effects.The report may also recommend ways to reinvest any cost savings into evidence-based practices to reduce recidivism and possible changes to sentencing and corrections policies and statutes.
7.The department of corrections shall provide administrative support to the commission to carry out the duties of this section.
8.No member shall receive any compensation for the performance of official duties, but the members who are not otherwise reimbursed by their agency shall be reimbursed for travel and other expenses actually and necessarily incurred in the performance of their duties.
9.The provisions of this section shall automatically expire on August 28, 2018.
217.343 - Emancipation of certain juvenile offenders for certain purposes.
Offenders who are younger than seventeen years of age and have been adjudicated as an adult shall be emancipated for the purpose of decision making and participation in all department programs and services, including but not limited to medical care, mental health care, treatment programs, educational programs, work assignments, and rehabilitative programs.
217.043 - United States government, contract powers of department.
The department of corrections is authorized to contract with the United States or any other state to provide custody and housing within the department for offenders convicted and sentenced to a prison term.
217.280 - Firearms may be carried by designated employees — powers of arrest and apprehension.
1.Under the rules and regulations of the department, designated employees may carry firearms when necessary for the proper discharge of their duties in this state or any state.
2.Those persons authorized to act by the director shall have the same power as granted any other law enforcement officers in this state to arrest escaped offenders and apprehend all persons who may be aiding and abetting such escape as defined in section 217.390.
217.380 - Records of violations and convictions of offenders, information required — disciplinary segregation, hearing, time period.
1.When an offender is found guilty of a violation of a correctional facility rule or convicted of a felony or misdemeanor, a record of such violation or conviction shall be recorded in the offender's file and in a central record.The record shall clearly state the offense, the reporting officer's name, when and where the violation or offense was committed and the action taken by any disciplinary body or other personnel of the department.
2.An offender who has violated any published rule or regulation of the division or correctional facility relating to the conduct of offenders may, after proper hearing and upon order of the chief administrative officer or his or her designee of the correctional facility, be confined in a disciplinary segregation unit for a period not to exceed thirty days.Disciplinary segregation of more than ten days may only be given for serious conduct violations as defined by rule or regulation of the division.
3.Violation hearings under the provision of subsection 2 of this section are not contested cases under the provisions of chapter 536.Violation hearings under the provisions of subsection 2 of this section are not subject to the rules of evidence.The department may promulgate rules for violation hearings under the authority of subsection 2 of section 217.040.The conduct of and order from a violation hearing under the provisions of subsection 2 are final and unappealable.
217.180 - Annual report of division, contents.
The division directors shall submit an annual report at the request of the director of the department.Such report shall contain the information required and requested by the director.
217.080 - Department and division to maintain central office in Jefferson City.
The department and the divisions within the department shall maintain their central office in Jefferson City.The central office of a division shall not be located on the site of a correctional facility.
217.480 - Uniformity of construction.
Sections 217.450 to 217.485 shall be so construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law of those states which enact it.
217.567 - Director may contract with private entities for employment of inmates — leasing of correctional facility property — wages, director to set policies.
1.Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law to the contrary, the director is hereby authorized to contract with a private individual, corporation, partnership or other lawful entity for inmate work or vocational training projects involving the manufacture and processing of goods, wares or merchandise, or any service-related business or commercial enterprise deemed by the director to be consistent with the proper employment, training and rehabilitation of offenders.
2.Any contract authorized by this section shall be in compliance with federal law, shall be competitively negotiated by the department and the private entity, shall not result in the displacement of civilian workers employed in the community or state, and shall be subject to the approval of the advisory board of vocational enterprises program created pursuant to section 217.555.
3.The director may lease space in one or more buildings or portions of buildings on the grounds of any correctional center, together with the real estate needed for reasonable access to and egress from the leased premises to a private individual, corporation, partnership or other lawful entity for the purpose of establishing and operating a business enterprise.The enterprise shall at all times observe practices and procedures regarding security as the lease may specify or as the correctional center superintendent may temporarily stipulate during periods of emergency.The enterprise shall be deemed a private enterprise and is subject to all federal and state laws governing the operation of similar private business enterprises as specified by the authorized contract.
4.Subject to the approval of the director and upon such terms as may be prescribed, any lessee operating such an enterprise may employ and discharge from employment selected offenders of the correctional center where the enterprise is operated or from other correctional centers in close proximity.Offenders assigned to such an enterprise are subject to all departmental and divisional rules in addition to rules and regulations promulgated by the authorized contractor.Offenders assigned to such an enterprise for employment purposes shall be required to pay a percentage of their wages as established by the director of not less than five percent nor more than twenty percent of gross wages to the crime victims' compensation fund, section 595.045.
5.The director shall establish policies and procedures for determining the specific wages paid, workers' compensation benefits and deductions from wages to include room and board; federal, state and Social Security taxes; and family support.All deductions must not total more than eighty percent of gross wages.Provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act shall apply to contractual offender workers.
217.580 - Catalog of products furnished public officers — institutions to report estimates of needs.
1.The department shall develop a program to promote the products and services available from the vocational enterprises program.
2.Once every year, the vocational enterprises program shall issue a descriptive list of the styles, designs, qualities and types of goods, materials or services available for the ensuing year.
3.On July first of each year the proper officers of the state and of the divisions, agencies and institutions and political subdivisions of the state shall report to the vocational enterprises program estimates for the ensuing year of the amount of supplies of different kinds or the types of services required to be purchased by them that can or may be furnished by the vocational enterprises program.
217.680 - Offices, where located — space in correctional centers to be provided for hearings and interviews.
1.The office and headquarters of the board shall not be located on the site of any correctional center.
2.Correctional centers shall provide to the board and its employees suitable space for interviews and hearings with offenders in the administration buildings of the correctional center.
217.390 - Escape, defined — penalty.
An offender absenting himself without leave from any person in charge of his supervision, or from any work assignment, educational release program or job outside of the correctional center, or from any halfway house or correctional facility operated by another political subdivision to which he has been assigned, or who willfully fails to return to such place at the appointed time after having been permitted to leave, shall be deemed on "escape" status.He shall be reported by the division to the appropriate law enforcement officer and upon conviction shall be sentenced for escape as provided in section 575.210. Inadvertent releases shall be rectified by an issuance of a warrant by the director.
217.090 - Lease of buildings on grounds of correctional centers, when — compatibility with services of department required — procedure — bids required — cost — terms of lease — how executed.
1.The director of the department may grant the use of any building or grounds of any of its correctional centers to governmental, private or not-for-profit activities as long as the activities are compatible with the services of the department.
2.The director of the department shall notify the commissioner of administration who may lease such buildings or grounds pursuant to public bid to governmental, private or not-for-profit entities.
3.The department shall charge such entity at a minimum for the costs of utilities and services it furnishes to the lessee of any building.
4.The term of the lease shall be for one year or less, and the lease may contain an option for one-year renewals of the lease if both parties agree.The lease shall include conditions that the lessee shall use and maintain the land and building for uses compatible with the services of the department.The lease shall by its terms protect the state from liability for damages occurring in the building.
5.The director of the department shall sign the lease on behalf of the state.
217.590 - Violations of sections 217.575 and 217.580, penalty.
Any person who knowingly refuses or neglects to comply with the provisions of sections 217.575 and 217.580 shall, upon conviction, be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
217.490 - Agreement on detainers adopted — compact text.
The "Agreement on Detainers" is hereby enacted into law and entered into with all jurisdictions legally joining therein, in the form substantially as follows:
AGREEMENT ON DETAINERS
The party states find that charges outstanding against a prisoner, detainers based on untried indictments, informations or complaints, and difficulties in securing speedy trial of persons already incarcerated in other jurisdictions, produce uncertainties which obstruct programs of prisoner treatment and rehabilitation.Accordingly, it is the policy of the party states and the purpose of this agreement to encourage the expeditious and orderly disposition of such charges and determination of the proper status of any and all detainers based on untried indictments, informations or complaints.The party states also find that proceedings with reference to such charges and detainers, when emanating from another jurisdiction, cannot properly be had in the absence of cooperative procedures.It is the further purpose of this agreement to provide such cooperative procedures.
As used in this agreement:
1."State" means a state of the United States; the United States of America; a territory or possession of the United States; the District of Columbia; the commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
2."Sending state" means a state in which a prisoner is incarcerated at the time that he initiates a request for final disposition pursuant to article III of this agreement or at the time that a request for custody or availability is initiated pursuant to article IV hereof.
3."Receiving state" means the state in which trial is to be had on an indictment, information or complaint pursuant to article III or article IV of this agreement.
1.Whenever a person has entered upon a term of imprisonment in a penal or correctional institution of a party state, and whenever during the continuance of the term of imprisonment there is pending in any other party state any untried indictment, information or complaint on the basis of which a detainer has been lodged against the prisoner, he shall be brought to trial within one hundred eighty days after he shall have caused to be delivered to the prosecuting officer and the appropriate court of the prosecuting officer's jurisdiction written notice of the place of his imprisonment and his request for a final disposition to be made of the indictment, information or complaint; provided that for good cause shown in open court, the prisoner or his counsel being present, the court having jurisdiction of the matter may grant any necessary or reasonable continuance.The request of the prisoner shall be accompanied by a certificate of the appropriate official having custody of the prisoner, stating the term of commitment under which the prisoner is being held, the time already served, the time remaining to be served on the sentence, the amount of good time earned, the time of parole eligibility of the prisoner, and any decisions of the state parole agency relating to the prisoner.
2.The written notice and request for final disposition referred to in paragraph 1 of this article shall be given or sent by the prisoner to the warden, director of the division of adult institutions or other official having custody of him, who shall promptly forward it together with the certificate to the appropriate prosecuting official and court by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested.
3.The warden, director of the division of adult institutions or other official having custody of the prisoner shall promptly inform him of the source and contents of any detainer lodged against him and shall also inform him of his right to make a request for final disposition of the indictment, information or complaint on which the detainer is based.
4.Any request for final disposition made by a prisoner pursuant to paragraph 1 of this article shall operate as a request for final disposition of all untried indictments, informations or complaints on the basis of which detainers have been lodged against the prisoner from the state to whose prosecuting official the request for final disposition is specifically directed.The warden, director of the division of adult institutions or other official having custody of the prisoner shall forthwith notify all appropriate prosecuting officers and courts in the several jurisdictions within the state to which the prisoner's request for final disposition is being sent of the proceeding being initiated by the prisoner.Any notification sent pursuant to this paragraph shall be accompanied by copies of the prisoner's written notice, request, and the certificate.If trial is not had on any indictment, information or complaint contemplated hereby prior to the return of the prisoner to the original place of imprisonment, such indictment, information or complaint shall not be of any further force or effect, and the court shall enter an order dismissing the same with prejudice.
5.Any request for final disposition made by a prisoner pursuant to paragraph 1 of this article shall also be deemed to be a waiver of extradition with respect to any charge or proceeding contemplated thereby or included therein by reason of paragraph 4 of this article, and a waiver of extradition to the receiving state to serve any sentence there imposed upon him, after completion of his term of imprisonment in the sending state.The request for final disposition shall also constitute a consent by the prisoner to the production of his body in any court where his presence may be required in order to effectuate the purposes of this agreement and a further consent voluntarily to be returned to the original place of imprisonment in accordance with the provisions of this agreement.Nothing in this paragraph shall prevent the imposition of a concurrent sentence if otherwise permitted by law.
6.Escape from custody by the prisoner subsequent to his execution of the request for final disposition referred to in paragraph 1 of this article shall void the request.
1.The appropriate officers of the jurisdiction in which an untried indictment, information or complaint is pending shall be entitled to have a prisoner against whom he has lodged a detainer and who is serving a term of imprisonment in any party state made available in accordance with paragraph 1 of article V of this agreement upon presentation of a written request for temporary custody or availability to the appropriate authorities of the state in which the prisoner is incarcerated; provided that the court having jurisdiction of the indictment, information or complaint shall have duly approved, recorded and transmitted the request; and provided further that there shall be a period of thirty days after receipt by the appropriate authorities before the request be honored, within which period the governor of the sending state may disapprove the request for temporary custody or availability, either upon his own motion or upon motion of the prisoner.
2.Upon receipt of the officer's written request as provided in paragraph 1 of this article, the appropriate authorities having the prisoner in custody shall furnish the officer with a certificate stating the term of commitment under which the prisoner is being held, the time already served, the time remaining to be served on the sentence, the amount of good time earned, the time of parole eligibility of the prisoner, and any decisions of the state parole agency relating to the prisoner.The authorities simultaneously shall furnish all other officers and appropriate courts in the receiving state who have lodged detainers against the prisoner with similar certificates and with notices informing them of the request for custody or availability and of the reasons therefor.
3.In respect of any proceeding made possible by this article, trial shall be commenced within one hundred twenty days of the arrival of the prisoner in the receiving state, but for good cause shown in open court, the prisoner or his counsel being present, the court having jurisdiction of the matter may grant any necessary or reasonable continuance.
4.Nothing contained in this article shall be construed to deprive any prisoner of any right which he may have to contest the legality of his delivery as provided in paragraph 1 of this article, but such delivery may not be opposed or denied on the ground that the executive authority of the sending state has not affirmatively consented to or ordered such delivery.
5.If trial is not had on any indictment, information or complaint contemplated hereby prior to the prisoner's being returned to the original place of imprisonment pursuant to paragraph 5 of article V of this agreement, such indictment, information or complaint shall not be of any further force or effect, and the court shall enter an order dismissing the same with prejudice.
1.In response to a request made under article III or article IV of this agreement, the appropriate authority in a sending state shall offer to deliver temporary custody of the prisoner to the appropriate authority in the state where the indictment, information or complaint is pending against the person in order that speedy and efficient prosecution may be had.If the request for final disposition is made by the prisoner, the offer of temporary custody shall accompany the written notice provided for in article III of this agreement.In the case of a federal prisoner, the appropriate authority in the receiving state shall be entitled to temporary custody as provided by this agreement or to the prisoner's presence in federal custody at the place for trial, whichever custodial arrangement may be approved by the custodian.
2.The officer or other representative of a state accepting an offer of temporary custody shall present the following upon demand:
(1)Proper identification and evidence of his authority to act for the state into whose temporary custody the prisoner is to be given; and
(2)A duly certified copy of the indictment, information or complaint on the basis of which the detainer has been lodged and on the basis of which the request for temporary custody of the prisoner has been made.
3.If the appropriate authority shall refuse or fail to accept temporary custody of the person, or in the event that an action on the indictment, information or complaint on the basis of which the detainer has been lodged is not brought to trial within the period provided in article III or article IV of this agreement, the appropriate court of the jurisdiction where the indictment, information or complaint has been pending shall enter an order dismissing the same with prejudice, and any detainer based thereon shall cease to be of any force or effect.
4.The temporary custody referred to in this agreement shall be only for the purpose of permitting prosecution on the charge or charges contained in one or more untried indictments, informations, or complaints which form the basis of the detainer or detainers or for prosecution on any other charge or charges arising out of the same transaction.Except for his attendance at court and while being transported to or from any place at which his presence may be required, the prisoner shall be held in a suitable jail or other facility regularly used for persons awaiting prosecution.
5.At the earliest practicable time consonant with the purposes of this agreement, the prisoner shall be returned to the sending state.
6.During the continuance of temporary custody or while the prisoner is otherwise being made available for trial as required by this agreement, time being served on the sentence shall continue to run but good time shall be earned by the prisoner only if, and to the extent that, the law and practice of the jurisdiction which imposed the sentence may allow.
7.For all purposes other than that for which temporary custody as provided in this agreement is exercised, the prisoner shall be deemed to remain in the custody of and subject to the jurisdiction of the sending state and any escape from temporary custody may be dealt with in the same manner as an escape from the original place of imprisonment or in any other manner permitted by law.
8.From the time that a party state receives custody of a prisoner pursuant to this agreement until such prisoner is returned to the territory and custody of the sending state, the state in which the one or more untried indictments, informations or complaints are pending or in which trial is being had shall be responsible for the prisoner and shall also pay all costs of transporting, caring for, keeping and returning the prisoner.The provisions of this paragraph shall govern unless the states concerned shall have entered into a supplementary agreement providing for a different allocation of costs and responsibilities as between or among themselves.Nothing herein contained shall be construed to alter or affect any internal relationship among the departments, agencies and officers of and in the government of a party state, or between a party state and its subdivisions, as to the payment of costs, or responsibilities therefor.
1.In determining the duration and expiration dates of the time periods provided in articles III and IV of this agreement, the running of the time periods shall be tolled whenever and for as long as the prisoner is unable to stand trial, as determined by the court having jurisdiction of the matter.
2.No provisions of this agreement, and no remedy made available by this agreement, shall apply to any person who is adjudged to be mentally ill.
Each state party to this agreement shall designate an officer who, acting jointly with like officers of other party states, shall promulgate rules and regulations to carry out more effectively the terms and provisions of this agreement, and who shall provide, within and without the state, information necessary to the effective operation of this agreement.
This agreement shall enter into full force and effect as to a party state when such state has enacted the same into law.A state party to this agreement may withdraw herefrom by enacting a statute repealing the same.However, the withdrawal of any state shall not affect the status of any proceedings already initiated by inmates or by state officers at the time such withdrawal takes effect, nor shall it affect their rights in respect thereof.
This agreement shall be liberally construed so as to effectuate its purposes.The provisions of this agreement shall be severable and if any phrase, clause, sentence or provision of this agreement is declared to be contrary to the constitution of any party state or of the United States or the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of this agreement and the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstance shall not be affected thereby.If this agreement shall be held contrary to the constitution of any state party hereto, the agreement shall remain in full force and effect as to the remaining states and in full force and effect as to the state affected as to all severable matters.
217.690 - Board may order release or parole — assessment, personal hearing — fee — rules — minimum term for eligibility for parole, how calculated — first degree murder, eligibility for hearing — hearing procedure — notice — special conditions — education requirements, exceptions — rulemaking authority.
1.All releases or paroles shall issue upon order of the board, duly adopted.
2.Before ordering the parole of any offender, the board shall conduct a validated risk and needs assessment and evaluate the case under the rules governing parole that are promulgated by the board.The board shall then have the offender appear before a hearing panel and shall conduct a personal interview with him, unless waived by the offender, or if the guidelines indicate the offender may be paroled without need for an interview.The guidelines and rules shall not allow for the waiver of a hearing if a victim requests a hearing.The appearance or presence may occur by means of a videoconference at the discretion of the board.A parole may be ordered for the best interest of society when there is a reasonable probability, based on the risk assessment and indicators of release readiness, that the person can be supervised under parole supervision and successfully reintegrated into the community, not as an award of clemency; it shall not be considered a reduction of sentence or a pardon.Every offender while on parole shall remain in the legal custody of the department but shall be subject to the orders of the board.
3.The division of probation and parole has discretionary authority to require the payment of a fee, not to exceed sixty dollars per month, from every offender placed under division supervision on probation, parole, or conditional release, to waive all or part of any fee, to sanction offenders for willful nonpayment of fees, and to contract with a private entity for fee collections services.All fees collected shall be deposited in the inmate fund established in section 217.430.Fees collected may be used to pay the costs of contracted collections services.The fees collected may otherwise be used to provide community corrections and intervention services for offenders.Such services include substance abuse assessment and treatment, mental health assessment and treatment, electronic monitoring services, residential facilities services, employment placement services, and other offender community corrections or intervention services designated by the division of probation and parole to assist offenders to successfully complete probation, parole, or conditional release.The board shall adopt rules not inconsistent with law, in accordance with section 217.040, with respect to sanctioning offenders and with respect to establishing, waiving, collecting, and using fees.
4.The board shall adopt rules not inconsistent with law, in accordance with section 217.040, with respect to the eligibility of offenders for parole, the conduct of parole hearings or conditions to be imposed upon paroled offenders.Whenever an order for parole is issued it shall recite the conditions of such parole.
5.When considering parole for an offender with consecutive sentences, the minimum term for eligibility for parole shall be calculated by adding the minimum terms for parole eligibility for each of the consecutive sentences, except the minimum term for parole eligibility shall not exceed the minimum term for parole eligibility for an ordinary life sentence.
6.Any offender under a sentence for first degree murder who has been denied release on parole after a parole hearing shall not be eligible for another parole hearing until at least three years from the month of the parole denial; however, this subsection shall not prevent a release pursuant to subsection 4 of section 558.011.
7.A victim who has requested an opportunity to be heard shall receive notice that the board is conducting an assessment of the offender's risk and readiness for release and that the victim's input will be particularly helpful when it pertains to safety concerns and specific protective measures that may be beneficial to the victim should the offender be granted release.
8.Parole hearings shall, at a minimum, contain the following procedures:
(1)The victim or person representing the victim who attends a hearing may be accompanied by one other person;
(2)The victim or person representing the victim who attends a hearing shall have the option of giving testimony in the presence of the inmate or to the hearing panel without the inmate being present;
(3)The victim or person representing the victim may call or write the parole board rather than attend the hearing;
(4)The victim or person representing the victim may have a personal meeting with a board member at the board's central office;
(5)The judge, prosecuting attorney or circuit attorney and a representative of the local law enforcement agency investigating the crime shall be allowed to attend the hearing or provide information to the hearing panel in regard to the parole consideration; and
(6)The board shall evaluate information listed in the juvenile sex offender registry pursuant to section 211.425, provided the offender is between the ages of seventeen and twenty-one, as it impacts the safety of the community.
9.The board shall notify any person of the results of a parole eligibility hearing if the person indicates to the board a desire to be notified.
10.The board may, at its discretion, require any offender seeking parole to meet certain conditions during the term of that parole so long as said conditions are not illegal or impossible for the offender to perform.These conditions may include an amount of restitution to the state for the cost of that offender's incarceration.
11.Special parole conditions shall be responsive to the assessed risk and needs of the offender or the need for extraordinary supervision, such as electronic monitoring.The board shall adopt rules to minimize the conditions placed on low-risk cases, to frontload conditions upon release, and to require the modification and reduction of conditions based on the person's continuing stability in the community.Board rules shall permit parole conditions to be modified by parole officers with review and approval by supervisors.
12.Nothing contained in this section shall be construed to require the release of an offender on parole nor to reduce the sentence of an offender heretofore committed.
13.Beginning January 1, 2001, the board shall not order a parole unless the offender has obtained a high school diploma or its equivalent, or unless the board is satisfied that the offender, while committed to the custody of the department, has made an honest good-faith effort to obtain a high school diploma or its equivalent; provided that the director may waive this requirement by certifying in writing to the board that the offender has actively participated in mandatory education programs or is academically unable to obtain a high school diploma or its equivalent.
14.Any rule or portion of a rule, as that term is defined in section 536.010, that is created under the authority delegated in this section shall become effective only if it complies with and is subject to all of the provisions of chapter 536 and, if applicable, section 536.028.This section and chapter 536 are nonseverable and if any of the powers vested with the general assembly pursuant to chapter 536 to review, to delay the effective date, or to disapprove and annul a rule are subsequently held unconstitutional, then the grant of rulemaking authority and any rule proposed or adopted after August 28, 2005, shall be invalid and void.
217.777 - Community corrections program alternative for eligible offenders, purpose — operation — rules.
1.The department shall administer a community corrections program to encourage the establishment of local sentencing alternatives for offenders to:
(1)Promote accountability of offenders to crime victims, local communities and the state by providing increased opportunities for offenders to make restitution to victims of crime through financial reimbursement or community service;
(2)Ensure that victims of crime are included in meaningful ways in Missouri's response to crime;
(3)Provide structured opportunities for local communities to determine effective local sentencing options to assure that individual community programs are specifically designed to meet local needs;
(4)Reduce the cost of punishment, supervision and treatment significantly below the annual per-offender cost of confinement within the traditional prison system;
(5)Utilize community supervision centers to effectively respond to violations and prevent revocations; and
(6)Improve public confidence in the criminal justice system by involving the public in the development of community-based sentencing options for eligible offenders.
2.The program shall be designed to implement and operate community-based restorative justice projects including, but not limited to: preventive or diversionary programs, community-based intensive probation and parole services, community-based treatment centers, day reporting centers, and the operation of facilities for the detention, confinement, care and treatment of adults under the purview of this chapter.
4.Any proposed program or strategy created pursuant to this section shall be developed after identification of a need in the community for such programs, through consultation with representatives of the general public, judiciary, law enforcement and defense and prosecution bar.
5.In communities where local volunteer community boards are established at the request of the court, the following guidelines apply:
(1)The department shall provide a program of training to eligible volunteers and develop specific conditions of a probation program and conditions of probation for offenders referred to it by the court.Such conditions, as established by the community boards and the department, may include compensation and restitution to the community and the victim by fines, fees, day fines, victim-offender mediation, participation in victim impact panels, community service, or a combination of the aforementioned conditions;
(2)The term of probation shall not exceed five years and may be concluded by the court when conditions imposed are met to the satisfaction of the local volunteer community board.
6.The department may staff programs created pursuant to this section with employees of the department or may contract with other public or private agencies for delivery of services as otherwise provided by law.
217.722 - Probation officers, power to arrest, when — preliminary hearing allowed, when — notice to sentencing court.
1.If any probation officer has probable cause to believe that the person on probation has violated a condition of probation, the probation officer may issue a warrant for the arrest of the person on probation.The officer may effect the arrest or may deputize any other officer with the power of arrest to do so by giving the officer a copy of the warrant which will outline the circumstances of the alleged violation and contain the statement that the person on probation has, in the judgment of the probation officer, violated the conditions of probation.The warrant delivered with the offender by the arresting officer to the official in charge of any jail or other detention facility shall be sufficient authority for detaining the person on probation pending a preliminary hearing on the alleged violation.Other provisions of law relating to release on bail of persons charged with criminal offenses shall be applicable to persons detained on alleged probation violations.
2.Any person on probation arrested under the authority granted in subsection 1 of this section shall have the right to a preliminary hearing on the violation charged as long as the person on probation remains in custody or unless the offender waives such hearing.The person on probation shall be notified immediately in writing of the alleged probation violation.If arrested in the jurisdiction of the sentencing court, and the court which placed the person on probation is immediately available, the preliminary hearing shall be heard by the sentencing court.Otherwise, the person on probation shall be taken before a judge or associate circuit judge in the county of the alleged violation or arrest having original jurisdiction to try criminal offenses or before an impartial member of the staff of the division of probation and parole, and the preliminary hearing shall be held as soon as possible after the arrest.Such preliminary hearings shall be conducted as provided by rule of court or by rules of the parole board.If it appears that there is probable cause to believe that the person on probation has violated a condition of probation, or if the person on probation waives the preliminary hearing, the judge or associate circuit judge, or member of the staff of the division of probation and parole shall order the person on probation held for further proceedings in the sentencing court.If probable cause is not found, the court shall not be barred from holding a hearing on the question of the alleged violation of a condition of probation nor from ordering the person on probation to be present at such a hearing.
3.Upon such arrest and detention, the probation officer shall immediately notify the sentencing court and shall submit to the court a written report showing in what manner the person on probation has violated the conditions of probation.Thereupon, or upon arrest by warrant, the court shall cause the person on probation to be brought before it without unnecessary delay for a hearing on the violation charged.Revocation hearings shall be conducted as provided by rule of court.
217.022 - Prison impact statements, required, when.
1.The fiscal note of any legislation introduced into either house of the general assembly that would affect the number of persons supervised by the Missouri department of corrections or affect any program or service provided by the department shall be accompanied by a prison impact statement, as defined in subsection 2 of this section.
2. The department of corrections shall, in consultation with the oversight division of the committee on legislative research, prepare and furnish prison impact statements.Such impact statement shall be provided to the legislative committee to which such bill is assigned prior to holding the public hearing on the pending bill, and to all members of the general assembly prior to perfection of pending bill.A prison impact statement shall include:
(1)Projections of the impact on prison, probation and parole populations;
(2)An estimate of the fiscal impact of such populations, including the need for construction and the operation of correctional centers for the current fiscal year and up to ten succeeding fiscal years;
(3)An analysis of any other significant factors affecting the cost of the measure and its impact on the operations of components of the criminal justice system; and
(4)A statement of the assumptions and the methodologies utilized in preparing the statement.
217.395 - Escapee's apprehension — reward may be offered, limitations.
Whenever an offender escapes, the division director shall take all proper measures for the apprehension of the offender and may pay a reward for his apprehension and delivery.The reward shall not exceed five hundred dollars and shall not apply to law enforcement officers or employees of the department.
217.827 - Definitions.
As used in sections 217.825 to 217.841, the following terms shall mean:
(1)(a) "Assets", property, tangible or intangible, real or personal, belonging to or due an offender or a former offender, including income or payments to such offender from Social Security, workers' compensation, veterans' compensation, pension benefits, previously earned salary or wages, bonuses, annuities, retirement benefits, or from any other source whatsoever, including any of the following:
a.Money or other tangible assets received by the offender as a result of a settlement of a claim against the state, any agency thereof, or any claim against an employee or independent contractor arising from and in the scope of said employee's or contractor's official duties on behalf of the state or any agency thereof;
b.A money judgment received by the offender from the state as a result of a civil action in which the state, an agency thereof or any state employee or independent contractor where such judgment arose from a claim arising from the conduct of official duties on behalf of the state by said employee or subcontractor or for any agency of the state;
c.A current stream of income from any source whatsoever, including a salary, wages, disability, retirement, pension, insurance or annuity benefits or similar payments;
(b)"Assets" shall not include:
a.The homestead of the offender up to fifty thousand dollars in value;
b.Money saved by the offender from wages and bonuses up to two thousand five hundred dollars paid the offender while he or she was confined to a state correctional center;
(2)"Cost of care", the cost to the department of corrections for providing transportation, room, board, clothing, security, medical, and other normal living expenses of offenders under the jurisdiction of the department, as determined by the director of the department;
(3)"Department", the department of corrections of this state;
(4)"Director", the director of the department;
(5)"Offender", any person who is under the jurisdiction of the department and is confined in any state correctional center or is under the continuing jurisdiction of the department;
(6)"State correctional center", a facility or institution which houses an offender population under the jurisdiction of the department.State correctional center includes a correctional camp, community correction center, honor center, or state prison.
217.095 - Condemnation powers, when, procedure.
When it becomes necessary for the department to take or appropriate any lands of persons or corporations for the use of a correctional center, and the owners of the property cannot agree with the department upon the proper compensation to be paid, or in case the owner is incapable of contracting, unknown, or a nonresident of the state, then such property may be taken by and through and upon the application of the department in the same manner that is provided for in chapter 523.
217.195 - Canteen to be established, revenues how spent — inmate canteen fund established, purpose, not to go into general revenue.
1.With the approval of his division director, the chief administrative officer of any correctional center operated by the division may establish and operate a canteen or commissary for the use and benefit of the offenders.
2.Each correctional center shall keep revenues received from the canteen or commissary established and operated by the correctional center in a separate account.The acquisition cost of goods sold and other expenses shall be paid from this account.A minimum amount of money necessary to meet cash flow needs and current operating expenses may be kept in this account.The remaining funds from sales of each commissary or canteen shall be deposited monthly in a special fund to be known as the "Inmate Canteen Fund" which is hereby created and shall be expended by the appropriate division, for the benefit of the offenders in the improvement of recreational, religious, or educational services.The provisions of section 33.080 to the contrary notwithstanding, the money in the inmate canteen fund shall be retained for the purposes specified in this section and shall not revert or be transferred to general revenue.The department shall keep accurate records of the source of money deposited in the inmate canteen fund and shall allocate appropriations from the fund to the appropriate correctional center.
217.595 - Working capital revolving fund created — source, uses — accounting, audit — transfer to general revenue prohibited.
1.Receipts from the vocational enterprises program shall be paid into the state treasury and credited to the "Working Capital Revolving Fund", which is hereby created.
2.All funds derived from the disposal of plants and machinery in accordance with chapters 217 and 558 shall be deposited to the credit of the working capital revolving fund.
3.The working capital revolving fund shall be used for the establishment, maintenance, rehabilitation, expansion and operation of the vocational enterprises programs, and expenditures from the fund shall be used for, but not limited to:
(1)The purchase of machinery, equipment, raw materials, seed, fertilizer and farm animals;
(2)The repair, improvement and replacement of buildings, machinery and equipment;
(3)Payment for offender labor;
(4)Necessary expenses included in operation and administration;
(5)Necessary expenses for vocational training.
4.Vocational enterprises shall be accounted for on an accrual basis as an enterprise fund.Financial reports shall be rendered to the director as he may require.
5.None of the earnings of the vocational enterprises program shall be transferred to the general revenue fund of the state at the end of each fiscal year.All of the earnings shall be retained by the working capital revolving fund and the vocational enterprises program, to obtain new equipment, material and real property for expansion and maintenance of the enterprises' programs with a goal that all general population offenders shall learn a skill or service and are employed.Should a net loss occur, such loss shall be charged against the working capital revolving fund.
6.The state auditor shall audit the working capital revolving fund at the end of each fiscal year and report his findings to the director, the governor and the general assembly.
7.Effective August 28, 1994, the vocational education and training fund shall be dissolved and all funds credited to it shall be transferred to the working capital revolving fund.
217.495 - Appropriate court defined.
The phrase "appropriate court" as used in the agreement on detainers shall, with reference to the courts of this state, mean the state supreme court, the state court of appeals, and the state circuit courts except the probate or municipal divisions thereof.
217.695 - Release from custody under supervision of probation and parole, registration with law enforcement officials required.
1.As used in this section, the following terms mean:
(1)"Chief law enforcement official", the county sheriff, chief of police or other public official responsible for enforcement of criminal laws within a county or city not within a county;
(2)"County" includes a city not within a county;
(3)"Offender", a person in the custody of the department or under the supervision of the board.
2.Each offender to be released from custody of the department who will be under the supervision of the board, except an offender transferred to another state pursuant to the interstate corrections compact, shall shortly before release be required to: complete a registration form indicating his intended address upon release, employer, parent's address, and such other information as may be required; submit to photographs; submit to fingerprints; or undergo other identification procedures including but not limited to hair samples or other identification indicia.All data and indicia of identification shall be compiled in duplicate, with one set to be retained by the department, and one set for the chief law enforcement official of the county of intended residence.
3.Any offender subject to the provisions of this section who changes his county of residence shall, in addition to notifying the board of probation and parole, notify and register with the chief law enforcement official of the county of residence within seven days after he changes his residence to that county.
4.Failure by an offender to register with the chief law enforcement official upon a change in the county of his residence shall be cause for revocation of the parole of the person except for good cause shown.
5.The department, the board, and the chief law enforcement official shall cause the information collected on the initial registration and any subsequent changes in residence or registration to be recorded with the highway patrol criminal information system.
6.The director of the department of public safety shall design and distribute the registration forms required by this section and shall provide any administrative assistance needed to facilitate the provisions of this section.
217.437 - Work by offenders, not employment, when — benefitting entity immune from suit, exceptions.
Performance of free work or work compensated at less than minimum wage for a public or charitable purpose, by any person under the supervision of the department of corrections, shall not be deemed employment within the meaning of the provisions of chapter 288.Any county, city, person, organization, or agency charged with the supervision of such free work or who benefits from its performance shall be immune from any suit by the offender or any person deriving a cause of action from him if such cause of action arises from such supervision or performance, except for negligence or an intentional tort.
217.337 - Schedule of activities, work, and program, adherence to, exemption.
1.All general population offenders shall be expected to adhere to a schedule of activities of work and rehabilitative programs as prescribed for the offender by the department.This schedule of activities may include, but shall not be limited to:
(1)Academic education programs;
(2)Vocational training programs;
(3)Treatment programs; and
2.An offender may be excused from adhering to the required schedule of activities assigned to him if a reason can be established by the offender and validated by the chief administrative officer of the correctional center to which the offender is assigned.
217.137 - Prisoner transfers by United States treaty with foreign governments — governor's powers — director's duties.
If a treaty in effect between the United States and a foreign country provides for the transfer or exchange of convicted offenders to the country of which they are citizens or nationals, the governor may, on behalf of the state and subject to the terms of the treaty, authorize the director of the department to consent to the transfer or exchange of offenders and take any other action necessary to initiate the participation of this state in the treaty.
217.262 - Frivolous lawsuits, false testimony, abuse of judicial system by offender — sanctions.
1.An additional sixty days shall be added to the time that an offender is first eligible for parole consideration hearing or a sum of up to fifty percent of the average balance of the offender's account for any portion of the preceding twelve months during which the offender's account had a positive balance, shall be deducted from an offender's account for each instance that a court finds that the offender has done any of the following while in the custody of the department:
(1)Filed a false, frivolous or malicious action or claim with the court;
(2)Brought an action or claim with the court solely or primarily for delay or harassment;
(3)Unreasonably expanded or delayed a judicial proceeding;
(4)Testified falsely or otherwise submitted false evidence or information to the court;
(5)Attempted to create or obtain a false affidavit, testimony, or evidence; or
(6)Abused the discovery process in any judicial action or proceeding.
2.The department of corrections may promulgate rules in accordance with section 217.040 providing that the conduct described in subdivisions (1) to (6) of subsection 1 of this section shall be a conduct violation and subject an offender to discipline.
3.The maximum term of imprisonment of an offender as imposed by the sentencing court shall not be extended by the provisions of subsection 1 of this section.
4.In no instance shall the balance of an offender's account be reduced to an amount less than ten dollars pursuant to this section.The amount due pursuant to subsection 1 of this section may be deducted from any compensation payable or later paid to the offender, or from any other property belonging to the offender in the custody and control of the department.
217.285 - Clothing, money, transportation, return of personal property to discharged or paroled prisoners — exception.
Each offender paroled or discharged from the department may, depending on need, be furnished appropriate civilian clothing and up to two hundred dollars.Any other money and property belonging to the offender which has been in the custody and control of the department and which the offender was authorized to retain shall be returned to him, except for any money or property confiscated as contraband pursuant to section 217.365.
217.837 - Legal remedies authorized to protect assets of prisoner — execution against homestead of prisoner prohibited — state's claim to have priority.
1.Except as provided in subsection 3 of this section, the attorney general may use any remedy, interim order, or enforcement procedure allowed by law or court rule including an ex parte restraining order to restrain the prisoner or any other person or legal entity in possession or having custody of the estate of the prisoner from disposing of certain property in avoidance of an order issued pursuant to the provisions of section 217.835.
2.To protect and maintain assets pending resolution of proceedings initiated pursuant to the provisions of section 217.835, the court, upon request, may appoint a receiver.
3.The attorney general or a prosecuting attorney shall not enforce any judgment obtained pursuant to the provisions of section 217.835 by means of execution against the homestead of the prisoner.
4.The state's right to recover the cost of incarceration pursuant to an order issued pursuant to the provisions of section 217.835 shall have priority over all other liens, debts, or other incumbrances against real property or any other assets which are part of a prisoner's estate.
217.385 - Violence or injury to others or property by offender, penalty.
1.No offender shall knowingly commit violence to an employee of the department or to another offender housed in a department correctional center.Violation of this subsection shall be a class B felony.
2.No offender shall knowingly damage any building or other property owned or operated by the department.Violation of this subsection shall be a class D felony.
217.362 - Program for offenders with substance abuse addiction — eligibility, disposition, placement — completion, effect.
1.The department of corrections shall design and implement an intensive long-term program for the treatment of chronic nonviolent offenders with serious substance abuse addictions who have not pleaded guilty to or been convicted of a dangerous felony as defined in section 556.061.
2.Prior to sentencing, any judge considering an offender for this program shall notify the department.The potential candidate for the program shall be screened by the department to determine eligibility.The department shall, by regulation, establish eligibility criteria and inform the court of such criteria.The department shall notify the court as to the offender's eligibility and the availability of space in the program.Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, except as provided for in section 558.019, if an offender is eligible and there is adequate space, the court may sentence a person to the program which shall consist of institutional drug or alcohol treatment for a period of at least twelve and no more than twenty-four months, as well as a term of incarceration.The department shall determine the nature, intensity, duration, and completion criteria of the education, treatment, and aftercare portions of any program services provided.Execution of the offender's term of incarceration shall be suspended pending completion of said program.Allocation of space in the program may be distributed by the department in proportion to drug arrest patterns in the state.If the court is advised that an offender is not eligible or that there is no space available, the court shall consider other authorized dispositions.
3.Upon successful completion of the program, the board of probation and parole shall advise the sentencing court of an offender's probationary release date thirty days prior to release.If the court determines that probation is not appropriate the court may order the execution of the offender's sentence.
4.If it is determined by the department that the offender has not successfully completed the program, or that the offender is not cooperatively participating in the program, the offender shall be removed from the program and the court shall be advised.Failure of an offender to complete the program shall cause the offender to serve the sentence prescribed by the court and void the right to be considered for probation on this sentence.
5.An offender's first incarceration in a department of corrections program pursuant to this section prior to release on probation shall not be considered a previous prison commitment for the purpose of determining a minimum prison term pursuant to the provisions of section 558.019.
217.185 - Reports by chief administrative officers, monthly, to division director, contents.
The chief administrative officer of each correctional center shall make monthly reports to the appropriate division director of the previous month's activities, which shall include:
(1)A report of all admissions to and discharges from his correctional center;
(2)A report of all assaults, deaths and escapes from his correctional center;
(3)A report of all complaints filed with the chief administrative officer of the correctional center; and
(4)Any other information requested by the division director.
217.485 - Title of the law.
Sections 217.450 to 217.485 may be cited as the "Uniform Mandatory Disposition of Detainers Law".
217.785 - Postconviction drug treatment program, established, rules — required participation, completion — institutional phase — report.
1.As used in this section, the term "Missouri postconviction drug treatment program" means a program of noninstitutional and institutional correctional programs for the monitoring, control and treatment of certain drug abuse offenders.
2.The department of corrections shall establish by regulation the "Missouri Postconviction Drug Treatment Program".The program shall include noninstitutional and institutional placement.The institutional phase of the program may include any offender under the supervision and control of the department of corrections.The department shall establish rules determining how, when and where an offender shall be admitted into or removed from the program.
3.Any first-time offender who has been found guilty of violating the provisions of chapter 195 or 579, or whose controlled substance abuse was a precipitating or contributing factor in the commission of his offense, and who is placed on probation may be required to participate in the noninstitutional phase of the program, which may include education, treatment and rehabilitation programs.Persons required to attend a program pursuant to this section may be charged a reasonable fee to cover the costs of the program.Failure of an offender to complete successfully the noninstitutional phase of the program shall be sufficient cause for the offender to be remanded to the sentencing court for assignment to the institutional phase of the program or any other authorized disposition.
4.A probationer shall be eligible for assignment to the institutional phase of the postconviction drug treatment program if he has failed to complete successfully the noninstitutional phase of the program.If space is available, the sentencing court may assign the offender to the institutional phase of the program as a special condition of probation, without the necessity of formal revocation of probation.
5.The availability of space in the institutional program shall be determined by the department of corrections.If the sentencing court is advised that there is no space available, then the court shall consider other authorized dispositions.
6.Any time after ninety days and prior to one hundred twenty days after assignment of the offender to the institutional phase of the program, the department shall submit to the court a report outlining the performance of the offender in the program.If the department determines that the offender will not participate or has failed to complete the program, the department shall advise the sentencing court, who shall cause the offender to be brought before the court for consideration of revocation of the probation or other authorized disposition.If the offender successfully completes the program, the department shall release the individual to the appropriate probation and parole district office and so advise the court.
7.Time spent in the institutional phase of the program shall count as time served on the sentence.
217.762 - Presentence investigation, required, when — victim impact statement, prepared when, contents.
1.Prior to sentencing any defendant convicted of a felony which resulted in serious physical injury or death to the victim, a presentence investigation shall be conducted by the division of probation and parole to be considered by the court, unless the court orders otherwise.
2.The presentence investigation shall include a victim impact statement if the defendant caused physical, psychological, or economic injury to the victim.
3.If the court does not order a presentence investigation, the prosecuting attorney may prepare a victim impact statement to be submitted to the court.The court shall consider the victim impact statement in determining the appropriate sentence, and in entering any order of restitution to the victim.
4.A victim impact statement shall:
(1)Identify the victim of the offense;
(2)Itemize any economic loss suffered by the victim as a result of the offense;
(3)Identify any physical injury suffered by the victim as a result of the offense, along with its seriousness and permanence;
(4)Describe any change in the victim's personal welfare or familial relationships as a result of the offense;
(5)Identify any request for psychological services initiated by the victim or the victim's family as a result of the offense; and
(6)Contain any other information related to the impact of the offense upon the victim that the court requires.
217.833 - Percent of offender's assets that may be used for reimbursement — limitation.
1.Not more than ninety percent of the value of the assets of the offender may be used for purposes of securing costs and reimbursement pursuant to the provisions of sections 217.825 to 217.841.
2.The amount of reimbursement sought from an offender shall not be in excess of the per capita cost for care for maintaining offenders in the state correctional center in which the offender is housed for the period or periods such offender is an offender in a state correctional center.
217.542 - Failure to return to house arrest, felony.
1.An offender of the department released to the house arrest program commits the crime of failure to return to house arrest if he or she purposely fails to return to his or her place of residence or activity authorized by subsection 3 of section 217.541 when he or she is required to do so.
2.Failure to return to house arrest is a class E felony.
217.703 - Earned compliance credits awarded, when.
1.The division of probation and parole shall award earned compliance credits to any offender who is:
(2)On probation, parole, or conditional release for an offense listed in chapter 579, or an offense previously listed in chapter 195, or for a class D or E felony, excluding sections 565.225, 565.252, 566.031, 566.061, 566.083, 566.093, 568.020, 568.060, offenses defined as sexual assault under section 589.015, deviate sexual assault, assault in the second degree under subdivision (2) of subsection 1 of section 565.052, endangering the welfare of a child in the first degree under subdivision (2) of subsection 1 of section 568.045, and any offense of aggravated stalking or assault in the second degree under subdivision (2) of subsection 1 of section 565.060 as such offenses existed prior to January 1, 2017;
(3)Supervised by the division of probation and parole; and
(4)In compliance with the conditions of supervision imposed by the sentencing court or board.
2.If an offender was placed on probation, parole, or conditional release for an offense of:
(1)Involuntary manslaughter in the second degree;
(3)Domestic assault in the second degree;
(4)Assault in the third degree when the victim is a special victim or assault of a law enforcement officer in the second degree as it existed prior to January 1, 2017;
(5)Statutory rape in the second degree;
(6)Statutory sodomy in the second degree;
(7)Endangering the welfare of a child in the first degree under subdivision (1) of subsection 1 of section 568.045; or
(8)Any case in which the defendant is found guilty of a felony offense under chapter 571;
the sentencing court may, upon its own motion or a motion of the prosecuting or circuit attorney, make a finding that the offender is ineligible to earn compliance credits because the nature and circumstances of the offense or the history and character of the offender indicate that a longer term of probation, parole, or conditional release is necessary for the protection of the public or the guidance of the offender.The motion may be made any time prior to the first month in which the person may earn compliance credits under this section or at a hearing under subsection 5 of this section.The offender's ability to earn credits shall be suspended until the court or board makes its finding.If the court or board finds that the offender is eligible for earned compliance credits, the credits shall begin to accrue on the first day of the next calendar month following the issuance of the decision.
3.Earned compliance credits shall reduce the term of probation, parole, or conditional release by thirty days for each full calendar month of compliance with the terms of supervision.Credits shall begin to accrue for eligible offenders after the first full calendar month of supervision or on October 1, 2012, if the offender began a term of probation, parole, or conditional release before September 1, 2012.
4.For the purposes of this section, the term "compliance" shall mean the absence of an initial violation report or notice of citation submitted by a probation or parole officer during a calendar month, or a motion to revoke or motion to suspend filed by a prosecuting or circuit attorney, against the offender.
5.Credits shall not accrue during any calendar month in which a violation report, which may include a report of absconder status, has been submitted, the offender is in custody, or a motion to revoke or motion to suspend has been filed, and shall be suspended pending the outcome of a hearing, if a hearing is held.If no hearing is held, or if a hearing is held and the offender is continued under supervision, or the court or board finds that the violation did not occur, then the offender shall be deemed to be in compliance and shall begin earning credits on the first day of the next calendar month following the month in which the report was submitted or the motion was filed.If a hearing is held, all earned credits shall be rescinded if:
(2)The offender is found by the court or board to be ineligible to earn compliance credits because the nature and circumstances of the violation indicate that a longer term of probation, parole, or conditional release is necessary for the protection of the public or the guidance of the offender.
Earned credits, if not rescinded, shall continue to be suspended for a period of time during which the court or board has suspended the term of probation, parole, or release, and shall begin to accrue on the first day of the next calendar month following the lifting of the suspension.
6.Offenders who are deemed by the division to be absconders shall not earn credits.For purposes of this subsection, "absconder" shall mean an offender under supervision whose whereabouts are unknown and who has left such offender's place of residency without the permission of the offender's supervising officer and without notifying of their whereabouts for the purpose of avoiding supervision.An offender shall no longer be deemed an absconder when such offender is available for active supervision.
7.Notwithstanding subsection 2 of section 217.730 to the contrary, once the combination of time served in custody, if applicable, time served on probation, parole, or conditional release, and earned compliance credits satisfy the total term of probation, parole, or conditional release, the board or sentencing court shall order final discharge of the offender, so long as the offender has completed restitution and at least two years of his or her probation, parole, or conditional release, which shall include any time served in custody under section 217.718 and sections 559.036 and 559.115.
8.The award or rescission of any credits earned under this section shall not be subject to appeal or any motion for postconviction relief.
9.At least twice a year, the division shall calculate the number of months the offender has remaining on his or her term of probation, parole, or conditional release, taking into consideration any earned compliance credits, and notify the offender of the length of the remaining term.
10.No less than sixty days before the date of final discharge, the division shall notify the sentencing court, the board, and, for probation cases, the circuit or prosecuting attorney of the impending discharge.If the sentencing court, the board, or the circuit or prosecuting attorney upon receiving such notice does not take any action under subsection 5 of this section, the offender shall be discharged under subsection 7 of this section.
11.Any offender who was sentenced prior to January 1, 2017, to an offense that was eligible for earned compliance credits under subsection 1 or 2 of this section at the time of sentencing shall continue to remain eligible for earned compliance credits so long as the offender meets all the other requirements provided under this section.
12.The application of earned compliance credits shall be suspended upon entry into a treatment court, as described in sections 478.001 to 478.009, and shall remain suspended until the offender is discharged from such treatment court.Upon successful completion of treatment court, all earned compliance credits accumulated during the suspension period shall be retroactively applied, so long as the other terms and conditions of probation have been successfully completed.
217.440 - Program of restorative justice, requirements.
The director is authorized to establish a program of restorative justice within the department's correctional centers and to require that offenders offer acts and expressions of sincere remorse for the offense committed and its impact on the victims and the community.Such program requirements may include, but are not limited to, community service work requirements while incarcerated and participation in victim-oriented programs, as well as other restorative activities to be determined by the department.
217.540 - Powers and duties of director, delegation authorized.
The director is hereby authorized and directed to do all things necessary or incidental to the carrying out of a compact prescribed by section 217.525 in every particular and he may in his discretion delegate this authority.
217.240 - Food and clothing of offenders — food deprivation not to be used as punishment.
1.The chief administrative officer of each correctional center, with the approval of his division director, shall by rule and regulation designate the type of clothing to be worn by offenders.
2.All offenders confined in correctional centers shall be supplied with a sufficient quantity of wholesome food.Deprivation of food shall not be used as a disciplinary action.
3.The chief administrative officer shall keep advised as to the quantity and quality of food and clothing furnished the offenders and as to the health, condition and safekeeping of the offenders, and shall report those findings to his director.
217.040 - Rulemaking authority.
1.The department shall have the authority to adopt, amend and repeal rules and regulations under the provisions of this section and chapter 536 as necessary or desirable to carry out the provisions of this chapter which are not inconsistent with the constitution of this state.No rule or portion of a rule promulgated under the authority of this chapter shall become effective unless it has been promulgated pursuant to the provisions of section 536.024.
2.The department shall adopt policies and operating regulations concerning only its internal management which need not be published in the Missouri Register or the code of state regulations under chapter 536, but these regulations shall be available for public inspection and review.
3.Divisions of the department shall jointly or separately adopt regulations, policies and procedures concerning internal management which shall be consistent with the department's policies and regulations, and need not be published in the Missouri Register or the code of state regulations under chapter 536.
4.Chief administrative officers, managers or supervisors of correctional centers, sections, units, or offices of the department or its divisions shall make such orders, rules or regulations governing their correctional center, section, unit, or office as required by their division or department and consistent with policy and procedure adopted by the department.
217.315 - System of identification, department to establish.
Any person convicted of a felony, which shall not be set aside or reversed, may be subjected to an identification procedure adopted by the department.Such force may be used as necessary to the effectual carrying out and application of such measurements, processes and operations; and other results thereof may be published for the purpose of affording information to officers and others engaged in the execution or administration of the law.
217.015 - Divisions created — sections authorized — purpose of department — women offender program established, purpose — advisory committee established, membership, purpose.
1.The department shall supervise and manage all correctional centers, and probation and parole of the state of Missouri.
2.The department shall be composed of the parole board and the following divisions:
(1)The division of human services;
(2)The division of adult institutions;
(3)The division of probation and parole; and
(4)The division of offender rehabilitative services.
3.Each division may be subdivided by the director into such sections, bureaus, or offices as is necessary to carry out the duties assigned by law.
4.The department shall operate a women offender program to be supervised by a director of women's programs.The purpose of the women offender program shall be to ensure that female offenders are provided a continuum of gender-responsive and trauma-informed supervision strategies and program services reflecting best practices for female probationers, prisoners and parolees in areas including but not limited to classification, diagnostic processes, facilities, medical and mental health care, child custody and visitation.
5.There shall be an advisory committee under the direction of the director of women's programs.The members of the committee shall include the director of the office on women's health, the director of the department of mental health or a designee and four others appointed by the director of the department of corrections.The committee shall address the needs of women in the criminal justice system as they are affected by the changes in their community, family concerns, the judicial system and the organization and available resources of the department of corrections.
217.115 - Officers and employees, restrictions on business connections — conversion of department property prohibited, exception — violations, grounds for dismissal.
1.No employee of the department shall knowingly have any financial or business interest in the management, maintenance or provision of goods or services to the department, its divisions or agencies which provide goods or services to the department.
2.No employee of the department shall knowingly have any financial business with any offender committed to or supervised by the department, or family members of any offender committed to or supervised by the department.
3.Except as provided by section 217.135, no employee of the department shall take, remove, use, appropriate, or in any way convert to his own use or the use of any other individual or entity any property, provisions, natural resources, goods, or any article of value belonging to or under the control of the department or sell such items to another party.
4.Violation of subsection 1, 2, or 3 of this section shall be grounds for dismissal or other appropriate disciplinary action.
217.515 - Chief administrative officer to deliver offender, when.
The chief administrative officer of a state correctional center shall give over the person of any offender within such correctional center whenever so required by the operation of the agreement on detainers.
217.415 - Disqualification from holding position in correctional facility, when.
A person convicted of any crime under section 217.400, 217.405, or 217.410 shall be disqualified from holding any position in the department.
217.305 - Delivery of prisoners to correctional centers with certain required information.
1.The sheriff or other officer charged with the delivery of persons committed to the department for confinement in a correctional center shall deliver the person to the reception and diagnostic center designated by the director at times and dates as designated by the director and shall receive a certificate of delivery of the offender from the center.
2.Appropriate information relating to the offender shall be provided to the department in a written or electronic format, at or before the time the offender is delivered to the department, including, but not limited to:
(1)A certified copy of the sentence from the clerk of the sentencing court on the standardized form developed by the office of state courts administrator.Such form shall include specifics on any status violated, court-ordered probation not supervised by the department, the offense cycle number and any court-ordered restitution owed to the victim;
(2)Available information provided in writing by the prosecutor regarding the offender's age, crime for which sentenced, probable cause statement, circumstances surrounding the crime and sentence, names, telephone numbers, and last known* address of victims, victim impact statements, and personal history, which may include facts related to the offender's home environment, or work habits, gang affiliations, if any, and previous convictions and commitments.Such information shall be prepared by the prosecuting attorney of the county or circuit attorney of any city not within a county who was charged with the offender's prosecution;
(3)Information provided by the sheriff or other officer charged with the delivery of persons committed to the department regarding the offender's physical and mental health while in jail.All records on medication, care, and treatment provided to the offender while in jail shall be provided to the department prior to or upon delivery of the offender.If the offender has had no physical or mental health care or medications while in jail, the sheriff or other officer shall certify that no physical or mental health care or medication records are available.The sheriff shall provide certification of all applicable jail-time credit.
3.The department may refuse to accept any offender who is delivered for confinement without all required information.
217.405 - Offender abuse, penalty — employees not to use physical force, exception.
1.Except as provided in subsection 3 of this section, a person commits the offense of offender abuse if he or she knowingly injures the physical well-being of any offender under the jurisdiction of the department by beating, striking, wounding or by sexual contact with such person.
2.Offender abuse is a class D felony.
3.No employee of the department shall use any physical force on an offender except the employee shall have the right to use such physical force as is necessary to defend himself or herself, suppress an individual or group revolt or insurrection, enforce discipline or to secure the offender.
217.505 - Compact not to require application of habitual offender law.
Nothing in sections 217.490 to 217.520 or in the agreement on detainers shall be construed to require the application of the habitual offender law, sections 556.280 and 556.290, to any person on account of any conviction had in a proceeding brought to final disposition by reason of the use of this agreement.
217.705 - Probation, parole, institutional parole, officers — appointment — duties.
1.The director of the division of probation and parole shall appoint probation and parole officers and institutional parole officers as deemed necessary to carry out the purposes of the board.
2.Probation and parole officers shall investigate all persons referred to them for investigation by the board or by any court as provided by sections 217.750 and 217.760.They shall furnish to each offender released under their supervision a written statement of the conditions of probation, parole or conditional release and shall instruct the offender regarding these conditions.They shall keep informed of the offender's conduct and condition and use all suitable methods to aid and encourage the offender to bring about improvement in the offender's conduct and conditions.
3.The probation and parole officer may recommend and, by order duly entered, the court may impose and may at any time modify any conditions of probation.The court shall cause a copy of any such order to be delivered to the probation and parole officer and the offender.
4.Probation and parole officers shall keep detailed records of their work and shall make such reports in writing and perform such other duties as may be incidental to those enumerated that the board may require.In the event a parolee is transferred to another probation and parole officer, the written record of the former probation and parole officer shall be given to the new probation and parole officer.
5.Institutional parole officers shall investigate all offenders referred to them for investigation by the board and shall provide the board such other reports the board may require.They shall furnish the offender prior to release on parole or conditional release a written statement of the conditions of parole or conditional release and shall instruct the offender regarding these conditions.
6.The department shall furnish probation and parole officers and institutional parole officers, including supervisors, with credentials and a special badge which such officers and supervisors shall carry on their person at all times while on duty.
217.550 - Prison industries and services program created — director to administer — approval required — report submitted to director, contents.
1.The department shall establish and operate at its correctional centers a vocational enterprise program which includes industries, services, vocational training, and agribusiness operations.The director shall have general supervision over planning, establishment and management of all vocational enterprise operations provided by and within the department and shall decide at which correctional center each vocational enterprise shall be located, taking into consideration the offender custody levels, the number of offenders in each correctional center so the best service or distribution of labor may be secured, location and convenience of the correctional centers in relation to the other correctional centers to be supplied or served and the machinery presently contained in each correctional center.
2.No service shall be established or renewed without prior approval by the advisory board of vocational enterprises program established by section 217.555.The board shall make a finding that the establishment of the service shall be beneficial to those offenders involved and shall not adversely affect any statewide economic group or industry.
3.The annual report of Missouri vocational enterprises submitted to the director shall include:
(1)A list of the correctional industries, services, vocational training programs, and agribusinesses in operation;
(2)A list of correctional industries, services, vocational training programs, and agribusinesses started, terminated, moved, expanded, or reduced during the period;
(3)The average number of offenders employed in each correctional industry, service, vocational training program, or agribusiness operation;
(4)The volume of sales of articles, services, and materials manufactured, grown, processed or provided;
(5)An operating statement showing the profit or loss of each industry, service, vocational training program, and agribusiness operation;
(6)The amount of sales to state agencies or institutions, to political subdivisions of the state, or any other entity with which the vocational enterprise program does business, and the amount of open market sales, if any; and
(7)Such other information concerning the correctional industries, services, vocational training programs, and agribusiness operations as requested by the director.
217.450 - Offender may request final disposition of pending indictment, information or complaint, how requested — director to notify offender of pending actions, failure to notify, effect.
1.Any person confined in a department correctional facility may request a final disposition of any untried indictment, information or complaint pending in this state on the basis of which a law enforcement agency, prosecuting attorney's office, or circuit attorney's office has delivered a certified copy of a warrant and has requested that a detainer be lodged against him with the facility where the offender is confined.The request shall be in writing addressed to the court in which the indictment, information or complaint is pending and to the prosecuting attorney charged with the duty of prosecuting it, and shall set forth the place of imprisonment.
2.When the director receives a certified copy of a warrant and a written request by the issuing agency to place a detainer, the director shall lodge a detainer in favor of the requesting agency.The director shall promptly inform each offender in writing of the source and nature of any untried indictment, information or complaint for which a detainer has been lodged against him of which the director has knowledge, and of his right to make a request for final disposition of such indictment, information or complaint on which the detainer is based.
3.Failure of the director to comply with this section shall not be the basis for dismissing the indictment, information, or complaint unless the court also finds that the offender has been denied his or her constitutional right to a speedy trial.
217.650 - Definitions.
As used in sections 217.650 to 217.810, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the following terms mean:
(1)"Board", the state board of probation and parole;
(2)"Chairman", chairman of the board of probation and parole;
(3)"Diversionary program", a* program designed to utilize alternatives to incarceration undertaken under the supervision of the board after commitment of an offense and prior to arraignment;
(4)"Parole", the release of an offender to the community by the court or the state board of probation and parole prior to the expiration of his term, subject to conditions imposed by the court or the board and to its supervision;
(5)"Prerelease program", a* program relating to an offender's preparation for, or orientation to, supervision by the board immediately prior to or immediately after assignment of the offender to the board for supervision;
(6)"Pretrial program", a* program relating to the investigation or supervision of persons referred or assigned to the board prior to their conviction;
(7)"Probation", a procedure under which a defendant found guilty of a crime upon verdict or plea is released by the court without imprisonment, subject to conditions imposed by the court and subject to the supervision of the board;
(8)"Recognizance program", a* program relating to the release of an individual from detention who is under arrest for an offense for which he may be released as provided in section 544.455.
217.750 - Probation services provided to circuit courts, when.
1.At the request of a judge of any circuit court, the division of probation and parole shall provide probation services for such court as provided in subsection 2 of this section.
2.The division of probation and parole shall provide probation services for any person convicted of any class of felony.The division of probation and parole shall not provide probation services for any class of misdemeanor except those class A misdemeanors the basis of which is contained in chapters 565 and 566 or in section 568.050, 455.085, 589.425, or section 455.538.
217.350 - Transfer of offender, when.
An offender may be transferred from one correctional center to another by the director.
217.250 - Offender with terminal disease or advanced age where confinement will endanger or shorten life, report to governor, procedure.
Whenever any offender is afflicted with a disease which is terminal, or is advanced in age to the extent that the offender is in need of long-term nursing home care, or when confinement will necessarily greatly endanger or shorten the offender's life, the correctional center's physician shall certify such facts to the chief medical administrator, stating the nature of the disease.The chief medical administrator with the approval of the director will then forward the certificate to the board of probation and parole who in their discretion may grant a medical parole or at their discretion may recommend to the governor the granting or denial of a commutation.
217.805 - Governor may remit fine or forfeiture.
For any fine imposed by any statute, and for any forfeiture of a recognizance, where the securities are made liable, the governor shall have power to grant a remittitur, when it shall be made to appear to him that there is by such fine or forfeiture an injustice done, or great hardship suffered by the defendant or defendants, which equity and good conscience would seem to entitle relief for the defendant or defendants.All applications for such relief shall be in writing, signed by the party or parties seeking such remittitur, and accompanied by a statement of the facts of the case, signed by the judge or prosecuting attorney of the county in which such fine or forfeiture is entered, and a certificate of the clerk that all costs have been paid; and the governor shall endorse his decision on each case and file the same in the office of the secretary of state.
217.050 - Department to sue in name of director — interest authorized.
For all debts and demands whatsoever due any of the correctional centers subject to the control of the department and all damages for failure of contract, and for trespass and other wrongs to the correctional center or any property thereof, real or personal, actions in any court of competent jurisdiction may be maintained in the name of the director.Interest shall be charged and every effort made to recover on any and all sums due the correctional center on account of any inmate thereof; the account therefor, certified by the head of the correctional center, with the seal of the department attached, shall be prima facie evidence of the amount due.
217.125 - Offenders, labor restrictions.
No offender labor may be used for the profit, betterment or personal gain of any employee of the department.
217.025 - Director of department, appointment, qualifications, bond, duties.
1.The general supervision, management and control of the department of corrections shall be in the director of corrections, who shall be appointed by the governor, by and with the advice and consent of the senate.
2.The director shall be a person of recognized character and integrity, and have such education, training, proven executive ability and experience as will fit for the successful performance of the official duties of the director.The director shall have education, training and experience in correctional management.The director shall be a citizen of the United States, but need not be a resident of the state of Missouri at the time of appointment.Before entering into the official duties of office, the director shall take an oath or affirmation to support the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the State of Missouri and to faithfully demean himself or herself in the office of the director.The director shall enter into a good and sufficient corporate surety bond, payable to the state of Missouri, conditioned upon the faithful discharge and performance of the official duties of the director.The bond shall be approved by the attorney general as to form and by the governor as to its sufficiency.The premium on the bond shall be paid by the state.The director shall devote full time to the official duties of the director, with primary responsibility being to ensure that positive efforts are made to ensure the public safety.The secondary responsibility of the director shall be to institute various rehabilitative programs which should include, but are not limited to, the areas of education, vocational training, treatment, counseling and guidance and an overall approach aimed at reducing recidivism.
3.The director shall establish the duties and responsibilities of employees of the department, shall supervise their work assignments and may require reports from any employee as to his conduct and management relating to the correctional centers and programs of the department.The director shall also be responsible for the implementation of uniform policies and procedures governing offenders and staff.
4.The director shall have control and jurisdiction over all persons who are legally sentenced, assigned and committed to the custody and supervision of the department.
5.The director shall have control and jurisdiction over all real estate, buildings, equipment, machinery, correctional centers and products properly belonging to, or used by, or in connection with any facility within the department except where such control and jurisdiction are reserved to others by law.
6.The director shall make and enforce such rules, regulations, orders and findings as the director may deem necessary for the proper management of all correctional centers and persons subject to the department's control.
7.The director shall establish and maintain correctional centers and units, as provided by appropriations, for the segregation of male and female offenders, and for the classification of offenders based on the level of security, supervision and program needs.
8.The director shall prepare and submit an annual budget of all funds necessary to be expended by the department and by the divisions of the department.
9.The director shall prepare and submit to the governor and the general assembly a written report of the administration of his duties, together with such recommendations and suggestions as the director may deem advisable.It may include projects, plans, accomplishments, together with statistics and summaries of financial receipts and expenditures.The director shall also advise the governor and the joint committee on corrections as to any improvements that may appear necessary for the efficiency, economy and general well-being of offenders, correctional centers, programs, and the department.
10.The director shall initiate and direct the development of a long-range plan to provide comprehensive integrated programs to accomplish the purpose of this chapter.
217.225 - Federal prisoners, admittance — escapees, how punished — neglect of federal prisoners, liability.
1.When practicable, the department director shall receive into the department any criminal convicted of having violated the law or laws of the United States and sentenced to the department by any court of the United States, and may retain custody of such criminal until he shall be discharged by due process of law.
2.The United States shall support any offender accepted by the department pursuant to this section and shall pay the expense attendant upon execution of the sentence.
3.Any such offender accepted by the department pursuant to this section escaping or attempting to escape from the correctional center shall be subject to prosecution as if he had been committed by virtue of a conviction under the authority of this state.
4.The chief administrative officer of each correctional center shall be liable to like penalties and punishment for any neglect or violation of duty, in respect to the custody of any federal prisoner, as if such prisoner had been committed by virtue of a conviction under the authority of the state.
217.325 - Identification system mandatory.
The enforcement of the provisions of section 217.315 by the authorities in charge of state correctional centers, police departments and others having the custody of those convicted of a felony which shall not be set aside or reversed is hereby made mandatory.
217.725 - Board may parole prisoner held on warrant.
When a court or other authority has issued a warrant against a person, the board may release him on parole to answer the warrant of such court or authority.
217.829 - Assets to be listed by prisoners on form under oath — failure to comply, effect — department to request assignments.
1.The department shall develop a form which shall be used by the department to obtain information from all offenders regarding their assets.
2.The form shall be submitted to each offender as of the date the form is developed and to every offender who thereafter is sentenced to imprisonment under the jurisdiction of the department.The form may be resubmitted to an offender by the department for purposes of obtaining current information regarding assets of the offender.
3.Every offender shall complete the form or provide for completion of the form and the offender shall swear or affirm under oath that to the best of his or her knowledge the information provided is complete and accurate.Any person who shall knowingly provide false information on said form to state officials or employees shall be guilty of the crime of making a false affidavit as provided by section 575.050.
4.Failure by an offender to fully, adequately and correctly complete the form may be considered by the board of probation and parole for purposes of a parole determination, and in determining an offender's parole release date or eligibility and shall constitute sufficient grounds for denial of parole.
5.Prior to release of any offender from imprisonment, and again prior to release from the jurisdiction of the department, the department shall request from the offender an assignment of ten percent of any wages, salary, benefits or payments from any source.Such an assignment shall be valid for the longer period of five years from the date of its execution, or five years from the date that the offender is released from the jurisdiction of the department or any of its divisions or agencies.The assignment shall secure payment of the total cost of care of the offender executing the assignment.The restrictions on the maximum amount of earnings subject to garnishment contained in section 525.030 shall apply to earnings subject to assignments executed pursuant to this subsection.
217.021 - Community behavioral health program, purpose — department duties.
1.The department shall establish and implement a community behavioral health program to provide comprehensive community-based services for individuals under the supervision of the department who have serious behavioral health conditions.
2.The department shall, in collaboration with the department of mental health:
(1)Establish a referral and evaluation process for access to the program;
(2)Establish eligibility criteria that include consideration of recidivism risk and behavioral health condition severity;
(3)Establish discharge criteria and processes, with a goal of establishing a seamless transition to post-program services to decrease recidivism; and
(4)Develop multidisciplinary program oversight, auditing, and evaluation processes that shall include:
(a)Oversight authority of program case management services through the department of mental health;
(b)Provider performance and outcome metrics; and
(c)Reports to the legislature and the governor on the status of the program as requested.
3.The department of mental health shall, in collaboration with the department of corrections:
(1)Contract for and pay behavioral health service providers under the program;
(2)Supervise, support, and monitor referral caseloads and the provision of services by contract behavioral health service providers;
(3)Require that contract behavioral health service providers:
(a)Accept all eligible referrals, provide individualized care delivered through integrated multidisciplinary care teams, and continue services on an ongoing basis until established discharge criteria are met;
(b)Accept reimbursement on a per-month, per-referral basis, and ensure that the payment schedule is based on a pay-for-performance model that includes consideration of identified outcomes and the level of services required; and
(c)Bill third parties for services.
217.425 - Furlough of prisoners, when — time limitations, exceptions — waiver required, when — notice requirements.
1.The director may extend the limits of the place of confinement of an offender who, he has reasonable cause to believe, will honor his trust, by authorizing the offender, under prescribed conditions, to visit specifically designated places within the state for a period not to exceed thirty days per year and to return to the custody of the department.The authority herein conferred may be exercised to permit the offender to visit a relative who is ill, to attend the funeral of a relative, to obtain medical services not otherwise available, to contact prospective employers and to participate in approved rehabilitation programs.If the offender is enrolled in a community release program or in need of emergency medical services, the thirty day per annum limitation may be extended at the director's discretion.
2.A copy of any order of the director shall be sent to the circuit judge, sheriff and prosecuting attorney of the county or circuit attorney of any city not within a county from which the offender was sentenced and the county of the proposed visit at least ten days in advance of such order except in the case of an order permitting the visit to attend the funeral of a relative or for an emergency medical furlough.
217.525 - Director authorized to contract with United States for stated purposes.
The director is hereby authorized to enter into a contract on behalf of the state of Missouri with the United States, pursuant to the provisions of an act of the Congress of the United States granting consent to the states to enter into agreements or compacts for cooperative effort and mutual assistance in the prevention of crime and for other purposes, which contract shall have as its objective the establishment of programs whereby persons convicted of crimes in any state party to the agreement may be transferred to and incarcerated in correctional facilities in any other state party to the agreement.
217.670 - Decisions to be by majority vote — hearing panel, membership, duties — jurisdiction removal or appeal to board, when — decision to be final — closed meetings authorized — video conferencing.
1.The board shall adopt an official seal of which the courts shall take official notice.
2.Decisions of the board regarding granting of paroles, extensions of a conditional release date or revocations of a parole or conditional release shall be by a majority vote of the hearing panel members.The hearing panel shall consist of one member of the board and two hearing officers appointed by the board.A member of the board may remove the case from the jurisdiction of the hearing panel and refer it to the full board for a decision.Within thirty days of entry of the decision of the hearing panel to deny parole or to revoke a parole or conditional release, the offender may appeal the decision of the hearing panel to the board.The board shall consider the appeal within thirty days of receipt of the appeal.The decision of the board shall be by majority vote of the board members and shall be final.
3.The orders of the board shall not be reviewable except as to compliance with the terms of sections 217.650 to 217.810 or any rules promulgated pursuant to such section.
4.The board shall keep a record of its acts and shall notify each correctional center of its decisions relating to persons who are or have been confined in such correctional center.
5.Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any meeting, record, or vote, of proceedings involving probation, parole, or pardon, may be a closed meeting, closed record, or closed vote.
6.Notwithstanding any other provision of law, when the appearance or presence of an offender before the board or a hearing panel is required for the purpose of deciding whether to grant conditional release or parole, extend the date of conditional release, revoke parole or conditional release, or for any other purpose, such appearance or presence may occur by means of a videoconference at the discretion of the board.Victims having a right to attend parole hearings may testify either at the site where the board is conducting the videoconference or at the institution where the offender is located.The use of videoconferencing in this section shall be at the discretion of the board, and shall not be utilized if either the victim or the victim's family objects to it.
217.570 - Sales of prison industry goods and services, procedure — open market sales, when.
The vocational enterprises program shall serve the state and its political subdivisions use market.The vocational enterprises program shall be authorized to provide goods or services for other states and their political subdivisions whenever their laws permit them to contract with this state.Before entering into any such contract with other states, an executive agreement shall first be signed between the executive authorities of the states.Open market sales may be made in case of excess inventories and at prevailing market prices for goods or services of like quality and kind, if it is considered to be in the best interest of the department.Agribusiness operations may make open market sales as provided by law for the sale of products.
217.470 - Transportation expenses, how paid.
The expense of transporting any offender between the place of his confinement and the county wherein an untried indictment, information or complaint is pending shall be paid by the county.It shall be the duty of the sheriff to transport the offender, and he shall be compensated for such service as provided by section 57.290.
217.070 - State auditor to have access to all records, confidentiality.
The state auditor shall have access to all records maintained and established by the department.Any confidential records shall not be divulged in such a wayas* to reveal personally identifiable information.
217.170 - Chief administrative officers, duties.
The chief administrative officers of the correctional centers, subject to the directives of the department director and the division director, shall have charge, control and management of their correctional centers.
217.197 - Offender personal property, allowed when — unauthorized property, disposition of.
1.The amount and type of personal property an offender housed in a correctional center may possess shall be established by policy.Control and disposition of offender property as related to value and volume shall be set by policy.
2.Unauthorized personal property found in the possession of an offender housed in a correctional center may be impounded and disposed of per policy directives.
217.370 - Discipline and grievance procedures established — chief administrative officer to abide by.
The director shall establish rules and regulations pertaining to offender disciplinary procedure and shall establish an offender grievance procedure.The chief administrative officer of each correctional center shall observe these rules and procedures at all times.
217.270 - Probation and parole board to have access to offenders and records, when.
All correctional employees shall:
(1)Grant to members of the state board of probation and parole or its properly accredited representatives access at all reasonable times to any offender;
(2)Furnish to the board the reports that the board requires concerning the conduct and character of any offender in their custody; and
(3)Furnish any other facts deemed pertinent by the board in the determination of whether an offender shall be paroled.
217.825 - Citation of law.
Sections 217.825 to 217.841 shall be known and may be cited as the "Missouri Incarceration Reimbursement Act".
217.139 - Sexual offenders of children, pilot treatment program — costs, how paid — department's duties — annual report.
1.The department of corrections shall design and implement a pilot program for the treatment of individuals who, in the absence of such program, would be committed to the department of corrections or placed on unsupervised probation for a sexual offense involving a child.Under such program the costs of treatment and supervision shall be paid by the individuals referred to the program by the court.Such pilot community corrections program shall be patterned as closely as is practicable after the successful "Restitution, Treatment and Training" program which was developed in the state of Oregon.
2.The department of corrections shall implement the program required pursuant to this section by January 1, 1992, and shall report annually to the governor, the speaker of the house of representatives and the president pro tem of the senate on the effectiveness of the program.
217.760 - Probation and parole officers furnished to circuit courts, when — presentence and preparole investigations — requirements.
1.In all felony cases and class A misdemeanor cases, the basis of which misdemeanor cases are contained in chapters 565 and 566 and section 577.023, at the request of a circuit judge of any circuit court, the division of probation and parole shall assign one or more state probation and parole officers to make an investigation of the person convicted of the crime or offense before sentence is imposed.In all felony cases in which the recommended sentence established by the sentencing advisory commission pursuant to subsection 6 of section 558.019 includes probation but the recommendation of the prosecuting attorney or circuit attorney does not include probation, the division of probation and parole shall, prior to sentencing, provide the judge with a report on available alternatives to incarceration.If a presentence investigation report is completed then the available alternatives shall be included in the presentence investigation report.
2.The report of the presentence investigation or preparole investigation shall contain any prior criminal record of the defendant and such information about his or her characteristics, his or her financial condition, his or her social history, the circumstances affecting his or her behavior as may be helpful in imposing sentence or in granting probation or in the correctional treatment of the defendant, information concerning the impact of the crime upon the victim, the recommended sentence established by the sentencing advisory commission and available alternatives to incarceration including opportunities for restorative justice, as well as a recommendation by the probation and parole officer.The officer shall secure such other information as may be required by the court and, whenever it is practicable and needed, such investigation shall include a physical and mental examination of the defendant.
217.364 - Offenders under treatment program, placement, rules — eligibility — use, purpose, availability — failure to complete.
1.The department of corrections shall establish by regulation the "Offenders Under Treatment Program".The program shall include institutional placement of certain offenders, as outlined in subsection 3 of this section, under the supervision and control of the department of corrections.The department shall establish rules determining how, when and where an offender shall be admitted into or removed from the program.
2.As used in this section, the term "offenders under treatment program" means a one-hundred-eighty-day institutional correctional program for the monitoring, control and treatment of certain substance abuse offenders and certain nonviolent offenders followed by placement on parole with continued supervision.
3.The following offenders may participate in the program as determined by the department:
(1)Any nonviolent offender who has not previously been remanded to the department and who has been found guilty of violating the provisions of chapter 195 or 579 or whose substance abuse was a precipitating or contributing factor in the commission of his offense; or
(2)Any nonviolent offender who has pled guilty or been found guilty of a crime which did not involve the use of a weapon, and who has not previously been remanded to the department.
4.This program shall be used as an intermediate sanction by the department.The program may include education, treatment and rehabilitation programs.If an offender successfully completes the institutional phase of the program, the department shall notify the board of probation and parole within thirty days of completion.Upon notification from the department that the offender has successfully completed the program, the board of probation and parole may at its discretion release the offender on parole as authorized in subsection 1 of section 217.690.
5.The availability of space in the institutional program shall be determined by the department of corrections.
6.If the offender fails to complete the program, the offender shall be taken out of the program and shall serve the remainder of his sentence with the department.
7.Time spent in the program shall count as time served on the sentence.
217.660 - Chairman of the board to be director — additional compensation.
1.The chairman of the board of probation and parole shall be the director of the division.
2.In addition to the compensation as a member of the board, any chairman whose term of office began before August 28, 1999, shall receive three thousand eight hundred seventy-five dollars per year for duties as chairman.
217.831 - Director to report to attorney general on offender's assets and cost of care — attorney general's power to investigate and seek reimbursement, when.
1.The director shall forward to the attorney general a report on each offender containing a completed form pursuant to the provisions of section 217.829 together with all other information available on the assets of the offender and an estimate of the total cost of care for that offender.
2.The attorney general may investigate or cause to be investigated all reports furnished pursuant to the provisions of subsection 1 of this section.This investigation may include seeking information from any source that may have relevant information concerning an offender's assets.The director shall provide all information possessed by the department and its divisions and agencies, upon request of the attorney general, in order to assist the attorney general in completing his duties pursuant to sections 217.825 to 217.841.
3.If the attorney general upon completing the investigation under subsection 2 of this section has good cause to believe that an offender or former offender has sufficient assets to recover not less than ten percent of the estimated cost of care of the offender or ten percent of the estimated cost of care of the offender for two years, whichever is less, or has a stream of income sufficient to pay such amounts within a five-year period, the attorney general may seek to secure reimbursement for the expense of the state of Missouri for the cost of care of such offender or former offender.
4.The attorney general, or any prosecuting attorney on behalf of the attorney general, shall not bring an action pursuant to this section against an offender or former offender after the expiration of five years after his release from the jurisdiction of the department.
217.460 - Trial to be held, when — failure, effect.
Within one hundred eighty days after the receipt of the request and certificate, pursuant to sections 217.450 and 217.455, by the court and the prosecuting attorney or within such additional necessary or reasonable time as the court may grant, for good cause shown in open court, the offender or his counsel being present, the indictment, information or complaint shall be brought to trial.The parties may stipulate for a continuance or a continuance may be granted if notice is given to the attorney of record with an opportunity for him to be heard.If the indictment, information or complaint is not brought to trial within the period and if the court finds that the offender's constitutional right to a speedy trial has been denied, no court of this state shall have jurisdiction of such indictment, information or complaint, nor shall the untried indictment, information or complaint be of any further force or effect; and the court shall issue an order dismissing the same with prejudice.
217.560 - Enterprise program diversification and purpose.
The vocational enterprises program shall be diversified both as to location and kind and shall have for its purposes:
(1)The training and employment of offenders in such job skills and tasks as will afford them the most favorable opportunities practicable for gainful employment upon discharge from the department;
(2)The manufacture or provision, so far as practicable, of such goods or services as are, or may be, needed and used by a department, agency, or institution of the state or any political subdivision of the state, any state employee, or any not-for-profit public or private agency;
(3)The servicing, maintenance, and repair, so far as practicable, of machinery and equipment used by any department, agency or institution of the state or any political subdivision thereof.
217.160 - Division director, power of appointment of certain personnel — qualifications — to be full-time employee.
1.Any division director, subject to the supervision of the director, shall exercise for the division the powers and duties of an appointing authority under chapter 36 to employ personnel, for the performance of the duties and responsibilities of the division.
2.The division director shall be a person of recognized character and integrity and shall have education, training and experience appropriate to the responsibilities of the division of which he is the director.He shall be a citizen of the United States but need not be a citizen of the state of Missouri at the time of his appointment.
3.The director shall be a full-time employee of the division and shall hold no other regular, compensated position while serving as a director of the division.
217.439 - Photograph of offender to be taken prior to release, when — provided to victim upon request.
Upon the victim's request, a photograph shall be taken of the incarcerated individual prior to release from incarceration and a copy of the photograph shall be provided to the crime victim.
217.260 - Earnings of offender, paid when — how used, payment to families, when — department powers.
1.At least monthly, the division shall place to the credit of any offender engaged in work or educational programs an amount to be determined as provided in section 217.255.
2.The compensation of an offender may be used to the amount permitted by division rules and regulations for the purchase of approved personal necessities not furnished by the division.
3.As provided by division rules, upon consent of the offender the chief administrative officer may permit offender compensation to be used for the support of the offender's family or other legal dependents.
4.Nothing contained in this section shall be construed to allow offenders to transfer funds to other offenders.
5.The department shall establish a schedule of minimum balances to be maintained for each offender account that has established a savings account through a work release program or halfway house operation.
6.The department shall have the authority to reduce an offender's account due to indebtedness to the state.
217.835 - Jurisdiction, certain circuit courts — service — hearing — support obligations of offender to be considered — court order to reimburse, when.
1.The circuit court shall have exclusive jurisdiction over all proceedings seeking reimbursement from offenders pursuant to the provisions of sections 217.825 to 217.841.The attorney general may file a complaint in the circuit court for the county or city from which a prisoner was sentenced or in the circuit court in the county or city of the office of the director of the department, against any person under the jurisdiction of the department stating that the person is or has been an offender in a state correctional center, that there is good cause to believe that the person has assets, and praying that the assets be used to reimburse the state for the expenses incurred or to be incurred, or both, by the state for the cost of care of the person as an offender.
2.Upon the filing of the complaint under subsection 1 of this section, the court shall issue an order to show cause why the prayer of the complainant should not be granted.The complaint and order shall be served upon the person personally, or, if the person is confined in a state correctional center, by registered mail addressed to the person in care of the chief administrator of the state correctional center where the person is housed, at least thirty days before the date of hearing on the complaint and order.
3.At the time of the hearing on the complaint and order, if it appears that the person has any assets which ought to be subjected to the claim of the state pursuant to the provisions of sections 217.825 to 217.841, the court shall issue an order requiring any person, corporation, or other legal entity possessed or having custody of such assets, to appropriate and apply such assets or a portion thereof to satisfy such claim.
4.At the hearing on the complaint and order and before entering any order on behalf of the state against the defendant, the court shall take into consideration any legal obligation of the defendant to support a spouse, minor children, or other dependents and any moral obligation to support dependents to whom the defendant is providing or has in fact provided support.
5.If the person, corporation, or other legal entity shall neglect or refuse to comply with an order issued pursuant to subsection 3 of this section, the court shall order the person, corporation, or other legal entity to appear before the court at such time as the court may direct and to show cause why the person, corporation, or other legal entity should not be considered in contempt of court.
6.If, in the opinion of the court, the assets of the prisoner are sufficient to pay the cost of the proceedings undertaken pursuant to the provisions of sections 217.825 to 217.841, the prisoner shall be liable for those costs upon order of the court.
217.035 - Director's powers and duties — deputy director, appointment, compensation, powers in absence or incapacity of director.
The director shall have the authority to:
(1)Establish, with approval of the governor, the internal organization of the department and file the plan thereof with the secretary of state in the manner in which administrative rules are filed, the commissioner of administration and the revisor of statutes;
(2)Exclusively prepare the budgets of the department and each division within the department in the form and manner set out by statute or by the commissioner of administration;
(3)Designate by written order filed with the governor, the president pro tem of the senate, and the chairman of the joint committee on corrections, a deputy director of the department to act for and exercise the powers of the director during the director's absence for official business, vacation, illness or incapacity.The deputy director shall serve as acting director no longer than six months; however, after the deputy director has acted as director for longer than thirty days the deputy director shall receive compensation equal to that of the director;
(4)Procure, either through the division of purchasing or by other means authorized by law, supplies, material, equipment or contractual services for the department and each of its divisions;
(5)Establish policy for the department and each of its divisions;
(6)Designate any responsibilities, duties and powers given by sections 217.010, 217.810, 558.011 and 558.026 to the department or the department director to any division or division director.
217.135 - Food furnished in correctional center, employees to purchase, exception.
Any purchase of food in any correctional center other than the usual quantity purchased for the offenders in the correctional center, to be used by or for anyone other than the offenders of the correctional center, shall be charged directly to the individual responsible for the purchase.The department may authorize employees of the correctional center to receive one meal without cost per work shift.
217.335 - Classification teams, established — appointment, qualifications, duties.
1.There shall be established at each correctional facility classification teams to be composed of the offender, along with a minimum of three members and a maximum of five members appointed as per policy.
2.It shall be the responsibility of the classification team to:
(1)Receive the report and recommendation of the reception and diagnostic center;
(2)Make recommendations to the chief administrative officer concerning custodial care, work assignments, educational or vocational training and other treatment procedures for the offender;
(3)Make a continuing study of each offender concerning his behavior, capacities, adjustment and rehabilitation to determine his progress.
3.Offenders shall be assigned according to security and program needs as determined by a department-wide assessment system.
217.235 - Chaplain, appointment or arrangement for religious services.
The director shall appoint chaplains or arrange for religious services from the community for the correctional centers.
217.735 - Lifetime supervision required for certain offenders — electronic monitoring — termination at age sixty-five permitted, when — rulemaking authority.
1.Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, the division of probation and parole shall supervise an offender for the duration of his or her natural life when the offender has been found guilty of an offense under:
(2)Section 566.068, 566.069, 566.210, 566.211, 573.200, or 573.205 based on an act committed on or after January 1, 2017, against a victim who was less than fourteen years old and the offender is a prior sex offender as defined in subsection 2 of this section.
2.For the purpose of this section, a prior sex offender is a person who has previously pleaded guilty to or been found guilty of an offense contained in chapter 566 or violating section 568.020 when the person had sexual intercourse or deviate sexual intercourse with the victim, or violating subdivision (2) of subsection 1 of section 568.045.
3.Subsection 1 of this section applies to offenders who have been granted probation, and to offenders who have been released on parole, conditional release, or upon serving their full sentence without early release.Supervision of an offender who was released after serving his or her full sentence will be considered as supervision on parole.
4.A mandatory condition of lifetime supervision of an offender under this section is that the offender be electronically monitored.Electronic monitoring shall be based on a global positioning system or other technology that identifies and records the offender's location at all times.
5.In appropriate cases as determined by a risk assessment, the board may terminate the supervision of an offender who is being supervised under this section when the offender is sixty-five years of age or older.
6.In accordance with section 217.040, the board may adopt rules relating to supervision and electronic monitoring of offenders under this section.
217.535 - Compact adopted — text — contract must comply.
The contract authorized by section 217.525 shall conform to the Interstate Corrections Compact which is hereby enacted as follows:
INTERSTATE CORRECTIONS COMPACT
Purpose and Policy
The party states, desiring by common action to fully utilize and improve their institutional facilities and provide adequate programs for the confinement, treatment and rehabilitation of various types of offenders, declare that it is the policy of each of the party states to provide such facilities and programs on a basis of cooperation with one another, thereby serving the best interests of such offenders and of society and effecting economies in capital expenditures and operational costs.The purpose of this compact is to provide for the mutual development and execution of such programs of cooperation for the confinement, treatment and rehabilitation of offenders with the most economical use of human and material resources.
As used in this compact, unless the context clearly requires otherwise:
(a)"State" means a state of the United States; the United States of America; a territory or possession of the United States; the District of Columbia; the commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
(b)"Sending state" means a state party to this compact in which conviction or court commitment was had.
(c)"Receiving state" means a state party to this compact to which an inmate is sent for confinement other than a state in which conviction or court commitment was had.
(d)"Inmate" means a male or female offender who is committed, under sentence to or confined in a penal or correctional institution.
(e)"Institution" means any penal or correctional facility, including but not limited to a facility for the mentally ill or mentally defective, in which inmates as defined in (d) above may lawfully be confined.
(a)Each party state may make one or more contracts with any one or more of the other party states for the confinement of inmates on behalf of a sending state in institutions situated within receiving states.Any such contract shall provide for:
2.Payments to be made to the receiving state by the sending state for inmate maintenance, extraordinary medical and dental expenses, and any participation in or receipt by inmates of rehabilitative or correctional services, facilities, programs or treatment not reasonably included as part of normal maintenance.
3.Participation in programs of inmate employment, if any; the disposition or crediting of any payments received by inmates on account thereof; and the crediting of proceeds from or disposal of any products resulting therefrom.
4.Delivery and retaking of inmates.
(a)Such other matters as may be necessary and appropriate to fix the obligations, responsibilities and rights of the sending and receiving states.
(b)The terms and provisions of this compact shall be a part of any contract entered into by the authority of or pursuant thereto, and nothing in any such contract shall be inconsistent therewith.
Procedures and Rights
(a)Whenever the duly constituted authorities in a state party to this compact, and which has entered into a contract pursuant to article III, shall decide that confinement in, or transfer of an inmate to, an institution within the territory of another party state is necessary or desirable in order to provide adequate quarters and care or an appropriate program of rehabilitation or treatment, said officials may direct that the confinement be within an institution within the territory of said other party state, the receiving state to act in that regard solely as agent for the sending state.
(b)The appropriate officials of any state party to this compact shall have access, at all reasonable times, to any institution in which it has a contractual right to confine inmates for the purpose of inspecting the facilities thereof and visiting such of its inmates as may be confined in the institution.
(c)Inmates confined in an institution pursuant to the terms of this compact shall at all times be subject to the jurisdiction of the sending state and may at any time be removed therefrom for transfer to a prison or other institution within the sending state, for transfer to another institution in which the sending state may have a contractual or other right to confine inmates, for release on probation or parole, for discharge, or for any other purpose permitted by the laws of the sending state; provided that the sending state shall continue to be obligated to such payments as may be required pursuant to the terms of any contract entered into under the terms of article III.
(d)Each receiving state shall provide regular reports to each sending state on the inmates of that sending state in institutions pursuant to this compact including a conduct record of each inmate and certify said record to the official designated by the sending state, in order that each inmate may have official review of his or her record in determining and altering the disposition of said inmate in accordance with the law which may obtain in the sending state and in order that the same may be a source of information for the sending state.
(e)All inmates who may be confined in an institution pursuant to the provisions of this compact shall be treated in a reasonable and humane manner and shall be treated equally with such similar inmates of the receiving state as may be confined in the same institution.The fact of confinement in a receiving state shall not deprive any inmate so confined of any legal rights which said inmate would have had if confined in an appropriate institution of the sending state.
(f)Any hearing or hearings to which an inmate confined pursuant to this compact may be entitled by the laws of the sending state may be had before the appropriate authorities of the sending state or of the receiving state if authorized by the sending state.The receiving state shall provide adequate facilities for such hearings as may be conducted by the appropriate officials of a sending state.In the event such hearing or hearings are had before officials of the receiving state, the governing law shall be that of the sending state and a record of the hearing or hearings as prescribed by the sending state shall be made.Said record together with any recommendations of the hearing officials shall be transmitted forthwith to the official or officials before whom the hearing would have been had if it had taken place in the sending state.In any and all proceedings had pursuant to the provisions of this subdivision, the officials of the receiving state shall act solely as agents of the sending state and no final determination shall be made in any matter except by the appropriate officials of the sending state.
(g)Any inmate confined pursuant to this compact shall be released within the territory of the sending state unless the inmate, and the sending and receiving states, shall agree upon release in some other place.The sending state shall bear the cost of such return to its territory.
(h)Any inmate confined pursuant to the terms of this compact shall have any and all rights to participate in and derive any benefits or incur or be relieved of any obligations or have such obligations modified or his status changed on account of any action or proceeding in which he could have participated if confined in any appropriate institution of the sending state located within such state.
(i)The parent, guardian, trustee, or other person or persons entitled under the laws of the sending state to act for, advise, or otherwise function with respect to any inmate shall not be deprived of or restricted in his exercise of any power in respect of any inmate confined pursuant to the terms of this compact.
Acts Not Reviewable in Receiving State Extradition
(a)Any decision of the sending state in respect of any matter over which it retains jurisdiction pursuant to this compact shall be conclusive upon and not reviewable within the receiving state, but if at the time the sending state seeks to remove an inmate from an institution in the receiving state there is pending against the inmate within such state any criminal charge or if the inmate is formally accused of having committed within such state a criminal offense, the inmate shall not be returned without the consent of the receiving state until discharged from prosecution or other forms of proceedings, imprisonment or detention for such offense.The duly accredited officers of the sending state shall be permitted to transport inmates pursuant to this compact through any and all states party to this compact without interference.
(b)An inmate who escapes from an institution in which he is confined pursuant to this compact shall be deemed a fugitive from the sending state and from the state in which the institution is situated.In the case of an escape to a jurisdiction other than the sending or receiving state, the responsibility for institution of extradition or rendition proceedings shall be that of the sending state, but nothing contained herein shall be construed to prevent or affect the activities of officers and agencies of any jurisdiction directed toward the apprehension and return of an escapee.
Any state party to this compact may accept federal aid for use in connection with any institution or program, the use of which is or may be affected by this compact or any contract pursuant hereto and any inmate in a receiving state pursuant to this compact may participate in any such federally aided program or activity for which the sending and receiving states have made contractual provision, provided that if such program or activity is not part of the customary correctional regimen the express consent of the appropriate official of the sending state shall be required therefor.
Entry into Force
This compact shall enter into force and become effective and binding upon the state so acting when it has been enacted into law by any two states.Thereafter, this compact shall enter into force and become effective and binding as to any other of said states upon similar action by such states.
Withdrawal and Termination
This compact shall continue in force and remain binding upon a party state until it shall have enacted a statute repealing the same and providing for the sending of formal written notice of withdrawal from the compact to the appropriate officials of all other party states.An actual withdrawal shall not take effect until one year after the notices provided in said statute have been sent.Such withdrawal shall not relieve the withdrawing state from its obligations assumed hereunder prior to the effective date of withdrawal.Before the effective date of withdrawal, a withdrawing state shall remove to its territory, at its own expense, such inmates as it may have confined pursuant to the provisions of this compact.
Other Arrangements Unaffected
Nothing contained in this compact shall be construed to abrogate or impair any agreement or other arrangement which a party state may have with a nonparty state for the confinement, rehabilitation or treatment of inmates nor to repeal any other laws of a party state authorizing the making of cooperative institutional arrangements.
Construction and Severability
The provisions of this compact shall be liberally construed and shall be severable.If any phrase, clause, sentence or provision of this compact is declared to be contrary to the constitution of any participating state or of the United States or the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of this compact and the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstance shall not be affected thereby.If this compact shall be held contrary to the constitution of any state participating therein, the compact shall remain in full force and effect as to the remaining states and in full force and effect as to the state affected as to all severable matters.
217.839 - Attorney general's powers and duties — assistance by certain officials required.
1.The attorney general of this state shall enforce the provisions of sections 217.825 to 217.841, except that the attorney general may request the prosecuting attorney of the county or city in which the offender was sentenced or the prosecuting attorney of the county or city in which any asset of an offender is located to make an investigation or assist in legal proceedings undertaken pursuant to the provisions of sections 217.825 to 217.841.
2.The sentencing judge, the sheriff, the county or city, the chief administrator of the state correctional center, and the state treasurer shall furnish to the attorney general or prosecuting attorney all information and assistance possible to enable the attorney general or prosecuting attorney to secure reimbursement for the state pursuant to the provisions of sections 217.825 to 217.841.
3.Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law protecting the confidentiality of any information possessed by the state, its officials and agencies, the secretary of state, the director of the department of revenue, the director of the department of social services, the director of the department of corrections, the director of the department of labor and industrial relations, the director of the department of public safety, and the commissioner of administration, and each division or agency within or assigned to such departments, shall provide the attorney general or prosecuting attorney with all information requested pursuant to the provisions of sections 217.825 to 217.841.
4.Any county or municipal official having custody of records of the estate or real property of any offender or former offender shall surrender said records or certified copies thereof without fee to the attorney general or prosecuting attorney who request such records pursuant to the provisions of sections 217.825 to 217.841.
217.435 - Work or educational release program.
1.The director may establish, at those correctional facilities he so designates, a program of work and educational release for those offenders who meet the standards established by department rules and regulations.
2.Each offender on work release shall pay a percentage of his wages, established by department rules, to a maximum of the per capita cost of offender support per month, to the department as maintenance.The money received from the inmate shall be deposited in the inmate fund and shall be expended pursuant to section 217.430.
3.All offenders in college educational release programs shall be responsible for their own school expenses.
217.361 - Risk and need assessment tools — department procedures, duties.
1.The department shall adopt streamlined, validated risk and need assessment tools for men and women, and review the tools and scoring cutoffs every five years for predictive validity across gender and racial groups.
2.This subsection applies to all programs operated with department funding.The department shall develop procedures to promote the use of:
(1)Risk and need assessment and appropriate risk and need levels to prioritize access to programs;
(2)Consistent criteria for admission into programs; and
(3)Recidivism measurement by risk and need level as part of assessing the effectiveness of programs.
3.For offenders under supervision, the department shall:
(1)Implement evidence-based cognitive-behavioral programs;
(2)Adopt behavior response policy guiding sanction and incentive responses; and
(3)Adopt policy for readministration of risk and need assessment tools to guide case management practices and supervision level.
4.For department staff in institutional and community settings, the department shall:
(1)Require periodic training on how to complete risk and need assessment tools and apply the results in making decisions affecting client interactions and program placements;
(2)Provide training on how to maximize client interactions and use of case plans; and
(3)Measure staff performance against best practices.
5.For community-based mental health treatment programs, the department shall adopt a protocol to collect data on quality assurance.
6.The department shall adopt performance metrics to report on supervision outcomes.
217.665 - Board members, appointment, qualifications — terms, vacancies — compensation, expenses — chairman, designation.
1.Beginning August 28, 1996, the parole board shall consist of seven members appointed by the governor by and with the advice and consent of the senate.
2.Beginning August 28, 1996, members of the board shall be persons of recognized integrity and honor, known to possess education and ability in decision making through career experience and other qualifications for the successful performance of their official duties.Not more than four members of the board shall be of the same political party.
3.At the expiration of the term of each member and of each succeeding member, the governor shall appoint a successor who shall hold office for a term of six years and until his successor has been appointed and qualified.Members may be appointed to succeed themselves.
4.Vacancies occurring in the office of any member shall be filled by appointment by the governor for the unexpired term.
5.The governor shall designate one member of the board as chairman and one member as vice chairman.The chairman shall establish the duties and responsibilities of the members of the board and supervise their performance and may require reports from any member as to his or her conduct and exercise of duties.In the event of the chairman's removal, death, resignation, or inability to serve, the vice chairman shall act as chairman upon written order of the governor or chairman.
6.Members of the board shall devote full time to the duties of their office and before taking office shall subscribe to an oath or affirmation to support the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the State of Missouri.The oath shall be signed in the office of the secretary of state.
7.The annual compensation for each member of the board whose term commenced before August 28, 1999, shall be forty-five thousand dollars plus any salary adjustment, including prior salary adjustments, provided pursuant to section 105.005*.Salaries for board members whose terms commence after August 27, 1999, shall be set as provided in section 105.950; provided, however, that the compensation of a board member shall not be increased during the member's term of office, except as provided in section 105.005.In addition to compensation provided by law, the members shall be entitled to reimbursement for necessary travel and other expenses incurred pursuant to section 33.090.
8.Any person who served as a member of the board of probation and parole prior to July 1, 2000, shall be made, constituted, appointed and employed by the board of trustees of the state employees' retirement system as a special consultant on the problems of retirement, aging and other state matters.As compensation for such services, such consultant shall not be denied use of any unused sick leave, or the ability to receive credit for unused sick leave pursuant to chapter 104, provided such sick leave was maintained by the board of probation and parole in the regular course of business prior to July 1, 2000, but only to the extent of such sick leave records are consistent with the rules promulgated pursuant to section 36.350.Nothing in this section shall authorize the use of any other form of leave that may have been maintained by the board prior to July 1, 2000.
217.682 - Secretary to be appointed, duties.
The board shall appoint a secretary who shall serve at the pleasure of the board.It shall be the duty of the secretary to keep a full and true record of all books, documents and papers ordered filed and of all orders made, approved and confirmed by it.It shall be the responsibility of the secretary to provide administrative assistance to the board as it deems appropriate and necessary to carry out the goals of the board.
217.465 - Escape by offender, effect of.
Escape from custody by any offender subsequent to his execution of a request for final disposition of an untried indictment, information or complaint shall void the request.
217.565 - Director to provide plants, machinery and materials — distribution of products.
1.The director in compliance with the provisions of chapters 8 and 34 shall purchase, lease, or otherwise provide suitable plants, machinery and equipment and purchase materials to put the vocational enterprise programs into effect.The department may lease or purchase lands and buildings for the operation and administration of the vocational enterprises program.
2.The director may lease farm properties under the department's control on terms and amounts which are fair and reasonable.All moneys received pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the working capital revolving fund.
3.The department may purchase in accordance with chapter 34 such raw materials as may be required for any industry service or agribusiness operation now or hereafter carried on by the department and may employ such outside help as may be necessary.
4.The commissioner of administration may waive competitive bids and purchase required supplies for vocational enterprises on the open market if they can be so purchased at a better price or for delivery necessary to meet a current production requirement of vocational enterprises.The commissioner of administration may also purchase on the open market used equipment for the manufacturing, service, vocational training, or agribusiness operations of vocational enterprises if the department director certifies that the purchase price of such equipment is equal to or lower than the current market value of such equipment.
5.The department shall be responsible for all articles manufactured, services provided, or products grown or processed by the vocational enterprises program, and shall act as a distributing agent for the manufacturing, service and production carried on in its correctional centers, with authority to appoint agents or salespersons.The director shall be responsible for the operation and maintenance of the factories, services, vocational training, and agribusiness and shall establish such rules and regulations as are deemed necessary.
217.165 - Chief administrative officers of each correctional center, appointment.
The department director shall in accordance with chapter 36 appoint for each correctional center a chief administrative officer.
217.265 - Visitors, regulation of — clergymen's privileges.
1.Except as provided in subsections 2 and 3 of this section, no person shall be permitted to enter a correctional center except by special permission of the chief administrative officer of the facility, the division director, the department director or under such regulations as they shall prescribe.
2.The following persons shall be authorized to visit the correctional centers of the state at any time:all authorized employees of the department, the governor, lieutenant governor, members of the general assembly, judges of the supreme court, courts of appeal, and circuit courts, attorney general, state auditor, state treasurer, secretary of state, director of public safety, adjutant general, commissioners of elementary and secondary and higher education, and circuit and prosecuting attorneys.The assistants of all above-named officers shall be authorized to visit correctional centers at any reasonable time as specifically authorized by their superiors and in accordance with regulations established by the department.
3.All clergymen of every recognized denomination shall have access to the correctional centers and may visit any offender confined in a facility, subject to such rules as may be deemed necessary for maintaining security and safety in the correctional center.Such clergy may administer the rites and ceremonies of the church to which they belong, if such offender desires it and it is in compliance with department rules.
217.138 - Construction of correctional centers by private entities for state and political subdivisions — housing of state's offenders in city or county jails, costs.
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the department, or any city or county or any combination of cities or counties or cities and counties after notification to the department, may contract with private entities for the construction of correctional centers.The department may also contract with any city or county to place sentenced offenders with such city or county for housing and maintenance for the remainder of their sentence at a cost to be determined between the contracting parties.
217.365 - Offenders not to carry money, exceptions, violations, treated as contraband.
No offender while confined in any correctional center of the department, except those offenders so authorized by the chief administrative officer of a particular center, shall be permitted to have on his person, in his cell, or in his immediate possession, any money or legal tender of any description.Such money or legal tender shall be considered contraband under the rules and regulations of the department.Such contraband shall be confiscated and deposited in the inmate canteen fund and expended pursuant to section 217.195.
217.030 - Directors of divisions and chairman of parole board, appointment — appointment of general personnel.
The director shall appoint the directors of the divisions of the department, except the chairman of the parole board who shall be appointed by the governor.Division directors shall serve at the pleasure of the director, except the chairman of the parole board who shall serve in the capacity of chairman at the pleasure of the governor.The director of the department shall be the appointing authority under chapter 36 to employ such administrative, technical and other personnel who may be assigned to the department generally rather than to any of the department divisions or facilities and whose employment is necessary for the performance of the powers and duties of the department.
217.130 - Living quarters furnished to employees, fees.
The department may provide any employee in any correctional center under its control with living quarters on the grounds of its correctional centers.A fee shall be charged based on a rate schedule established by the department.
217.330 - Department to conduct tests — assignment of offender.
1.The department shall conduct such testing and other diagnostic examinations as may by rule be established by the director and shall assign the offender to the appropriate correctional center.
2.The reception and diagnostic centers shall deliver to the correctional center to which the offender is assigned a report of its findings and appropriate recommendations.
217.230 - Health care services for correctional centers.
The director shall arrange for necessary health care services for offenders confined in correctional centers.
217.730 - Parole time as time of imprisonment, exception — final discharge — procedure to register to vote.
1.The period served on parole, except for judicial parole granted or revoked pursuant to section 559.100, shall be deemed service of the term of imprisonment and, subject to the provisions of section 217.720 relating to an offender who is or has been a fugitive from justice, the total time served may not exceed the maximum term or sentence.
2.When an offender on parole or conditional release, before the expiration of the term for which the offender was sentenced, has performed the obligation of his parole for such time as satisfies the board that his final release is not incompatible with the best interest of society and the welfare of the individual, the board may make a final order of discharge and issue a certificate of discharge to the offender.No such order of discharge shall be made in any case less than three years after the date on which the offender was paroled or conditionally released except where the sentence expires earlier.
3.Upon final discharge, persons shall be informed in writing on the process and procedure to register to vote.
217.530 - Convicted offender not to be transferred to state where wanted for crime.
No part of this law may be used to transfer a Missouri convicted offender against his will from Missouri to a state where he is wanted for the commission of any criminal offense.
217.430 - Residential treatment centers and community based sanctions — assignment of offenders — contracts to establish, provisions, locations — payments, how made — inmates fund established, use — regulation of inmates.
1.The director may contract with private or public organizations and correctional facilities operated by other political subdivisions in this state having suitable facilities for the establishment of residential treatment facilities and other community-based sanctions where persons committed to the custody and supervision of the department may be housed and supervised outside of regularly established departmental correctional centers.
2.Contracts under this section shall include the following minimum conditions:
(1)The contracting parties shall agree to implement a program for each offender assigned to a residential treatment facility or other community-based sanction.The program shall be prepared in cooperation with the department and shall take into consideration the needs and abilities of the individual;
(2)Provision shall be made for inspection of the facilities used under the contract on a regular basis by a full-time employee of the department to assure adherence to the programs and maintenance of adequate health and conduct standards;
(3)Payment for housing and supervision shall be made on a monthly basis.The director shall obligate no more than the amount appropriated in each fiscal year's budget for such services;
(4)Offenders assigned to residential treatment facilities or other community-based sanctions shall be encouraged to seek outside employment and shall be required to pay a percentage of their earned wages established by the director to a maximum amount not to exceed the average daily per capita costs for maintenance of all persons committed to the department during the previous fiscal year.All moneys received from the offenders shall be paid into the state treasury and credited to the "Inmate Fund", which is hereby created.This fund shall be supervised by the director and all expenditures therefrom shall be approved by the director.The funds shall be used as provided by appropriation, to support offenders in education programs, drug treatment programs, residential treatment facilities, other community-based sanctions, electronic monitoring, or in work or educational release programs;
(5)Offenders assigned to residential treatment facilities or other community-based sanctions shall be governed by the same laws and department, division, and correctional center rules as apply to all persons committed to the department.Individuals assigned to a residential treatment facility or other community-based sanctions from a department facility may be returned to a correctional center of the department for infractions of rules or failure to comply with a release program;
(6)No residential treatment facility may be located in any unincorporated area of a county or within a city where the zoning is for single-family residency use or occupancy, without prior approval of the governing body of the county or city.
217.120 - Bribery or receipt of gifts from prisoners by officers or employees of department, penalty — duty to report, failure, effect — director to investigate and report, when.
1.Any employee of the department who receives, under any pretense, from any offender or offender's family, any services, legal tender or article of value not authorized by the department shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
2.Any employee of the department who, directly or indirectly, receives anything of value for procuring, or attempting or assisting to procure, the pardon or parole of any offender shall be guilty of a class B felony.
3.Any employee of the department who becomes aware of a violation of this section shall report such knowledge to the director.Failure to do so shall be grounds for dismissal, or other appropriate disciplinary action.
4.If the director has cause to believe that any violation of this section has occurred, he shall investigate the matter and report the facts, together with the names of the witnesses, to the prosecuting attorney of the county in which the offense occurred or to the circuit attorney of any city not within a county.
217.020 - Department's powers and duties.
The department shall:
(1)Supervise and control programs assigned to it and any of its divisions by the general assembly;
(2)Have the authority to sue and be sued;
(3)Advise, consult and cooperate with other state agencies, local governmental units, private entities, other states and interstate and interlocal agencies in developing and implementing programs to fulfill the department's responsibilities.
217.220 - Death sentence commutation, admittance to correctional center.
The director shall at all times receive into the department, on order of the governor, any person convicted of any crime punishable with death.If the governor commutes the sentence to imprisonment either for life or for a term of years in a correctional center, as provided by law, the offender shall be confined according to the terms of the commutation.
217.320 - Identification systems, officers not liable for acts done in enforcing law.
No one having the custody of any offender, and no one acting in his aid or under his direction, and no one concerned in such publication shall incur any liability, civil or criminal, for anything lawfully done under the provisions of section 217.315.
217.720 - Arrest of person paroled or on conditional release — report — procedure — revocation of parole or release — effect of sentence — arrest of parolee from another state.
1.At any time during release on parole or conditional release the division of probation and parole may issue a warrant for the arrest of a released offender for violation of any of the conditions of parole or conditional release.The warrant shall authorize any law enforcement officer to return the offender to the actual custody of the correctional center from which the offender was released, or to any other suitable facility designated by the division.If any parole or probation officer has probable cause to believe that such offender has violated a condition of parole or conditional release, the probation or parole officer may issue a warrant for the arrest of the offender.The probation or parole officer may effect the arrest or may deputize any officer with the power of arrest to do so by giving the officer a copy of the warrant which shall outline the circumstances of the alleged violation and contain the statement that the offender has, in the judgment of the probation or parole officer, violated conditions of parole or conditional release.The warrant delivered with the offender by the arresting officer to the official in charge of any facility designated by the division to which the offender is brought shall be sufficient legal authority for detaining the offender.After the arrest the parole or probation officer shall present to the detaining authorities a similar statement of the circumstances of violation.Pending hearing as hereinafter provided, upon any charge of violation, the offender shall remain in custody or incarcerated without consideration of bail.
2.If the offender is arrested under the authority granted in subsection 1 of this section, the offender shall have the right to a preliminary hearing on the violation charged unless the offender waives such hearing.Upon such arrest and detention, the parole or probation officer shall immediately notify the board and shall submit in writing a report showing in what manner the offender has violated the conditions of his parole or conditional release.The board shall order the offender discharged from such facility, require as a condition of parole or conditional release the placement of the offender in a treatment center operated by the department of corrections, or shall cause the offender to be brought before it for a hearing on the violation charged, under such rules and regulations as the board may adopt.If the violation is established and found, the board may continue or revoke the parole or conditional release, or enter such other order as it may see fit.If no violation is established and found, then the parole or conditional release shall continue.If at any time during release on parole or conditional release the offender is arrested for a crime which later leads to conviction, and sentence is then served outside the Missouri department of corrections, the board shall determine what part, if any, of the time from the date of arrest until completion of the sentence imposed is counted as time served under the sentence from which the offender was paroled or conditionally released.
3.An offender for whose return a warrant has been issued by the division shall, if it is found that the warrant cannot be served, be deemed to be a fugitive from justice or to have fled from justice.If it shall appear that the offender has violated the provisions and conditions of his parole or conditional release, the board shall determine whether the time from the issuing date of the warrant to the date of his arrest on the warrant, or continuance on parole or conditional release shall be counted as time served under the sentence.In all other cases, time served on parole or conditional release shall be counted as time served under the sentence.
4.At any time during parole or probation, the division may issue a warrant for the arrest of any person from another jurisdiction, the visitation and supervision of whom the division has undertaken pursuant to the provisions of the interstate compact for the supervision of parolees and probationers authorized in section 217.810, for violation of any of the conditions of release, or a notice to appear to answer a charge of violation.The notice shall be served personally upon the person.The warrant shall authorize any law enforcement officer to return the offender to any suitable detention facility designated by the division.Any parole or probation officer may arrest such person without a warrant, or may deputize any other officer with power of arrest to do so by issuing a written statement setting forth that the defendant has, in the judgment of the parole or probation officer, violated the conditions of his release.The written statement delivered with the person by the arresting officer to the official in charge of the detention facility to which the person is brought shall be sufficient legal authority for detaining him.After making an arrest the parole or probation officer shall present to the detaining authorities a similar statement of the circumstances of violation.
217.420 - Surgery, general anesthetic not authorized for offender without consent or court order, exceptions, emergencies — treatment against religious beliefs, when allowed.
1.Except in case of an emergency, the department shall not authorize or permit any major surgery to be performed upon or general anesthetic to be administered to any offender committed to the department unless specific written consent thereto shall first have been obtained from the offender or his parent or legal guardian if he is a minor, or, in the absence of such consent, from the court which vested legal custody of such offender in the department or the circuit court of the county where the offender is located.
2.Upon the recommendation of an attending physician, psychiatrist, psychologist, surgeon or dentist, the department may authorize medical, psychiatric, psychological, surgical or dental care and treatment, respectively, as may be required by the condition of the offender.If the care and treatment is contrary to the religious tenets and beliefs of such offender, the treatment of such offender may be authorized by the department only upon the specific written consent of the offender, or his parent or legal guardian if he is a minor, or, in the absence of such consent, upon the specific written order of the court which vested legal custody of the offender in the department or the circuit court of the county where the offender's correctional center is located.
3.When the offender has been placed in a correctional center other than one administered by the department, the person or persons administering such facility shall have the authority to provide the offender with necessary medical, psychiatric, psychological, surgical or dental care only to the extent that such authority has been delegated to such persons with respect to particular offenders and subject to such limitations as may be prescribed by law.
217.520 - Governor to designate administrator.
The governor shall designate a central administrator of and information agent for the agreement on detainers.
217.675 - Handbook of rules governing conduct of parolees furnished to whom, duties of board.
The members of the board shall prepare and cause to be published a handbook containing all rules, regulations, and suggestions governing the conduct of parolees.Handbooks shall be furnished to all parolees and to any employer of a parolee who requests it.The handbook shall be continuously revised and updated by the board.
217.692 - Eligibility for parole, offenders with life sentence, when — criteria.
1.Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, any offender incarcerated in a correctional institution serving any sentence of life with no parole for fifty years or life without parole, whose plea of guilt was entered or whose trial commenced prior to December 31, 1990, and who:
(1)Pleaded guilty to or was found guilty of a homicide of a spouse or domestic partner;
(2)Has no prior violent felony convictions;
(3)No longer has a cognizable legal claim or legal recourse; and
(4)Has a history of being a victim of continual and substantial physical or sexual domestic violence that was not presented as an affirmative defense at trial or sentencing and such history can be corroborated with evidence of facts or circumstances which existed at the time of the alleged physical or sexual domestic violence of the offender, including but not limited to witness statements, hospital records, social services records, and law enforcement records;
shall be eligible for parole after having served fifteen years of such sentence when the board determines by using the guidelines established by this section that there is a strong and reasonable probability that the person will not thereafter violate the law.
2.The board of probation and parole shall give a thorough review of the case history and prison record of any offender described in subsection 1 of this section.At the end of the board's review, the board shall provide the offender with a copy of a statement of reasons for its parole decision.
3.Any offender released under the provisions of this section shall be under the supervision of the parole board for an amount of time to be determined by the board.
4.The parole board shall consider, but not be limited to the following criteria when making its parole decision:
(1)Length of time served;
(2)Prison record and self-rehabilitation efforts;
(3)Whether the history of the case included corroborative material of physical, sexual, mental, or emotional abuse of the offender, including but not limited to witness statements, hospital records, social service records, and law enforcement records;
(4)If an offer of a plea bargain was made and if so, why the offender rejected or accepted the offer;
(5)Any victim information outlined in subsection 8* of section 217.690 and section 595.209;
(6)The offender's continued claim of innocence;
(7)The age and maturity of the offender at the time of the board's decision;
(8)The age and maturity of the offender at the time of the crime and any contributing influence affecting the offender's judgment;
(9)The presence of a workable parole plan; and
(10)Community and family support.
5.Nothing in this section shall limit the review of any offender's case who is eligible for parole prior to fifteen years, nor shall it limit in any way the parole board's power to grant parole prior to fifteen years.
6.Nothing in this section shall limit the review of any offender's case who has applied for executive clemency, nor shall it limit in any way the governor's power to grant clemency.
7.It shall be the responsibility of the offender to petition the board for a hearing under this section.
8.A person commits the crime of perjury if he or she, with the purpose to deceive, knowingly makes a false witness statement to the board.Perjury under this section shall be a class D felony.
9.In cases where witness statements alleging physical or sexual domestic violence are in conflict as to whether such violence occurred or was continual and substantial in nature, the history of such alleged violence shall be established by other corroborative evidence in addition to witness statements, as provided by subsection 1 of this section.A contradictory statement of the victim shall not be deemed a conflicting statement for purposes of this section.
217.575 - Sales of goods or services to state or political subdivisions — promotion — price — certification of nonavailability required for state purchases, when.
1.All goods manufactured, services provided or produce of the vocational enterprises program of the state shall, upon the requisition of the proper official, be furnished to the state, to any public institution owned, managed or controlled by the state, or to any private entity that is leasing space to any agency of the state government for use in space leased to the state agency, at such prices as shall be determined as provided in subsection 4 of this section.
2.No goods or services so manufactured, provided or produced shall be purchased from any other source for the state or public institutions of the state unless the department shall certify the goods or services included in the requisition cannot be furnished or supplied by the vocational enterprises program within ninety days, or, in the event the same goods or services cannot be procured on the open market within ninety days, that the vocational enterprises program cannot supply them within a reasonable time.No claims for the payment of such goods or services shall be audited or paid without this certificate.One copy each of the requisition or certificate shall be retained by the department.
3.The division of purchasing and the division of facilities management, design and construction shall cooperate with the department in seeking to promote for use by state agencies and in state-owned or -occupied facilities the products manufactured and services provided by the vocational enterprises program.
4.The vocational enterprises program shall fix and determine the prices at which goods and produce so manufactured and produced and services so provided shall be furnished, and the prices shall be uniform to all.The cost shall not be fixed at more than the market price for like goods and services.
5.Any differences between the vocational enterprises program and the state, its departments, divisions, agencies, institutions, or the political subdivisions of the state as to style, design, price or quality of goods shall be submitted to arbitrators whose decision shall be final.One of the arbitrators shall be named by the program, one by the office, department, political subdivision or institution concerned, and one by agreement of the other two.The arbitrators shall receive no compensation; however, their necessary expenses shall be paid by the office, department, political subdivision or institution against which the award is given, or, in the event of a compromise decision, by both parties, the amount to be paid by each party in portions to be determined by the arbitrators.
6.The vocational enterprises program may sell office systems and furniture to any department, agency, or institution of the state or any political subdivision of the state either through outright purchase or through payment plan agreement, including handling charges, over a specified number of months contingent on the solvency of the working capital revolving fund.Prior approval shall be required by the division of facilities management, design and construction for state agencies in situations where the office of administration controlled state-owned office space is involved and space in which a lease contract executed by the office of administration is in effect.
217.592 - Plasmapheresis program may be established as private enterprise on institution grounds — inmate employment, wages.
1.Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law to the contrary, the director may acquire from or lease one or more buildings or portions of buildings on the grounds of any correctional center, together with the real estate needed for reasonable access to and egress from the leased building, for a term to be decided upon by the director and the lessee, to a private individual, firm, corporation, or other lawful entity for the purpose of establishing and operating a plasmapheresis program.
2.Subject to the approval by the director, any corporation operating a plasmapheresis program under this section may employ and discharge from such employment selected offenders of the correctional center where it operates.
3.The authority of the director over the correctional centers of the department and the offenders in such correctional centers shall not be diminished by this section.
4.The plasmapheresis program when operated from or within any correctional center under the department shall be deemed a vocational enterprise.
217.475 - Director of division of adult institutions to inform prisoner of the law in writing.
The director shall arrange for all offenders to be informed in writing of the provisions of sections 217.450 to 217.485 and for a record of such writing to be placed in the offender's file.
217.092 - Leased prison space, deposit of payments.
Any payments received by the department of corrections for the leasing of state prison space pursuant to section 217.043 shall be deposited to the credit of the general revenue fund.
217.075 - Offender records, public records, exceptions — inspection of, when — medical records, available, when — copies admissible as evidence — violations, penalty.
1.All offender records compiled, obtained, prepared or maintained by the department or its divisions shall be designated public records within the meaning of chapter 610 except:
(1)Any information, report, record or other document pertaining to an offender's personal medical history, which shall be a closed record;
(2)Any information, report, record or other document in the control of the department or its divisions authorized by federal or state law to be a closed record;
(3)Any internal administrative report or document relating to institutional security.
2.The court of jurisdiction, or the department, may at their discretion permit the inspection of the department reports or parts of such reports by the offender, whenever the court or department determines that such inspection is in the best interest or welfare of the offender.
3.Department records may be automated and made available to:
(1)Treatment agencies working with the department in the treatment of the offender;
(2)Law enforcement agencies; or
(3)Qualified persons and organizations for research, evaluative, and statistical purposes under written agreements reasonably designed to ensure the security and confidentiality of the information and the protection of the privacy interests of the individuals who are subjects of the records.
4.No department employee shall have access to any material closed by this section unless such access is necessary for the employee to carry out his duties.The department by rule shall determine what department employees or other persons shall have access to closed records and the procedures needed to maintain the confidentiality of such closed records.
5.No person, association, firm, corporation or other agency shall knowingly solicit, disclose, receive, publish, make use of, authorize, permit, participate in or acquiesce in the use of any name or lists of names for commercial or political purposes of any nature in violation of this section.
6.All health care providers and hospitals who have cared for offenders during the period of the offender's incarceration shall provide a copy of all medical records in their possession related to such offender upon demand from the department's health care administrator.The department shall provide reasonable compensation for the cost of such copies and no health care provider shall be liable for breach of confidentiality when acting pursuant to this subsection.
7.Copies of all papers, documents, or records compiled, obtained, prepared or maintained by the department or its divisions, properly certified by the appropriate division, shall be admissible as evidence in all courts and in all administrative tribunals in the same manner and with like effect as the originals, whenever the papers, documents, or records are either designated by the department of corrections as public records within the meaning of chapter 610 or are declared admissible as evidence by a court of competent jurisdiction or administrative tribunal of competent jurisdiction.
8.Any person found guilty of violating the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
217.175 - Rules and regulations, division director's authority to promulgate.
The division directors shall make such rules, regulations and orders as are proper and necessary for the management of the correctional centers and programs under their control.
217.128 - Employee held hostage eligible for paid leave of absence.
In the event that an employee of the department is determined to have been held hostage, the employee shall be eligible for paid leave of absence for a period of up to sixty days, as determined by a licensed physician, psychiatrist, or licensed psychologist to be necessary for recovery from stress.Such paid leave shall not be charged against any of the employee's vacation or other accumulated leave accounts.
217.375 - Administrative segregation, grounds for — review hearing required — records to be kept — access to medical personnel.
1.When an offender is an immediate security risk, or an offender is violent, struggling and creating sufficient disturbance to indicate he is not in control of himself, or an offender is physically violent, or an offender is in urgent need to be separated from others for his own safety or that of others, or for the security and good order of the correctional facility, the chief administrative officer of the correctional facility or his designee may immediately place the offender in an administrative segregation unit which shall be situated so that the segregation of such offender from the other offenders of the correctional facility is complete.A review hearing shall be held concerning the incident within five working days.
2.A review hearing shall be held for each offender detained in administrative segregation thirty days after the initial period of confinement and every ninety days thereafter.The chief administrative officer of the facility shall keep records of the names of all those offenders confined to administrative segregation, the reason for such confinement, the length of time confined in administrative segregation and any other information required by his division director.
3.Offenders held in administrative segregation shall have access to medical personnel.
4.A review hearing pursuant to this section is not a contested case pursuant to the provisions of chapter 536.
217.275 - Carrying letters or writings without authorization prohibited, penalty.
1.Only those persons designated to do so by the chief administrative officer of a correctional center shall bring into or carry out of any correctional center under the control of the department any letter, writing, or thing of value to or from any offender.
2.Anyone who violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
217.300 - Reception and diagnostic centers for classification of prisoners to be established.
1.The department shall establish reception and diagnostic centers for persons committed to the department.
2.All commitments shall be made to the department. Offenders shall be delivered to the center designated by the director.
3.Such centers shall be responsible for the study, evaluation, and classification of all persons committed to the department.
217.100 - Director may enter into agreement for services to department by other state departments or agencies.
The director of the department may enter into agreements with other state departments or agencies to provide services to the department.Legal custody of an offender who receives services outside a correctional center shall remain with the department.
217.400 - Furnishing unfit food to offenders, penalty.
1.A person commits the offense of furnishing unfit food to offenders if he does any of the following:
(1)Knowingly furnishes or delivers any diseased, putrid or otherwise unwholesome meat from any animal or fowl that was diseased or otherwise unfit for food to any correctional center operated or funded by the department;
(2)Knowingly furnishes or delivers any other unwholesome food, vegetables or provisions whatsoever to such correctional centers to be used as food by the offenders in such correctional centers;
(3)Knowingly receives or consents to receive as an employee of such correctional center any diseased or unwholesome meat, food or provisions.
2.Furnishing unfit food to offenders is a class E felony.
217.500 - Enforcement and cooperation required of whom.
All courts, departments, agencies, officers and employees of this state and its political subdivisions are hereby directed to enforce the agreement on detainers and to cooperate with one another and with other party states in enforcing the agreement and effectuating its purpose.
217.151 - Restraints, use of on pregnant offenders — definitions — extraordinary circumstances — requirements.
1.As used in this section, the following terms shall mean:
(1)"Extraordinary circumstance", a substantial flight risk or some other extraordinary medical or security circumstance that dictates restraints be used to ensure the safety and security of a pregnant offender in her third trimester, a postpartum offender forty-eight hours postdelivery, the staff of the correctional center or medical facility, other offenders, or the public;
(2)"Labor", the period of time before a birth during which contractions are present;
(3)"Postpartum", the period of recovery immediately following childbirth, which is six weeks for a vaginal birth or eight weeks for a cesarean birth, or longer if so determined by a physician or nurse;
(4)"Restraints", any physical restraint or other device used to control the movement of a person's body or limbs.
2.Unless extraordinary circumstances exist as determined by a corrections officer, a correctional center shall not use restraints on a pregnant offender in her third trimester during transportation to and from visits to health care providers or court proceedings, or during medical appointments and examinations, labor, delivery, or forty-eight hours postdelivery.
3.In the event a corrections officer determines that extraordinary circumstances exist and restraints are necessary, the corrections officer shall fully document in writing within forty-eight hours of the incident the reasons he or she determined such extraordinary circumstances existed, the type of restraints used, and the reasons those restraints were considered the least restrictive available and the most reasonable under the circumstances.Such documents shall be kept on file by the correctional center for at least ten years from the date the restraints were used.
4.Any time restraints are used on a pregnant offender in her third trimester or on a postpartum offender forty-eight hours postdelivery, the restraints shall be the least restrictive available and the most reasonable under the circumstances.In no case shall leg, ankle, or waist restraints or any mechanical restraints be used on any such offender, and if wrist restraints are used, such restraints shall be placed in the front of such offender's body to protect the offender and unborn child in the case of a forward fall.
5.If a doctor, nurse, or other health care provider treating the pregnant offender in her third trimester or the postpartum offender forty-eight hours postdelivery requests that restraints not be used, the corrections officer accompanying such offender shall immediately remove all restraints.
6.Pregnant offenders shall be transported in vehicles equipped with seatbelts.
7.The sentencing and corrections oversight commission established under section 217.147 and the advisory committee established under section 217.015 shall conduct biannual reviews of every report written on the use of restraints on a pregnant offender in her third trimester or on a postpartum offender forty-eight hours postdelivery in accordance with subsection 3 of this section to determine compliance with this section.The written reports shall be kept on file by the department for ten years.
8.The chief administrative officer, or equivalent position, of each correctional center shall:
(1)Ensure that employees of the correctional center are provided with training, which may include online training, on the provisions of this section and section 217.147; and
(2)Inform female offenders, in writing and orally, of any policies and practices developed in accordance with this section upon admission to the correctional center, including policies and practices in any offender handbook, and post the policies and practices in locations in the correctional center where such notices are commonly posted and will be seen by female offenders, including common housing areas and health care facilities.
9.The provisions of this section shall apply only to the department of corrections.
217.555 - Advisory board, created, members, appointment, qualifications — duties — compensation.
1.There is hereby created and established an "Advisory Board of Vocational Enterprises Program" consisting of the director of the division of offender rehabilitative services or his designee, who shall serve as chairman, the vocational enterprises administrator and three members representing organized labor and three members representing manufacturing interests, one member who is qualified by education and experience in criminology, and one member who is qualified by education and experience in vocational rehabilitation.The public board members shall be appointed by the department director for a term of four years, with appointments to this board made so that two members' terms expire each year.The commissioner of administration or his designee, and the governor or his designee, shall serve as ex officio members of the board.
2.The board shall meet at least quarterly at the call of the chairman.
3.The board shall provide the director advice and counsel on proper planning and programs for the vocational enterprises program within the department and shall make recommendations concerning the services to be provided and the articles manufactured, including style, design, and quality, as well as for economy and efficiency in their manufacture.New industries and agribusiness operations may be established or terminated at the discretion of the director.
4.The members of the board, other than the chairman, and ex officio members, shall receive compensation at the rate of one hundred dollars plus all actual and necessary expenses for each day they are engaged in the discharge of their official duties.
217.455 - Director of division of adult institutions to transmit information and request.
The request provided for in section 217.450 shall be delivered to the director, who shall forthwith:
(1)Certify the term of commitment under which the offender is being held, the time already served, the time remaining to be served on the sentence, the time of parole eligibility of the offender, and any decisions of the state board of probation and parole relating to the offender; and
(2)Send by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, one copy of the request and certificate to the court and one copy to the prosecuting attorney to whom it is addressed.
217.655 - Parole board, general duties — division duties.
1.The parole board shall be responsible for determining whether a person confined in the department shall be paroled or released conditionally as provided by section 558.011.The board shall receive administrative support from the division of probation and parole.The division of probation and parole shall provide supervision to all persons referred by the circuit courts of the state as provided by sections 217.750 and 217.760.The board shall exercise independence in making decisions about individual cases, but operate cooperatively within the department and with other agencies, officials, courts, and stakeholders to achieve systemic improvement including the requirements of this section.
2.The board shall adopt parole guidelines to:
(1)Preserve finite prison capacity for the most serious and violent offenders;
(2)Release supervision-manageable cases consistent with section 217.690;
(3)Use finite resources guided by validated risk and needs assessments;
(4)Support a seamless reentry process;
(5)Set appropriate conditions of supervision; and
(6)Develop effective strategies for responding to violation behaviors.
3.The board shall collect, analyze, and apply data in carrying out its responsibilities to achieve its mission and end goals.The board shall establish agency performance and outcome measures that are directly responsive to statutory responsibilities and consistent with agency goals for release decisions, supervision, revocation, recidivism, and caseloads.
4.The board shall publish parole data, including grant rates, revocation and recidivism rates, length of time served, and successful supervision completions, and other performance metrics.
5.The board shall provide for appropriate training to members and staff, including communication skills.
6.The division of probation and parole shall provide such programs as necessary to carry out its responsibilities consistent with its goals and statutory obligations.
217.755 - Probation services for courts, rules authorized.
The division of probation and parole shall adopt general rules and regulations, in accordance with section 217.040, concerning the conditions of probation applicable to cases in the courts for which it provides probation service.Nothing herein, however, shall limit the authority of the court to impose or modify any general or specific conditions of probation.
217.355 - Education programs established, what included, enrollment required, when.
1.The department shall develop and implement a plan of instruction for the education of offenders.
2.The educational plan shall include:
(1)The accepted curricula for the first to twelfth grades in elementary and high school instruction;
(2)Courses in vocational training best designed to equip offenders for useful occupations upon discharge from the correctional facilities to which they were committed;
(3)The maintenance of adequate library facilities in each correctional center for the use and benefit of the offenders in such centers.
3.The state department of elementary and secondary education and department of higher education shall cooperate with the department concerning the operation and improvement of the educational program by giving such advice, counsel and information as will enable the program to meet the standards and requirements set for other public and vocational schools of the state.
4.The department shall require, by January 1, 2001, all general population offenders who have not obtained a high school education or its equivalent to be enrolled in basic educational programs offered by the department.
217.255 - Compensation of offenders for labor, academic or vocational classes — hours of work, exceptions — payment to state or crime victims' compensation fund, when.
1.The division shall adopt rules and regulations for establishing in each of the correctional centers a system of compensation to the offenders confined in the correctional centers, which shall provide for the compensation of each offender for work or services performed and for satisfactory performance in academic or vocational education classes during confinement.
2.The division shall prepare graduated wage schedules for payment of compensation to offenders.
3.Eight hours of work per day shall normally constitute a day of labor for each offender unless there is an emergency situation or otherwise approved by the division director or the chief administrative officer.
4.The director shall have the authority to pay into the crime victims' compensation fund from an offender's compensation or account, the amount owed by the offender to the crime victims' compensation fund, provided that the offender has failed to pay the amount owed to the fund prior to entering a department correctional center.
5.The department shall have the authority to remove from the offender's compensation or account such sums as may be deemed reasonable and proper as restitution for the offender's willful or malicious damage or destruction of state property.
6.Offenders shall only receive compensation for work performed which has been approved by the director or the chief administrative officer of the correctional center at which the offender is assigned.Any compensation received for unapproved work may be confiscated and credited to the crime victims' compensation fund.
217.800 - Pardons by governor — conditions and restrictions — notice to central repository.
1.In all cases in which the governor is authorized by the constitution to grant pardons, he may grant the same, with such conditions and under such restrictions as he may think proper.
2.All applications for pardon, commutation of sentence or reprieve shall be referred to the board for investigation.The board shall investigate each such case and submit to the governor a report of its investigation, with all other information the board may have relating to the applicant together with any recommendations the board deems proper to make.
3.The department of corrections shall notify the central repository, as provided in sections 43.500 to 43.530, of any action of the governor granting a pardon, commutation of sentence, or reprieve.
217.055 - Volunteer program requirements — coverage as unpaid employees by legal expense fund and workers' compensation — use of state vehicles — expenses.
1.The department and its divisions are authorized to develop effective citizen involvement to recruit, train and accept the services of volunteers, to supplement the programs administered by the department or its divisions.
2.Volunteers recruited, trained, or accepted by the department or its divisions shall comply with applicable department or division policy regulations.
3.Each division utilizing the services of volunteers shall:
(1)Provide staff as deemed necessary for the effective management and development of volunteer programs;
(2)Take such actions as are necessary and appropriate to develop meaningful opportunities for citizen involvement in department-administered programs;
(3)Develop and provide to all volunteers written rules governing the job descriptions, recruitment, screening, training, responsibility, utilization, and supervision of volunteers;
(4)Take such actions as are necessary to ensure that volunteers understand their duties and responsibilities;
(5)Take such actions as are necessary and appropriate to ensure a receptive climate for citizen involvement;
(6)Provide for the recognition of volunteers who have offered exceptional service to the department or its divisions.
4.Volunteers shall be deemed unpaid employees and shall be accorded the protection of workers' compensation, the legal expense fund and liability provisions.
5.Reimbursement for transportation and other necessary expenses may be furnished to those volunteers whose presence on special assignment is determined to be necessary by the department or its divisions.Such expenses shall be reimbursed from the regular appropriations of the department.Volunteers may utilize state vehicles in the performance of department-related duties, subject to those rules and regulations governing use of state vehicles by paid staff.
6.Any person serving as a volunteer may be terminated from service in that capacity by the director.Any person so terminated shall be given a written statement of the reasons for termination and shall, upon request, be accorded a review of the termination.
217.141 - Electrified security fence systems authorized.
1.The department of corrections shall install high voltage electrified security fence systems at all existing and proposed maximum security correctional centers.The department of corrections may, in its discretion, design and install high voltage electrified security fence systems at any or all existing and proposed medium security correctional centers.
2.All reasonable and necessary precautions consistent with industry standards shall be taken by the department to protect the safety of the local community and department personnel.
217.718 - Alternative to revocation proceedings, period of detention, requirements.
1.As an alternative to the revocation proceedings provided under sections 217.720, 217.722, and 559.036, and if the court has not otherwise required detention to be a condition of probation under section 559.026, a probation or parole officer may order an offender to submit to a period of detention in the county jail, or other appropriate institution, upon a determination by a probation or parole officer that the offender has violated a condition of continued probation or parole.
2.The period of detention may not exceed forty-eight hours the first time it is imposed against an offender during a term of probation or parole.Subsequent periods may exceed forty-eight hours, but the total number of hours an offender spends in detention under this section shall not exceed three hundred * sixty in any calendar year.
3.The officer shall present the offender with a written report detailing in what manner the offender has violated the conditions of parole, probation, or conditional release and advise the offender of the right to a hearing before the court or board prior to the period of detention.The division shall file a copy of the violation report with the sentencing court or board after the imposition of the period of detention and within a reasonable period of time that is consistent with existing division procedures.
4.Any offender detained under this section in a county of the first class or second class or in any city with a population of five hundred thousand or more and detained as herein provided shall be subject to all the provisions of section 221.170, even though the offender was not convicted and sentenced to a jail or workhouse.
5.If parole, probation, or conditional release is revoked and a term of imprisonment is served by reason thereof, the time spent in a jail, halfway house, honor center, workhouse, or other institution as a detention condition of parole, probation, or conditional release shall be credited against the prison or jail term served for the offense in connection with which the detention was imposed.
6.The division shall reimburse the county jail or other institution for the costs of detention under this section at a rate determined by the department of corrections, which shall be at least thirty dollars per day per offender and subject to appropriation of funds by the general assembly.Prior to ordering the offender to submit to the period of detention under subsection 1 of this section, the probation and parole officer shall certify to the county jail or institution that the division has sufficient funds to provide reimbursement for the costs of the period of detention.A jail or other institution may refuse to detain an offender under this section if funds are not available to provide reimbursement or if there is inadequate space in the facility for the offender.
7.Upon successful completion of the period of detention under this section, the court or board may not revoke the term of parole, probation, or conditional release or impose additional periods of detention for the same incident unless new or additional information is discovered that was unknown to the division when the period of detention was imposed and indicates that the offender was involved in the commission of a crime.If the offender fails to complete the period of detention or new or additional information is discovered that the incident involved a crime, the offender may be arrested under sections 217.720 and 217.722.
217.245 - Medical excuse from participation in required activities, procedure.
The correctional center's medical personnel shall, when any offender claims to be unable to participate in required activities expected of the offender because of illness, examine the offender and if, in the medical personnel's opinion, the offender is unable toparticipate in the required activities, the medical personnel shall immediately certify this fact according to established procedure.Thereupon, the offender shall be relieved of the responsibility of participating in required activities.The offender shall not be required to participate in such activities so long as the disability continues.When the medical personnel certifies that the offender has recovered the offender shall be returned to such required activities.
217.810 - Interstate compact for supervision of parolees and probationers.
1.The governor is hereby authorized and directed to enter into the interstate compact for the supervision of parolees and probationers on behalf of the state of Missouri with the commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, the District of Columbia and any and all other states of the United States legally joining therein and pursuant to the provisions of an act of the Congress of the United States of America granting the consent of Congress to the commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, the District of Columbia and any two or more states to enter into agreements or compacts for cooperative effort and mutual assistance in the prevention of crime and for other purposes, which compact shall have as its objective the permitting of persons placed on probation or released on parole to reside in any other state signatory to the compact assuming the duties of visitation and supervision over such probationers and parolees; permitting the extradition and transportation without interference of prisoners, being retaken, through any and all states signatory to the compact under such terms, conditions, rules and regulations, and for such duration as in the opinion of the governor of this state shall be necessary and proper and in a form substantially as contained in subsection 2 of this section.The chairman of the board shall administer the compact for the state.
INTERSTATE COMPACT FOR THE SUPERVISION OF PAROLEES AND PROBATIONERS
This compact shall be entered into by and among the contracting states, signatories hereto, with the consent of the Congress of the United States of America, granted by an act entitled "An act granting the consent of Congress to any two or more states to enter into agreements or compacts for cooperative effort and mutual assistance in the prevention of crime and for other purposes."
The contracting states solemnly agree:
(1)That it shall be competent for the duly constituted judicial and administrative authorities of a state party to this compact (herein called "sending state") to permit any person convicted of an offense within such state and placed on probation or released on parole to reside in any other state party to this compact (herein called "receiving state"), while on probation or parole, if
(a)Such a person is in fact a resident of or has his family residing within the receiving state and can obtain employment there;
(b)Though not a resident of the receiving state and not having his family residing there, the receiving state consents to such person being sent there.
Before granting such permission, opportunity shall be granted to the receiving state to investigate the home and prospective employment of such person.
A resident of the receiving state, within the meaning of this section, is one who has been an actual inhabitant of such state continuously for more than one year prior to his coming to the sending state and has not resided within the sending state more than six continuous months immediately preceding the commission of the offense for which he has been convicted.
(2)The receiving state shall assume the duties of visitation and supervision over probationers or parolees of any sending state transferred under the compact and will apply the same standards of supervision that prevail for its own probationers and parolees.
(3)That duly accredited officers of a sending state may at all times enter a receiving state and there apprehend and retake any person on probation or parole.For that purpose no formalities will be required other than establishing the authority of the officer and the identity of the person to be retaken.All legal requirements to obtain extradition of fugitives from justice are hereby expressly waived on the part of states party hereto, as to such persons.The decision of the sending state to retake a person on probation or parole shall be conclusive upon and not reviewable within the receiving state.Provided, however, that if at the time when a state seeks to retake a probationer or parolee there should be pending against him within the receiving state any criminal charge, or he should be suspected of having committed within such state a criminal offense, he shall not be retaken without the consent of the receiving state until discharged from prosecution or from imprisonment for such offense.
(4)That the duly accredited officers of the sending state will be permitted to transport prisoners being retaken through any and all states parties to this compact, without interference.
(5)Each state may designate an officer who, acting jointly with like officers of other contracting states shall promulgate such rules and regulations as may be deemed necessary to more effectively carry out the terms of this compact.
(6)That this compact shall become operative immediately upon its execution by any state as between it and any other state or states so executing.When executed it shall have the full force and effect of law within such state, the form of execution to be in accordance with the laws of the executing state.
(7)That this compact shall continue in force and remain binding upon each executing state until renounced by it.The duties and obligations hereunder of a renouncing state shall continue as to parolees or probationers residing therein at the time of withdrawal until retaken or finally discharged by the sending state.Renunciation of this compact shall be by the same authority which executed it, by sending six months' notice in writing of its intention to withdraw from the compact to the other states party hereto.
3.If any section, sentence, subdivision or clause within subsection 2 of this section is for any reason held invalid or to be unconstitutional, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining provisions of that subsection or this section.
4.All necessary and proper expenses accruing as a result of a person being returned to this state by order of a court or the parole board shall be paid by the state as provided in section 548.241 or 548.243.
217.345 - First offenders — mandatory program — physical separation of offenders less than eighteen years of age — rules — contract for provision of services — evaluation process.
1.Correctional treatment programs for first offenders in the department shall be established, subject to the control and supervision of the director, and shall include such programs deemed necessary and sufficient for the successful rehabilitation of offenders.
2.Correctional treatment programs for offenders who are younger than eighteen years of age shall be established, subject to the control and supervision of the director.By January 1, 1998, such programs shall include physical separation of offenders who are younger than eighteen years of age from offenders who are eighteen years of age or older.
3.The department shall have the authority to promulgate rules pursuant to subsection 2 of section 217.378* to establish correctional treatment programs for offenders under age eighteen.Such rules may include:
(1)Establishing separate housing units for such offenders; and
(2)Providing housing and program space in existing housing units for such offenders that is not accessible to adult offenders.
4.The department shall have the authority to determine the number of juvenile offenders participating in any treatment program depending on available appropriations.The department may contract with any private or public entity for the provision of services and facilities for offenders under age eighteen.The department shall apply for and accept available federal, state and local public funds including project demonstration funds as well as private moneys to fund such services and facilities.
5.The department shall develop and implement an evaluation process for all juvenile offender programs.
217.541 - House arrest program, department to establish and regulate — limited release, when — offenders to fund program — arrest warrant may be issued by probation or parole officer, when.
1.The department shall by rule establish a program of house arrest.The director or his designee may extend the limits of confinement of offenders serving sentences for class D or E felonies who have one year or less remaining prior to release on parole, conditional release, or discharge to participate in the house arrest program.
2.The offender referred to the house arrest program shall remain in the custody of the department and shall be subject to rules and regulations of the department pertaining to offenders of the department until released on parole or conditional release by the state board of probation and parole.
3.The department shall require the offender to participate in work or educational or vocational programs and other activities that may be necessary to the supervision and treatment of the offender.
4.An offender released to house arrest shall be authorized to leave his place of residence only for the purpose and time necessary to participate in the program and activities authorized in subsection 3 of this section.
5.The board of probation and parole shall supervise every offender released to the house arrest program and shall verify compliance with the requirements of this section and such other rules and regulations that the department shall promulgate and may do so by remote electronic surveillance.If any probation/parole officer has probable cause to believe that an offender under house arrest has violated a condition of the house arrest agreement, the probation/parole officer may issue a warrant for the arrest of the offender.The probation/parole officer may effect the arrest or may deputize any officer with the power of arrest to do so by giving the officer a copy of the warrant which shall outline the circumstances of the alleged violation.The warrant delivered with the offender by the arresting officer to the official in charge of any jail or other detention facility to which the offender is brought shall be sufficient legal authority for detaining the offender.An offender arrested under this section shall remain in custody or incarcerated without consideration of bail.The director or his designee, upon recommendation of the probation and parole officer, may direct the return of any offender from house arrest to a correctional facility of the department for reclassification.
6.Each offender who is released to house arrest shall pay a percentage of his wages, established by department rules, to a maximum of the per capita cost of the house arrest program.The money received from the offender shall be deposited in the inmate fund and shall be expended to support the house arrest program.
217.045 - Federal funds, authority to receive — applications for funds, procedure.
1.The department shall have the authority to enter into arrangements with the federal government for the receipt and disbursement of federal funds under any applicable federal guidelines, subject to appropriations, to carry out the purposes of the department and shall submit such plans and reports as may be required.
2.The director shall approve such applications for federal assistance administered through the department as may be considered advisable after consultation with the appropriate division director.
3.The department shall also have the authority to receive and disburse such other funds as may be appropriated and directed by the general assembly.
217.310 - Examination of new prisoners — identification data recorded.
1.On delivery of the offender to the reception and diagnostic center, he shall be examined by a licensed physician.
2.The offender's committed name, race, height, apparent and alleged age, place of nativity, trade, complexion, and color of his hair and eyes shall be accurately recorded, together with such other natural or accidental marks or peculiarities of feature or appearance as may serve to identify the offender.
217.210 - Capacity of correctional centers, how determined — emergency assignment.
1.The maximum capacity of correctional centers shall be determined by the director of the department.
2.When any correctional center is at the maximum capacity, an offender may be assigned to that correctional center only when an emergency is declared by the director of the department.
217.010 - Definitions.
As used in this chapter and chapter 558, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the following terms shall mean:
(1)"Administrative segregation unit", a cell for the segregation of offenders from the general population of a facility for relatively extensive periods of time;
(2)"Board", the board of probation and parole;
(3)"Chief administrative officer", the institutional head of any correctional facility or his designee;
(4)"Correctional center", any premises or institution where incarceration, evaluation, care, treatment, or rehabilitation is provided to persons who are under the department's authority;
(5)"Department", the department of corrections of the state of Missouri;
(6)"Director", the director of the department of corrections or his designee;
(7)"Disciplinary segregation", a cell for the segregation of offenders from the general population of a correctional center because the offender has been found to have committed a violation of a division or facility rule and other available means are inadequate to regulate the offender's behavior;
(8)"Division", a statutorily created agency within the department or an agency created by the departmental organizational plan;
(9)"Division director", the director of a division of the department or his designee;
(10)"Local volunteer community board", a board of qualified local community volunteers selected by the court for the purpose of working in partnership with the court and the department of corrections in a reparative probation program;
(11)"Nonviolent offender", any offender who is convicted of a crime other than murder in the first or second degree, involuntary manslaughter, involuntary manslaughter in the first or second degree, kidnapping, kidnapping in the first degree, rape in the first degree, forcible rape, sodomy in the first degree, forcible sodomy, robbery in the first degree or assault in the first degree;
(12)"Offender", a person under supervision or an inmate in the custody of the department;
(13)"Probation", a procedure under which a defendant found guilty of a crime upon verdict or plea is released by the court without imprisonment, subject to conditions imposed by the court and subject to the supervision of the board;
(14)"Volunteer", any person who, of his own free will, performs any assigned duties for the department or its divisions with no monetary or material compensation.
217.110 - Workers' compensation to cover all employees of the department.
1.The provisions of chapter 287 governing workers' compensation are extended to include all personnel of the department.The state of Missouri shall be a self-insurer and assume all liability imposed by chapter 287 in respect to such personnel and the attorney general shall appear on behalf of and defend the state in all actions brought by such personnel under chapter 287.
2.The extension of chapter 287 to include personnel of the department shall not be construed as acknowledging or creating any liability in tort, or as incurring other obligations or duties other than the duty and obligation of complying with the provisions of chapter 287.
217.510 - Escape by offender, effect on.
Escape from custody by any offender subsequent to the execution of a request for final disposition under the provisions of sections 217.490 to 217.520 shall void the request and subject the offender to conviction under sections 217.225 and 217.390 relating to escape from custody.
217.410 - Abuse of offender, duty to report, penalty — confidentiality of report, immunity from liability — harassment prohibited.
1.When any employee of the department has reasonable cause to believe that an offender in a correctional center operated or funded by the department has been abused, he shall immediately report it in writing to the director.
2.The written report shall contain the name and address of the correctional center; the name of the offender; information regarding the nature of the abuse; the name of the complainant; and any other information which might be helpful in an investigation.
3.Any person required by subsection 1 of this section to report or cause a report to be made, but who fails to do so within a reasonable time after the act of abuse or neglect is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
4.In addition to those persons required to report under subsection 1 of this section, any other person having reasonable cause to believe that an offender has been abused may report such information to the director.
5.Upon receipt of a report, the department shall initiate an investigation within twenty-four hours.
6.If the investigation indicates possible abuse of an offender, the investigator shall refer the complaint, together with his report, to the director for appropriate action.
7.Reports made pursuant to this section shall be confidential and shall not be deemed a public record and shall not be subject to the provisions of section 109.180 or chapter 610.
8.Anyone who makes a report pursuant to this section or who testifies in any administrative or judicial proceeding arising from the report shall be immune from any civil or criminal liability for making such a report or for testifying, except for liability for perjury, unless such person acted in bad faith or with malicious purpose.
9.Within five working days after a report required to be made under subsection 1 of this section is received, the person making the report shall be notified in writing of its receipt and of the initiation of the investigation.
10.No person who directs or exercises any authority in a correctional center operated or funded by the department shall harass, dismiss or retaliate against an offender or employee because he or any member of his family has made a report of any violation or suspected violation of laws, ordinances or regulations applying to the correctional center which he has reasonable cause to believe has been committed or has occurred.
217.841 - Costs of investigation, how paid — deposit of reimbursement — fund, created — state treasurer, duties.
1.The costs of any investigations shall be paid from the reimbursements secured pursuant to the provisions of sections 217.825 to 217.841.The investigative costs shall be presumed to be twenty percent of the reimbursements recovered, unless the attorney general shall demonstrate to the court otherwise.All reimbursements collected shall be paid to the "Inmate Incarceration Reimbursement Act Revolving Fund", which is hereby established in the state treasury.Moneys in the inmate incarceration reimbursement act revolving fund shall be appropriated to the attorney general in order to defray the costs of the attorney general in connection with his duties provided by sections 217.825 to 217.841; and all remaining balances shall be appropriated to the department for purposes of construction and operation of state correctional facilities.The provisions of section 33.080 notwithstanding, moneys in the inmate incarceration reimbursement act revolving fund shall not lapse, be transferred or appropriated to or placed to the credit of the general revenue fund or any other fund of the state.
2.The state treasurer may determine the amount due the state for the cost of care of an offender and render statements thereof and such sworn statements shall be considered prima facie evidence of the amount due.
217.710 - Firearms, authority to carry, department's duties, training — rulemaking procedure.
1.Probation and parole officers, supervisors and members of the board of probation and parole, who are certified pursuant to the requirements of subsection 2 of this section shall have the authority to carry their firearms at all times.The department of corrections shall promulgate policies and operating regulations which govern the use of firearms by probation and parole officers, supervisors and members of the board when carrying out the provisions of sections 217.650 to 217.810.Mere possession of a firearm shall not constitute an employment activity for the purpose of calculating compensatory time or overtime.
2.The department shall determine the content of the required firearms safety training and provide firearms certification and recertification training for probation and parole officers, supervisors and members of the board of probation and parole.A minimum of sixteen hours of firearms safety training shall be required.In no event shall firearms certification or recertification training for probation and parole officers and supervisors exceed the training required for officers of the state highway patrol.
3.The department shall determine the type of firearm to be carried by the officers, supervisors and members of the board of probation and parole.
4.Any officer, supervisor or member of the board of probation and parole that chooses to carry a firearm in the performance of such officer's, supervisor's or member's duties shall purchase the firearm and holster.
5.The department shall furnish such ammunition as is necessary for the performance of the officer's, supervisor's and member's duties.
6.Any rule or portion of a rule, as that term is defined in section 536.010, that is promulgated under the authority of this chapter, shall become effective only if the agency has fully complied with all of the requirements of chapter 536 including but not limited to, section 536.028, if applicable, after August 28, 1998.All rulemaking authority delegated prior to August 28, 1998, is of no force and effect and repealed as of August 28, 1998, however nothing in section 571.030 or this section shall be interpreted to repeal or affect the validity of any rule adopted and promulgated prior to August 28, 1998.If the provisions of section 536.028 apply, the provisions of this section are nonseverable and if any of the powers vested with the general assembly pursuant to section 536.028 to review, to delay the effective date, or to disapprove and annul a rule or portion of a rule are held unconstitutional or invalid, the purported grant of rulemaking authority and any rule so proposed and contained in the order of rulemaking shall be invalid and void, except that nothing in section 571.030 or this section shall affect the validity of any rule adopted and promulgated prior to August 28, 1998.