Chapter 479 Municipal Courts and Traffic Courts

479.353 - Conditions.

Steven Groce, Attorney Advertisement

Notwithstanding any provisions to the contrary, the following conditions shall apply to minor traffic violations and municipal ordinance violations:

(1)The court shall not assess a fine, if combined with the amount of court costs, totaling in excess of :

(a)Two hundred twenty-five dollars for minor traffic violations; and

(b)For municipal ordinance violations committed within a twelve-month period beginning with the first violation:two hundred dollars for the first municipal ordinance violation, two hundred seventy-five dollars for the second municipal ordinance violation, three hundred fifty dollars for the third municipal ordinance violation, and four hundred fifty dollars for the fourth and any subsequent municipal ordinance violations;

(2)The court shall not sentence a person to confinement, except the court may sentence a person to confinement for any violation involving alcohol or controlled substances, violations endangering the health or welfare of others, or eluding or giving false information to a law enforcement officer;

(3)A person shall not be placed in confinement for failure to pay a fine unless such nonpayment violates terms of probation or unless the due process procedures mandated by Missouri supreme court rule 37.65 or its successor rule are strictly followed by the court;

(4)Court costs that apply shall be assessed against the defendant unless the court finds that the defendant is indigent based on standards set forth in determining such by the presiding judge of the circuit.Such standards shall reflect model rules and requirements to be developed by the supreme court; and

(5)No court costs shall be assessed if the defendant is found to be indigent under subdivision (4) of this section or if the case is dismissed.

(L. 2015 S.B. 5, A.L. 2016 S.B. 572)

479.180 - Commitment in county jail, when — duty of sheriff.

If a municipality has no suitable and safe place of confinement, the defendant may be committed to the county jail by the judge, and it shall be the duty of the sheriff, if space for the prisoner is available in the county jail, upon receipt of a warrant of commitment from the judge to receive and safely keep such prisoner until discharged by due process of law.The municipality shall pay the board of such prisoner at the same rate as may now or hereafter be allowed by law to such sheriff for the keeping of other prisoners in his custody.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

479.080 - Fines and costs, where paid, deposited — supreme court may provide for uniform procedure.

1.In the prosecution of violations of municipal ordinances before a municipal judge, all fines and costs shall be paid to and deposited not less frequently than monthly into the municipal treasury.

2.In the prosecution of violations of municipal ordinances before an associate circuit judge, all fines shall be paid to and deposited not less frequently than monthly into the municipal treasury and all court costs shall be accounted for and remitted to the state treasury in the same manner as provided by law for costs in misdemeanor cases.

3.The supreme court by administrative rule may provide for uniform procedure, and reporting forms for the collection and transmittal of fines and costs.Until modified or otherwise provided by such administrative rule, the municipal judge, or associate circuit judge hearing and determining violations of municipal ordinances, shall cause the clerk serving his division, within the first ten days of every month, to make out a list of all the cases heard or tried before the judge during the preceding month, giving in each case the name of the defendant, the fine imposed, if any, the amount of costs, the names of defendants committed and the cases in which there was an application for trial de novo, respectively.Such clerk or the judge shall verify such lists and statements by affidavit, and file the same forthwith with the clerk of the municipality, who shall lay the same before the governing body or the municipality at its first session thereafter.The official collecting fines shall, within the ten days aforesaid, pay to the municipal treasurer the full amount of all fines collected by him during the preceding month if not previously paid to the municipal treasurer.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

479.090 - Prosecutions based on information only, proceedings.

All prosecutions for the violation of municipal ordinances shall be instituted by information and may be based upon a complaint.Proceedings shall be in accordance with the supreme court rules governing practice and procedure in proceedings before municipal judges.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

479.190 - Parole or probation, when granted — certificate — conditions of probation — modification of conditions.

1.Any judge hearing violations of municipal ordinances may, when in his judgment it may seem advisable, grant a parole or probation to any person who shall plead guilty or who shall be convicted after a trial before such judge.When a person is placed on probation he shall be given a certificate explicitly stating the conditions on which he is being released.

2.In addition to such other authority as exists to order conditions of probation, the court may order conditions which the court believes will serve to compensate the victim of the crime, any dependent of the victim, or society in general.Such conditions may include, but need not be limited to:

(1)Restitution to the victim or any dependent of the victim, in an amount to be determined by the judge; and

(2)The performance of a designated amount of free work for a public or charitable purpose, or purposes, as determined by the judge.

3.A person may refuse probation conditioned on the performance of free work.If he does so, the court shall decide the extent or duration of sentence or other disposition to be imposed and render judgment accordingly.Any county, city, person, organization, or agency, or employee of a county, city, organization or agency charged with the supervision of such free work or who benefits from its performance shall be immune from any suit by the person placed on parole or probation or any person deriving a cause of action from him if such cause of action arises from such supervision of performance, except for intentional torts or gross negligence.The services performed by the probationer or parolee shall not be deemed employment within the meaning of the provisions of chapter 288.

4.The court may modify or enlarge the conditions of probation at any time prior to the expiration or termination of the probation term.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634, A.L. 1990 S.B. 497)

479.172 - Intoxication-related traffic offenses, municipal judges to receive adequate instruction — written policy on timely disposition of cases — report required.

1.Each municipal judge shall receive adequate instruction on the laws related to intoxication-related traffic offenses as defined in section 577.001 including jurisdictional issues related to such offenses, reporting requirements to the highway patrol central repository as set out in section 43.503 and required assessment for offenders under the substance abuse traffic offender program (SATOP).Each municipal judge shall adopt a written policy requiring that municipal court personnel timely report all dispositions of all charges for intoxication-related traffic offenses to the central repository.

2.Each municipal court shall provide a copy of its written policy for reporting dispositions of intoxication-related traffic offenses to the office of state courts administrator and the highway patrol.To assist municipal courts, the office of state courts administrator may create a model policy for the reporting of dispositions of all charges for intoxication-related traffic offenses.

3.Each municipal division of every circuit court in the state of Missouri shall prepare a report every six months.The report shall include, but shall not be limited to, the total number and disposition of every intoxication-related traffic offense adjudicated, dismissed or pending in its municipal court division.The municipal court division shall submit said report to the circuit court en banc.The report shall include the six-month period beginning January first and ending June thirtieth and the six-month period beginning July first and ending December thirty-first of each year.The report shall be submitted to the circuit court en banc no later than sixty days following the end of the reporting period.The circuit court en banc shall make recommendations or take any action it deems appropriate based on its review of said reports.

(L. 2010 H.B. 1695, et al., A.L. 2014 S.B. 491)

Transferred 2014; formerly 577.006; Effective 1-01-17

479.372 - Rulemaking authority.

Any rule or portion of a rule, as that term is defined in section 536.010, that is created under the authority delegated in sections 479.350 to 479.372 shall become effective only if it complies with and is subject to all of the provisions of chapter 536 and, if applicable, section 536.028.This section and chapter 536 are nonseverable and if any of the powers vested with the general assembly pursuant to chapter 536 to review, to delay the effective date, or to disapprove and annul a rule are subsequently held unconstitutional, then the grant of rulemaking authority and any rule proposed or adopted after August 28, 2015, shall be invalid and void.

(L. 2015 S.B. 5)

479.362 - Filing of addendum, notice to revenue — failure to file, procedure.

1.The auditor shall notify to the director of the department of revenue whether or not county, city, town, or village has timely filed the addendums required by sections 479.359 and 479.360 and transmit copies of all addendums filed in accordance with sections 479.359 and 479.360.The director of the department of revenue shall review the information filed in the addendums as required by sections 479.359 and 479.360 and shall determine if any county, city, town, or village:

(1)Failed to file an addendum; or

(2)Failed to remit to the department of revenue the excess amount as set forth, certified, and signed in the addendum required by section 479.359.

The director of the department of revenue shall send a notice by certified mail to every county, city, town, or village failing to make the required filing or excess payment.The notice shall advise the county, city, town, or village of the failure and state that the county, city, town, or village is to correct the failure within sixty days of the date of the notice.

2.If a county, city, town, or village files the required addendum after notice from the director of the department of revenue, the director shall determine whether the county, city, town, or village failed to pay any excess amount required.If so, the director shall send an additional notice of failure to pay the excess amount and the county, city, town, or village shall pay the excess amount within sixty days of the date of the original notice.

3.A county, city, town, or village sent a notice by the director of the department of revenue for failure to pay or failure to file the required addendum under this section may seek judicial review of any determination made by the director of the department of revenue in the circuit court in which the municipal division is located by filing a petition under section 536.150 within thirty days of receipt of such determination.The county, city, town, or village shall give written notice of such filing to the director of revenue by certified mail.Within fifteen days of filing the petition, the county, city, town, or village shall deposit an amount equal to any amount in dispute into the registry of the circuit court by the county, city, town, or village.Failure to do so shall result in a dismissal of the case.

4.In addition to other available remedies, if the circuit court determines that the director of the department of revenue's determination as to the amount of excess funds or failure to file is in error, the circuit court shall return the amount not required to be remitted to the department of revenue to the county, city, town, or village immediately.The remainder of the funds held in the registry shall be paid to the director of the department of revenue for distribution under subsection 1 of section 479.359.

5.If any county, city, town, or village has failed to file an accurate or timely addendum or send excess revenue to the director of the department of revenue and the sixty-day period described in subsection 1 of this section has passed or there has been a final adjudication of a petition filed pursuant to subsection 3 of this section, whichever is later, the director of the department of revenue shall send a final notice to the clerk of the municipal court.If the county, city, town, or village fails to become compliant within five days after the date of the final notice, the director of the department of revenue shall send a notice of the noncompliance to the presiding judge of the circuit court in which any county, city, town, or village is located and the presiding judge of the circuit court shall immediately order the clerk of the municipal court to certify all pending matters in the municipal court until such county, city, town, or village files an accurate addendum and sends excess revenue to the director of the department of revenue pursuant to sections* 479.359 and 479.360.All fines, bond forfeitures, and court costs ordered or collected while a county, city, town, or village has its municipal court matters reassigned under this subsection shall be paid to the director of the department of revenue to be distributed to the schools of the county in the same manner that proceeds of all penalties, forfeitures, and fines collection for any breach of the penal laws of the state are distributed and the county, city, town, or village shall not be entitled to such revenue.If the noncompliant county, city, town, or village thereafter files an accurate addendum and remits all the excess revenue owed pursuant to section 479.359 to the director of the department of revenue, the director of the department shall notify the clerk of the municipal court and the presiding judge of the circuit court that the county, city, town, or village may again hear matters and receive revenue from fines, bond forfeitures, and court costs subject to continuing compliance with section 479.359.

6.The state auditor shall have the authority to audit any addendum and any supporting documents submitted to the department of revenue by any county, city, town, or village.

(L. 2015 S.B. 5)

*Word "sections" does not appear in original rolls.

479.356 - Failure to pay court costs, fines, or fees, setoff of income tax refund, when.

If a person fails to pay court costs, fines, fees, or other sums ordered by a municipal court, to be paid to the state or political subdivision, a municipal court may report any such delinquencies in excess of twenty-five dollars to the director of the department of revenue and request that the department seek a setoff of an income tax refund as provided by sections 143.782 to 143.788.The department shall promulgate rules necessary to effectuate the purpose of the offset program.

(L. 2015 S.B. 5)

479.011 - Administrative adjudication of certain code violations, certain cities — authorization, rules requirements — tribunal designated by ordinance, procedures — evidence reviewed — imprisonment and fines limited — judicial review, lien imposed, when.

1.(1)The following cities may establish an administrative adjudication system under this section:

(a)Any city not within a county;

(b)Any home rule city with more than four hundred thousand inhabitants and located in more than one county;

(c)Any home rule city with more than seventy-three thousand but fewer than seventy-five thousand inhabitants; and

(d)Any home rule city with more than one hundred fifty-five thousand but fewer than two hundred thousand inhabitants.

(2)The cities listed in subdivision (1) of this subsection may establish, by order or ordinance, an administrative system for adjudicating housing, property maintenance, nuisance, parking, and other civil, nonmoving municipal code violations consistent with applicable state law.Such administrative adjudication system shall be subject to practice, procedure, and pleading rules established by the state supreme court, circuit court, or municipal court.This section shall not be construed to affect the validity of other administrative adjudication systems authorized by state law and created before August 28, 2004.

2.The order or ordinance creating the administrative adjudication system shall designate the administrative tribunal and its jurisdiction, including the code violations to be reviewed.The administrative tribunal may operate under the supervision of the municipal court, parking commission, or other entity designated by order or ordinance and in a manner consistent with state law.The administrative tribunal shall adopt policies and procedures for administrative hearings, and filing and notification requirements for appeals to the municipal or circuit court, subject to the approval of the municipal or circuit court.

3.The administrative adjudication process authorized in this section shall ensure a fair and impartial review of contested municipal code violations, and shall afford the parties due process of law.The formal rules of evidence shall not apply in any administrative review or hearing authorized in this section.Evidence, including hearsay, may be admitted only if it is the type of evidence commonly relied upon by reasonably prudent persons in the conduct of their affairs.The code violation notice, property record, and related documentation in the proper form, or a copy thereof, shall be prima facie evidence of the municipal code violation.The officer who issued the code violation citation need not be present.

4.An administrative tribunal may not impose incarceration or any fine in excess of the amount allowed by law.Any sanction, fine or costs, or part of any fine, other sanction, or costs, remaining unpaid after the exhaustion of, or the failure to exhaust, judicial review procedures under chapter 536 shall be a debt due and owing the city, and may be collected in accordance with applicable law.

5.Any final decision or disposition of a code violation by an administrative tribunal shall constitute a final determination for purposes of judicial review.Such determination is subject to review under chapter 536 or, at the request of the defendant made within ten days, a trial de novo in the circuit court.After expiration of the judicial review period under chapter 536, unless stayed by a court of competent jurisdiction, the administrative tribunal's decisions, findings, rules, and orders may be enforced in the same manner as a judgment entered by a court of competent jurisdiction.Upon being recorded in the manner required by state law or the uniform commercial code, a lien may be imposed on the real or personal property of any defendant entering a plea of nolo contendere, pleading guilty to, or found guilty of a municipal code violation in the amount of any debt due the city under this section and enforced in the same manner as a judgment lien under a judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction.The city may also issue a special tax bill to collect fines issued for housing, property maintenance, and nuisance code violations.

(L. 2004 H.B. 1407, A.L. 2007 H.B. 795 merged with S.B. 22, A.L. 2011 H.B. 142, A.L. 2012 S.B. 628)

479.140 - Judge to be trier of fact, when.

In any trial for the violation of a municipal ordinance, all issues of fact shall be tried by the judge except where trial by jury is authorized by law and the defendant or his attorney requests a trial by jury.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

479.040 - Cities may elect where violations of municipal ordinances may be heard.

1.(1)Any city, town or village with a population of less than four hundred thousand may elect to have the violations of its municipal ordinances heard and determined by an associate circuit judge of the circuit in which the city, town or village, or the major geographical portion thereof, is located; provided, however, if such election is made, all violations of that municipality's ordinances shall be heard and determined before an associate circuit judge or judges.If a municipality has elected to have the violations of its municipal ordinances heard and determined by an associate circuit judge, the municipality may thereafter elect to provide for a municipal judge or judges to hear such cases; provided, however, if such later election is made, all violations of that municipality's ordinances shall be heard and determined before a municipal judge.Nothing in this subsection shall preclude the transfer or assignment of another judge to hear and determine a case or class of cases when otherwise authorized by provisions of the constitution, law, or court rule.Nothing in this section shall preclude an election made under the provisions of subsection 4 of this section.

(2)In lieu of electing to have all violations of municipal ordinances heard and determined before an associate circuit court or a county municipal court, a city, town, or village may, under subdivision (1) of this subsection, elect to have such court only hear and determine those violations of its municipal ordinances as may be designated on the information by the prosecutor as involving an accused with special needs due to mental disorder or mental illness, as defined by section 630.005, or whose special needs, circumstances, and charges cannot be adequately accommodated by the municipal court of the city, town, or village, provided that the associate circuit court or county municipal court has established specialized dockets or courts to provide such adequate accommodations and resources for specifically handling such matters, such as a mental health court, housing court, domestic violence court, family court, or DWI court, and such associate circuit court or county municipal court accepts such election by consent of the presiding judge or by county contract, as applicable, and further provided that upon a determination by the court that the accused does not have such special needs, the matter shall be transferred back to the municipal court.

2.If, after January 1, 1980, a municipality elects to have the violations of its municipal ordinances heard and determined by an associate circuit judge, the associate circuit judge or judges shall commence hearing and determining such violations six months after the municipality notifies the presiding judge of the circuit of its election.With the consent of the presiding judge, the associate circuit judge or judges may commence hearing such violations at an earlier date.

3.Associate circuit judges of the circuit in which the municipality, or major geographical portion thereof, is located shall hear and determine violations of municipal ordinances of any municipality with a population of under four hundred thousand for which a municipal judge is not provided.

4.Any city, town or village with a population of less than four hundred thousand located in a county which has created a county municipal court under the provisions of section 66.010 may elect to enter into a contract with the county to have violations of municipal ordinances prosecuted, heard, and determined in the county municipal court.If a contract is entered into under the provisions of this subsection, all violations of that municipality's ordinances shall be heard and determined in the county municipal court.The contract may provide for a transition period after an election is made under the provisions of this subsection.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634, A.L. 1993 S.B. 177, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1169 & 1271 merged with S.B. 722, A.L. 2012 S.B. 628 merged with S.B. 636)

479.240 - Fines, installments allowed.

When a fine is assessed for violation of an ordinance, it shall be within the discretion of the judge assessing the fine to provide for the payment of the fine on an installment basis under such terms and conditions as he may deem appropriate.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

479.050 - Municipalities may establish traffic violation bureau, procedure, costs.

The municipal judge or judges, or, in those municipalities where the violations of municipal ordinances are heard and determined by an associate circuit judge, or judges, the associate circuit judge, or judges, may establish a traffic violations bureau in any municipality, and shall establish such a bureau when a request therefor is made by the governing body of the municipality.The traffic violations bureau shall operate under the supervision of the circuit court and those judges regularly hearing and determining municipal ordinance violation cases of the particular municipality and shall be operated in accordance with the rules of the supreme court and the rules of the circuit court.All expenses incident to the operation of the traffic violations bureau, including salaries of clerical personnel, shall be paid by the municipality.The municipality shall provide suitable quarters for the traffic violations bureau; and all fines and costs shall be paid into the municipal treasury; provided, however, that when a municipality's ordinance violation cases are heard and determined by an associate circuit judge, or judges, provision may be made by circuit court rule for a traffic violation bureau to be operated by the staff available to the associate circuit judge and in such case fines and costs shall be paid over and distributed as provided in subsection 2 of section 479.080.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

479.150 - Trial by jury, certification for assignment — exception, Springfield municipal court, when, procedure, costs.

1.In any municipality, whenever a defendant accused of a violation of a municipal ordinance has a right to a trial by jury and demands such trial by jury, except as provided in subsection 2 of this section, the municipal judge shall certify the case for assignment.

2.Any municipality requiring by ordinance that the municipal judge be a licensed attorney and which has a population in excess of one hundred thousand persons which is located in a county of the first class not having a charter form of government and which does not adjoin another first class county may elect by passage of an appropriate municipal ordinance to hear jury cases before the municipal court; provided, such jury cases are heard in accordance with the following procedures:

(1)Cases shall be heard with a record being made as required in jury cases before the associate circuit court and the trial shall be conducted and the jury selected in accordance with procedures applicable before circuit courts;

(2)In any case tried with a jury in a municipal court under provisions of this subsection, appeals may be had upon the record to the appropriate state appellate court, and the record for appeal in such cases shall be prepared in accordance with the same rules prescribed by the supreme court for trials on the record before associate circuit courts;

(3)The costs of equipment or stenographic services for jury trials a municipality should elect to hold under this section shall be paid by the municipality, except where the supreme court has by rule provided for reimbursement by the defendant for the cost of transcription, and any person who requests a jury trial shall be responsible for all costs incurred in the securing of a jury if such person thereafter waives his right to a jury trial;

(4)The failure to request a jury trial while the case is pending before the municipal court shall be deemed a waiver of the right to a jury trial and after such jury trial there shall be no right to a trial de novo in circuit court;

(5)If the municipal judge is disqualified, the rules for appointment of another municipal judge of the city to hear such cases shall apply; provided, however, that in the event there is no other municipal judge qualified to hear the case, the case shall be certified for assignment.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634, A.L. 1984 H.B. 1142 & 894, A.L. 2001 S.B. 267)

479.350 - Definitions.

For purposes of sections 479.350 to 479.372, the following terms mean:

(1)"Annual general operating revenue", revenue that can be used to pay any bill or obligation of a county, city, town, or village, including general sales tax; general use tax; general property tax; fees from licenses and permits; unrestricted user fees; fines, court costs, bond forfeitures, and penalties.Annual general operating revenue does not include designated sales or use taxes; restricted user fees; grant funds; funds expended by a political subdivision for technological assistance in collecting, storing, and disseminating criminal history record information and facilitating criminal identification activities for the purpose of sharing criminal justice-related information among political subdivisions; or other revenue designated for a specific purpose;

(2)"Court costs", costs, fees, or surcharges which are retained by a county, city, town, or village upon a finding of guilty or plea of guilty, and shall exclude any costs, fees, or surcharges disbursed to the state or other entities by a county, city, town, or village and any certified costs, not including fines added to the annual real estate tax bill or a special tax bill under section 67.398, 67.402, or 67.451;

(3)"Minor traffic violation", a municipal or county traffic ordinance violation prosecuted that does not involve an accident or injury, that does not involve the operation of a commercial motor vehicle, and for which no points are assessed by the department of revenue or the department of revenue is authorized to assess one to four points to a person's driving record upon conviction.Minor traffic violation shall include amended charges for any minor traffic violation.Minor traffic violation shall exclude a violation for exceeding the speed limit by more than nineteen miles per hour or a violation occurring within a construction zone or school zone;

(4)"Municipal ordinance violation", a municipal or county ordinance violation prosecuted for which penalties are authorized by statute under sections 64.160, 64.200, 64.295, 64.487, 64.690, 64.895, 67.398, 71.285, 89.120, and 89.490.Municipal ordinance violation shall include amended charges for municipal ordinance violations.

(L. 2015 S.B. 5, A.L. 2016 S.B. 572)

479.250 - Municipal ordinances, evidence of, judicial notice of.

In the trial of municipal ordinance violation cases, a copy of a municipal ordinance which is certified by the clerk of the municipality shall constitute prima facie evidence of such ordinance.If such certified copy is on file with the clerk serving the judge hearing a case and readily available for inspection by the parties, the judge may take judicial notice of such ordinance without further proof.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

479.270 - Transfer or assignment of cases, procedure.

If transferred by the supreme court or if assigned by the presiding judge of the circuit or pursuant to court rule, a circuit judge may hear municipal ordinance violation cases in those instances where provision is made in this chapter for such cases to be initially heard by an associate circuit judge and may exercise the other powers granted associate circuit judges by this chapter.Costs shall be assessed in the same amounts as if the cause was heard by an associate circuit judge.Such transfer or assignment may be on a case-by-case or general basis.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

479.070 - Duties and powers of municipal judge.

The municipal judge shall be a conservator of the peace.He shall keep a docket in which he shall enter every case commenced before him and the proceeding therein and he shall keep such other records as required.Such docket and records shall be records of the circuit court.The municipal judge shall deliver said docket and records and all books and papers pertaining to his office to his successor in office or to the presiding judge of the circuit.The municipal judge shall have the power to administer oaths and enforce due obedience to all orders, rules and judgments made by him, and may fine or imprison for contempt committed before such judge while holding court, in the same manner and to the same extent as a circuit judge.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

479.170 - Municipal judge without jurisdiction, when, procedure.

1.If, in the progress of any trial before a municipal judge, it shall appear to the judge that the accused ought to be put upon trial for an offense against the criminal laws of the state and not cognizable before him as municipal judge, he shall immediately stop all further proceedings before him as municipal judge and cause the complaint to be made before some associate circuit judge within the county.

2.For purposes of this section, any offense involving the operation of a motor vehicle in an intoxicated condition as defined in section 577.001 shall not be cognizable in municipal court, if the defendant has been convicted, found guilty, or pled guilty to two or more previous intoxication-related traffic offenses as defined in section 577.001, or has had two or more previous alcohol-related enforcement contacts as defined in section 302.525.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634, A.L. 2010 H.B. 1695, et al., A.L. 2017 S.B. 34)

479.368 - Failure to timely file, loss of local sales tax revenue and certain county sales tax revenue — election required, when.

1.(1)Except for county sales taxes deposited in the county sales tax trust fund as defined in section 66.620, any county, city, town, or village failing to timely file the required addendums or remit the required excess revenues, if applicable, after the time period provided by the notice by the director of the department of revenue or any final determination on excess revenue by the court in a judicial proceeding, whichever is later, shall not receive from that date any amount of moneys to which the county, city, town, or village would otherwise be entitled to receive from revenues from local sales tax as defined in section 32.085.

(2)If any county, city, town, or village has failed to timely file the required addendums, the director of the department of revenue shall hold any moneys the noncompliant city, town, village, or county would otherwise be entitled to from local sales tax as defined in section 32.085 until a determination is made by the director of revenue that the noncompliant city, town, village, or county has come into compliance with the provisions of sections 479.359 and 479.360.

(3)If any county, city, town, or village has failed to remit the required excess revenue to the director of the department of revenue such general local sales tax revenues shall be distributed as provided in subsection 1 of section 479.359 by the director of the department of revenue in the amount of excess revenues that the county, city, town, or village failed to remit.

Upon a noncompliant city, town, village, or county coming into compliance with the provisions of sections 479.359 and 479.360, the director of the department of revenue shall disburse any remaining balance of funds held under this subsection after satisfaction of amounts due under section 479.359.Moneys held by the director of the department of revenue under this subsection shall not be deemed to be state funds and shall not be commingled with any funds of the state.

2.(1)Any city, town, village, or county that participates in the distribution of local sales tax in sections 66.600 to 66.630 and fails to timely file the required addendums or remit the required excess revenues, if applicable, after the time period provided by the notice by the director of the department of revenue or any final determination on excess revenue by the court in a judicial proceeding, whichever is later, shall not receive any amount of moneys to which said city, town, village, or county would otherwise be entitled under sections 66.600 to 66.630.The director of the department of revenue shall notify the county to which the duties of the director have been delegated under section 66.601 of any noncompliant city, town, village, or county and the county shall remit to the director of the department of revenue any moneys to which said city, town, village, or county would otherwise be entitled.No disbursements to the noncompliant city, town, village, or county shall be permitted until a determination is made by the director of revenue that the noncompliant city, town, village, or county has come into compliance with the provisions of sections 479.359 and 479.360.

(2)If such county, city, town, or village has failed to timely file the required addendums, the director of the department of revenue shall hold any moneys the noncompliant city, town, village, or county would otherwise be entitled to under sections 66.600 to 66.630 until a determination is made by the director of revenue that the noncompliant city, town, village, or county has come into compliance with the provisions of sections 479.359 and 479.360.

(3)If any county, city, town, or village has failed to remit the required excess revenue to the director of the department of revenue, the director shall distribute such moneys the county, city, town, or village would otherwise be entitled to under sections 66.600 to 66.630 in the amount of excess revenues that the city, town, village, or county failed to remit as provided in subsection 1 of section 479.359.

Upon a noncompliant city, town, village, or county coming into compliance with the provisions of sections 479.359 and 479.360, the director of the department of revenue shall disburse any remaining balance of funds held under this subsection after satisfaction of amounts due under section 479.359 and shall notify the county to which the duties of the director have been delegated under section 66.601 that such compliant city, town, village, or county is entitled to distributions under sections 66.600 to 66.630.If a noncompliant city, town, village, or county becomes disincorporated, any moneys held by the director of the department of revenue shall be distributed to the schools of the county in the same manner that proceeds of all penalties, forfeitures, and fines collected for any breach of the penal laws of the state are distributed.Moneys held by the director of the department of revenue under this subsection shall not be deemed to be state funds and shall not be commingled with any funds of the state.

3.In addition to the provisions of subsection 1 of this section, any county that fails to remit the required excess revenue as required by section 479.359 shall have an election upon the question of disincorporation under Article VI, Section 5 of the Constitution of Missouri, and any such city, town, or village that fails to remit the required excess revenue as required by section 479.359 shall have an election upon the question of disincorporation according to the following procedure:

(1)The election upon the question of disincorporation of such city, town, or village shall be held on the next general election day, as defined by section 115.121;

(2)The director of the department of revenue shall notify the election authorities responsible for conducting the election according to the terms of section 115.125 and the county governing body in which the city, town, or village is located not later than 5:00 p.m. on the tenth Tuesday prior to the election of the amount of the excess revenues due;

(3)The question shall be submitted to the voters of such city, town, or village in substantially the following form:

The city/town/village of ______ has kept more revenue from fines, bond forfeitures, and court costs for municipal ordinance violations and minor traffic violations than is permitted by state law and failed to remit those revenues to the county school fund. Shall the city/town/village of ______ be dissolved?
YESNO

(4)Upon notification by the director of the department of revenue, the county governing body in which the city, town, or village is located shall give notice of the election for eight consecutive weeks prior to the election by publication in a newspaper of general circulation published in the city, town, or village, or if there is no such newspaper in the city, town, or village, then in the newspaper in the county published nearest the city, town, or village; and

(5)Upon the affirmative vote of a majority of those persons voting on the question, the county governing body shall disincorporate the city, town, or village.

(L. 2015 S.B. 5, A.L. 2016 S.B. 572)

479.260 - Court costs and fees, judicial education fund, purpose, administration.

1.Municipalities by ordinance may provide for fees in an amount per case to be set pursuant to sections 488.010 to 488.020 for each municipal ordinance violation case filed before a municipal judge, and in the event a defendant pleads guilty or is found guilty, the judge may assess costs against the defendant except in those cases where the defendant is found by the judge to be indigent and unable to pay the costs.The fees authorized in this subsection are in addition to service charges, witness fees and jail costs that may otherwise be authorized to be assessed, but are in lieu of other court costs.The fees provided by this subsection shall be collected by the municipal division clerk in municipalities electing or required to have violations of municipal ordinances tried before a municipal judge pursuant to section 479.020, or to employ judicial personnel pursuant to section 479.060, and disbursed as provided in subsection 1 of section 479.080.Any other court costs required in connection with such cases shall be collected and disbursed as provided in sections 488.010 to 488.020; provided that, each municipal court may establish a judicial education fund and an appointed counsel fund, each in separate accounts under the control of the municipal court to retain one dollar of the fees collected on each case.The fees collected shall be allocated between the two funds as determined by the court.The judicial education fund shall be used only to pay for:

(1)The continuing education and certification required of the municipal judges by law or supreme court rule; and

(2)Judicial education and training for the court administrator and clerks of the municipal court.

The appointed counsel fund shall be used only to pay the reasonable fees approved by the court for the appointment of an attorney to represent any defendant found by the judge to be indigent and unable to pay for legal representation, and where the supreme court rules or the law prescribes such appointment.Provided further, that no municipal court shall retain more than one thousand five hundred dollars in the judicial education fund for each judge, administrator or clerk of the municipal court and no more than five thousand dollars in the appointed counsel fund.Any excess funds shall be transmitted quarterly to the general revenue fund of the county or municipal treasury.

2.In municipal ordinance violation cases which are filed in the associate circuit division of the circuit court, fees shall be assessed in each case in an amount to be set pursuant to sections 488.010 to 488.020.In the event a defendant pleads guilty or is found guilty, the judge shall assess costs against the defendant except in those cases where the defendant is found by the judge to be indigent and unable to pay the costs.In the event a defendant is acquitted or the case is dismissed, the judge shall not assess costs against the municipality.The costs authorized in this subsection are in addition to service charges, witness fees and jail costs that may otherwise be authorized to be assessed, but are in lieu of other court costs.The costs provided by this subsection shall be collected by the municipal division clerk in municipalities electing or required to have violations of municipal ordinances tried before a municipal judge pursuant to section 479.020, or to employ judicial personnel pursuant to section 479.060, and disbursed as provided in subsection 2 of section 479.080.Any other court costs required in connection with such cases shall be collected and disbursed as provided in sections 488.010 to 488.020.

3.A municipality, when filing cases before an associate circuit judge, shall not be required to pay fees.

4.No fees for a judge, city attorney or prosecutor shall be assessed as costs in a municipal ordinance violation case.

5.In municipal ordinance violation cases, when there is an application for a trial de novo, there shall be an additional fee in an amount to be set pursuant to sections 488.010 to 488.020 which shall be assessed in the same manner as provided in subsection 2 of this section.

6.Municipalities by ordinance may provide for a schedule of costs to be paid in connection with pleas of guilty which are processed in a traffic violations bureau.If a municipality files its municipal ordinance violation cases before a municipal judge, such costs shall not exceed the court costs authorized by subsection 1 of this section.If a municipality files its municipal ordinance violations cases in the associate circuit division of the circuit court, such costs shall not exceed the court costs authorized by subsection 2 of this section.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634, A.L. 1982 S.B. 497, A.L. 1996 S.B. 869, A.L. 1997 S.B. 248, A.L. 2009 H.B. 237 & H.B. 238 & H.B. 482)

479.360 - Certification of substantial compliance, filed with state auditor — procedures adopted and certified.

1.Every county, city, town, and village shall file with the state auditor, together with its report due under section 105.145, its certification of its substantial compliance signed by its municipal judge with the municipal court procedures set forth in this subsection during the preceding fiscal year.The procedures to be adopted and certified include the following:

(1)Defendants in custody pursuant to an initial arrest warrant issued by a municipal court have an opportunity to be heard by a judge in person, by telephone, or video conferencing as soon as practicable and not later than forty-eight hours on minor traffic violations and not later than seventy-two hours on other violations and, if not given that opportunity, are released;

(2)Defendants in municipal custody shall not be held more than twenty-four hours without a warrant after arrest;

(3)Defendants are not detained in order to coerce payment of fines and costs unless found to be in contempt after strict compliance by the court with the due process procedures mandated by Missouri supreme court rule 37.65 or its successor rule;

(4)The municipal court has established procedures to allow indigent defendants to present evidence of their financial condition and takes such evidence into account if determining fines and costs and establishing related payment requirements;

(5)The municipal court only assesses fines and costs as authorized by law;

(6)No additional charge shall be issued for the failure to appear for a minor traffic violation;

(7)The municipal court conducts proceedings in a courtroom that is open to the public and large enough to reasonably accommodate the public, parties, and attorneys;

(8)The municipal court makes use of alternative payment plans;

(9)The municipal court makes use of community service alternatives for which no associated costs are charged to the defendant; and

(10)The municipal court has adopted an electronic payment system or payment by mail for the payment of minor traffic violations.

2.On or before December 31, 2015, the state auditor shall set forth by rule a procedure for including the addendum information required by this section.The rule shall also allow reasonable opportunity for demonstration of compliance.

(L. 2015 S.B. 5, A.L. 2016 S.B. 572)

479.160 - Witnesses, how summoned, fees.

1.It shall be the duty of the municipal judge to summon all persons whose testimony may be deemed essential as witnesses at the trial, and to enforce their attendance by attachment, if necessary.The fees of witnesses shall be the same as those fixed for witnesses in trials before associate circuit judges and shall be taxed as other costs in the case.

2.When a trial shall be continued by a municipal judge it shall not be necessary to summon any witnesses who may be present at the continuance; but the municipal judge shall orally notify such witnesses as either party may require to attend before him on the day set for trial to testify in the case, and enter the names of such witnesses on his docket, which oral notice shall be valid as a summons.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

479.060 - Clerks, courtroom, other employees — municipalities to provide for, when.

1.Where municipal violations are to be tried before a municipal judge or judges, the governing body of the municipality shall provide by ordinance for a clerk or clerks and such other nonjudicial personnel as may be required for the proper functioning of the municipal division or divisions and shall provide a suitable courtroom in which to hold court.The salaries of the judges, clerks and other nonjudicial personnel and other expenses incidental to the operation of the municipal divisions shall be paid by the municipality.

2.Where the violations of municipal ordinances are heard and determined by an associate circuit judge and, at the request of the municipality, the associate circuit judge sits at the municipality rather than in the courtroom provided by the county, the municipality shall provide a suitable courtroom in which to hold court.

3.Where the violations of municipal ordinances are heard and determined by an associate circuit judge and, at the request of the municipality, a clerk or clerks or other nonjudicial personnel are located in the municipality rather than at the courthouse provided by the county, the salaries of such personnel and other expenses incidental to the operation of their offices shall be paid by the municipality.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

479.230 - Absence of judge, procedure.

1.If a municipal judge be absent, sick or disqualified from acting pursuant to the general administrative authority of the presiding judge of the circuit court over the municipal divisions within the circuit contained in section 478.240:

(1)In municipal court divisions having more than one judge, the presiding judge of the municipal division, if any, or if there is not a designated presiding judge of the municipal division, any other municipal judge in said municipal division may request the presiding judge of the circuit court to designate a special municipal judge as provided in subsection 2 of this section until such absence or disqualification shall cease, subject to subdivision (4) of this subsection;

(2)The presiding judge of the municipal division may, by written directive, designate a written procedure delegating authority by which the municipal court administrator, if any, or the municipal court clerk, is authorized to notify and request the presiding judge of the circuit court to designate a special municipal judge as provided in subsection 2 of this section;

(3)In the absence of multiple judges in a municipal division, and in the absence of a written directive and policy authorizing the procedure, the mayor or chairman of the board of trustees may request the presiding judge of the circuit court to designate a special municipal judge as provided in subsection 2 of this section or in cases of circumstances making it impossible to reach the presiding judge of the circuit court in a timely manner, the mayor or chairman of the board of trustees may designate some competent, eligible person to act as municipal judge until the presiding judge of the circuit court can designate a special municipal judge as provided for under subsection 2 of this section;

(4)Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivisions (1) to (3) of this subsection, should a vacancy occur in the office of an elected municipal judge more than six months before a general municipal election, then a special election shall be held to fill such vacancy; and in case of vacancy in the office of an elected municipal judge within less than six months of a general municipal election, the office may be filled by a competent, eligible person under the procedures set forth in subdivisions (1), (2), and (3) of this subsection.

2.The presiding judge of the circuit court may appoint any other municipal judge within the circuit to act as a special interim municipal judge for a municipal judge of the circuit who is absent, sick or disqualified from acting.The presiding judge shall act upon the request of those with authority to make such request under subsection 1 of this section.

3.The governing body of the municipality shall provide by ordinance for the compensation of any person designated to act as municipal judge under the provisions of this section.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634, A.L. 1993 S.B. 88, A.L. 2005 H.B. 353)

479.030 - Municipalities, notification of circuit clerk — judges in office, terms.

1.Every municipality with a population of less than four hundred thousand which makes provision for a municipal judge or judges shall notify in writing the circuit clerk of the county in which the municipality or major geographical portion thereof is located before the municipal judge or judges hear and determine any cases; provided, however, that until March 1, 1979, municipal judges may hear and determine cases prior to such notification.

2.Judges of municipal courts in office on January 1, 1979, may serve out the terms which they are then serving as municipal judges of the circuit court if the municipality makes provision for the office of a municipal judge even though such judge may not meet the requirements of subsections 3, 7 and 8 of section 479.020.

3.Each judge of a municipal court in a city with a population of over four hundred thousand who is in office on January 1, 1979, and who is a full-time judge, shall become a municipal judge for that city without action being required on the part of the city, shall serve out the term for which he was selected, and subject to the provisions of chapter 479, shall be eligible for retention in office at the end of such term under the provisions of any plan of merit retention for municipal court judges in effect on January 1, 1979, which shall be deemed to be continued in effect without action on the part of the city.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

479.130 - Trial by jury, when.

Any person charged with the violation of a municipal ordinance of a city of the third or fourth class shall be entitled to a trial by jury, as in prosecutions for misdemeanors before an associate circuit judge.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

479.375 - Severability clause.

If any provision of this act* or their application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of this act* which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this act* are severable.

(L. 2015 S.B. 5)

*"This act" (S.B. 5, 2015) contained numerous sections.Consult Disposition of Sections table for a definitive listing.

479.220 - Disqualification of judge, when, procedure.

A municipal judge shall be disqualified to hear any case in which he is in any wise interested, or, if before the trial is commenced, the defendant or the prosecutor files an affidavit that the defendant or the municipality, as the case may be, cannot have a fair and impartial trial by reason of the interest or prejudice of the judge.Neither the defendant nor the municipality shall be entitled to file more than one affidavit or disqualification in the same case.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

479.120 - Municipality to designate attorney to prosecute violations — duties.

It shall be the duty of an attorney designated by the municipality to prosecute the violations of the municipality's ordinances before the municipal judges or before the associate circuit judges hearing the violations of that municipality's ordinances.The salary or fees of the attorney and his necessary expenses incurred in such prosecutions shall be paid by the municipality.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

479.020 - Municipal judges, selection, tenure, jurisdiction, qualifications, course of instruction.

1.Any city, town or village, including those operating under a constitutional or special charter, may, and cities with a population of four hundred thousand or more shall, provide by ordinance or charter for the selection, tenure and compensation of a municipal judge or judges consistent with the provisions of this chapter who shall have original jurisdiction to hear and determine all violations against the ordinances of the municipality.The method of selection of municipal judges shall be provided by charter or ordinance.Each municipal judge shall be selected for a term of not less than two years as provided by charter or ordinance.

2.Except where prohibited by charter or ordinance, the municipal judge may be a part-time judge and may serve as municipal judge in more than one municipality.

3.No person shall serve as a municipal judge of any municipality with a population of seven thousand five hundred or more or of any municipality in a county of the first class with a charter form of government unless the person is licensed to practice law in this state unless, prior to January 2, 1979, such person has served as municipal judge of that same municipality for at least two years.

4.Notwithstanding any other statute, a municipal judge need not be a resident of the municipality or of the circuit in which the municipal judge serves except where ordinance or charter provides otherwise.Municipal judges shall be residents of Missouri.

5.Judges selected under the provisions of this section shall be municipal judges of the circuit court and shall be divisions of the circuit court of the circuit in which the municipality, or major geographical portion thereof, is located.The judges of these municipal divisions shall be subject to the rules of the circuit court which are not inconsistent with the rules of the supreme court.The presiding judge of the circuit shall have general administrative authority over the judges and court personnel of the municipal divisions within the circuit.

6.No municipal judge shall hold any other office in the municipality which the municipal judge serves as judge.The compensation of any municipal judge and other court personnel shall not be dependent in any way upon the number of cases tried, the number of guilty verdicts reached or the amount of fines imposed or collected.

7.Municipal judges shall be at least twenty-one years of age.No person shall serve as municipal judge after that person has reached that person's seventy-fifth birthday.

8.Within six months after selection for the position, each municipal judge who is not licensed to practice law in this state shall satisfactorily complete the course of instruction for municipal judges prescribed by the supreme court.The state courts administrator shall certify to the supreme court the names of those judges who satisfactorily complete the prescribed course.If a municipal judge fails to complete satisfactorily the prescribed course within six months after the municipal judge's selection as municipal judge, the municipal judge's office shall be deemed vacant and such person shall not thereafter be permitted to serve as a municipal judge, nor shall any compensation thereafter be paid to such person for serving as municipal judge.

9.No municipal judge shall serve as a municipal judge in more than five municipalities at one time.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634, A.L. 1993 S.B. 88, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1169 & 1271 merged with S.B. 722 merged with S.B. 869, A.L. 2001 S.B. 267, A.L. 2004 H.B. 795, et al. merged with S.B. 1211, A.L. 2016 S.B. 572)

479.155 - Municipal division, reporting requirements to Missouri Supreme Court.

1.By September 1, 2015, the presiding judge of the circuit court in which the municipal division is located shall report to the clerk of the supreme court the name and address of the municipal division and any other information regarding the municipal division requested by the clerk of the supreme court on a standardized form developed by the clerk of the supreme court.

2.If a municipality elects to abolish or establish a municipal division, the presiding judge of the circuit court in which the municipal division is located shall notify the clerk of the supreme court and shall complete the report required under subsection 1 of this section within ninety days of the establishment of the division.

3.The supreme court shall develop rules regarding conflict of interest for any prosecutor, defense attorney, or judge that has a pending case before the municipal division of any circuit court.

(L. 2015 S.B. 5)

479.100 - Warrants, how issued and executed.

All warrants issued by a municipal judge, or an associate circuit judge hearing violations of municipal ordinances, shall be directed to the city marshal, chief of police, or any other police officer of the municipality, or to the sheriff of the county.The warrants shall be executed by the marshal, chief of police, police officer or sheriff at any place within the limits of the county, and not elsewhere, unless the warrants are endorsed in the manner provided for warrants in criminal cases, and, when so endorsed, shall be served in other counties, as provided for in warrants in criminal cases.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

479.200 - Appeals, trial de novo.

1.In any case tried before a municipal judge who is not licensed to practice law in this state, the defendant shall have a right to trial de novo, even from a plea of guilty, before a circuit judge or an associate circuit judge.

2.In any case tried before a municipal judge who is licensed to practice law in this state or before an associate circuit judge, except where there has been a plea of guilty or the case has been tried with a jury, the defendant shall have a right of trial de novo before a circuit judge or upon assignment before an associate circuit judge.An application for a trial de novo shall be filed within ten days after judgment and shall be filed in such form and perfected in such manner as provided by supreme court rule.

3.In any case tried with a jury before an associate circuit judge a record shall be made and appeals may be had upon that record to the appropriate appellate court.

4.The supreme court may provide by rule what record shall be kept and may provide that it be a stenographic record or one made by the utilization of electronic, magnetic, or mechanical sound or video recording devices.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

(1985) Defendant, convicted in municipal court of violating a city ordinance is entitled to request a trial by jury upon appeal to the circuit court. State ex. rel. Estill v. Iannone (Mo.banc), 687 S.W.2d 172.

479.500 - Traffic court may be established in twenty-first judicial circuit — appointment of judges — procedure and operation — jurisdiction — qualification of traffic judges, compensation — pleas without personal appearance — recording of proceedings — costs of establishment and operation.

1.In the twenty-first judicial circuit, a majority of the circuit judges, en banc, may establish a traffic court, which shall be a division of the circuit court, and may authorize the appointment of not more than three municipal judges who shall be known as traffic judges.The traffic judges shall be appointed by a traffic court judicial commission consisting of the presiding judge of the circuit, who shall be the chair, one circuit judge elected by the circuit judges, one associate circuit judge elected by the associate circuit judges of the circuit, and two members appointed by the county executive of St. Louis County, each of whom shall represent one of the two political parties casting the highest number of votes at the next preceding gubernatorial election.The procedures and operations of the traffic court judicial commission shall be established by circuit court rule.

2.Traffic judges may be authorized to act as commissioners to hear in the first instance nonfelony violations of state law involving motor vehicles, and such other offenses as may be provided by circuit court rule.Traffic judges may also be authorized to hear in the first instance violations of county and municipal ordinances involving motor vehicles, and other county ordinance violations, as provided by circuit court rule.

3.In the event that a county municipal court is established pursuant to section 66.010 which takes jurisdiction of county ordinance violations the circuit court may then authorize the appointment of no more than two traffic judges authorized to hear municipal ordinance violations other than county ordinance violations, and to act as commissioner to hear in the first instance nonfelony violations of state law involving motor vehicles, and such other offenses as may be provided by rule.These traffic court judges also may be authorized to act as commissioners to hear in the first instance petitions to review decisions of the department of revenue or the director of revenue filed pursuant to sections 302.309 and 302.311 and, prior to January 1, 2002, pursuant to sections 302.535 and 302.750.

4.After January 1, 2002, traffic judges, in addition to the authority provided in subsection 3 of this section, may be authorized by local court rule adopted pursuant to Article V, Section 15 of the Missouri Constitution to conduct proceedings pursuant to sections 302.535 and 302.750, subject to procedures that preserve a meaningful hearing before a judge of the circuit court, as follows:

(1)Conduct the initial call docket and accept uncontested dispositions of petitions to review;

(2)The petitioner shall have the right to the de novo hearing before a judge of the circuit court, except that, at the option of the petitioner, traffic judges may hear in the first instance such petitions for review.

5.In establishing a traffic court, the circuit may be divided into such sectors as may be established by a majority of the circuit and associate circuit judges, en banc.The traffic court in each sector shall hear those cases arising within the territorial limits of the sector unless a case arising within another sector is transferred as provided by operating procedures.

6.Traffic judges shall be licensed to practice law in this state and shall serve at the pleasure of a majority of the circuit and associate circuit judges, en banc, and shall be residents of St. Louis County, and shall receive from the state as annual compensation an amount equal to one-third of the annual compensation of an associate circuit judge.Each judge shall devote approximately one-third of his working time to the performance of his duties as a traffic judge.Traffic judges shall not accept or handle cases in their practice of law which are inconsistent with their duties as a traffic judge and shall not be a judge or prosecutor for any other court.Traffic judges shall not be considered state employees and shall not be members of the state employees' or judicial retirement system or be eligible to receive any other employment benefit accorded state employees or judges.

7.A majority of the judges, en banc, shall establish operating procedures for the traffic court which shall provide for regular sessions in the evenings after 6:00 p.m. and for Saturday or other sessions as efficient operation and convenience to the public may require.Proceedings in the traffic court, except when a judge is acting as a commissioner pursuant to this section, shall be conducted as provided in supreme court rule 37.The hearing shall be before a traffic judge without jury, and the judge shall assume an affirmative duty to determine the merits of the evidence presented and the defenses of the defendant and may question parties and witnesses.In the event a jury trial is requested, the cause shall be certified to the circuit court for trial by jury as otherwise provided by law.Clerks and computer personnel shall be assigned as needed for the efficient operation of the court.

8.In establishing operating procedure, provisions shall be made for appropriate circumstances whereby defendants may enter not guilty pleas and obtain trial dates by telephone or written communication without personal appearance, or to plead guilty and deliver by mail or electronic transfer or other approved method the specified amount of the fine and costs as otherwise provided by law, within a specified period of time.

9.Operating procedures shall be provided for electronic recording of proceedings, except that if adequate recording equipment is not provided at county expense, then, in that event, a person aggrieved by a judgment of a traffic judge or commissioner shall have the right of a trial de novo.The procedures for perfecting the right of a trial de novo shall be the same as that provided under sections 512.180 to 512.320, except that the provisions of subsection 2 of section 512.180 shall not apply to such cases.

10.The circuit court shall only have the authority to appoint two commissioners with the jurisdiction provided in subsection 3 of this section.

11.All costs to establish and operate a county municipal court under section 66.010 and this section shall be borne by such county.

(L. 1992 S.B. 529 § 1, A.L. 1996 H.B. 1169 & 1271 merged with S.B. 722, A.L. 2001 H.B. 302 & 38)

479.359 - Political subdivisions to annually calculate percentage of revenue from municipal ordinance violations and minor traffic violations — limitation on percentage — addendum to report, contents.

1.Every county, city, town, and village shall annually calculate the percentage of its annual general operating revenue received from fines, bond forfeitures, and court costs for municipal ordinance violations and minor traffic violations, including amended charges for any municipal ordinance violations and minor traffic violations, whether the violation was prosecuted in municipal court, associate circuit court, or circuit court, occurring within the county, city, town, or village.If the percentage is more than thirty percent, the excess amount shall be sent to the director of the department of revenue.The director of the department of revenue shall set forth by rule a procedure whereby excess revenues as set forth in this section shall be sent to the department of revenue.The department of revenue shall distribute these moneys annually to the schools of the county in the same manner that proceeds of all fines collected for any breach of the penal laws of this state are distributed.

2.Beginning January 1, 2016, the percentage specified in subsection 1 of this section shall be reduced from thirty percent to twenty percent, unless any county, city, town, or village has a fiscal year beginning on any date other than January first, in which case the reduction shall begin on the first day of the immediately following fiscal year except that any county with a charter form of government and with more than nine hundred fifty thousand inhabitants and any city, town, or village with boundaries found within such county shall be reduced from thirty percent to twelve and one-half percent.

3.An addendum to the annual financial report submitted to the state auditor under section 105.145 by the county, city, town, or village that has chosen to have a municipal court division shall contain an accounting of:

(1)Annual general operating revenue as defined in section 479.350;

(2)The total revenues from fines, bond forfeitures, and court costs for municipal ordinance violations and minor traffic violations occurring within the county, city, town, or village, including amended charges from any municipal ordinance violations and minor traffic violations;

(3)The percent of annual general operating revenue from fines, bond forfeitures, and court costs for municipal ordinance violations and minor traffic violations occurring within the county, city, town, or village, including amended charges from any charged municipal ordinance violations and minor traffic violation, charged in the municipal court of that county, city, town, or village; and

(4)Said addendum shall be certified and signed by a representative with knowledge of the subject matter as to the accuracy of the addendum contents, under oath and under the penalty of perjury, and witnessed by a notary public.

4.On or before December 31, 2015, the state auditor shall set forth by rule a procedure for including the addendum information required by this section.The rule shall also allow reasonable opportunity for demonstration of compliance without unduly burdensome calculations.

(L. 2015 S.B. 5, A.L. 2016 S.B. 572)

(2017) Population classification in section will only apply to St. Louis County for the foreseeable future, and as the State failed to demonstrate substantial justification for such special treatment, the classification is unconstitutional as a special law in violation of Article III, Section 40(30).Classification is severed from remainder of section, and thus section imposes a uniform cap on fines, bond forfeitures, and court costs of 20 percent statewide.City of Normandy v. Greitens, 518 S.W.3d 183 (Mo.).

479.010 - Violation of municipal ordinances, jurisdiction.

Violations of municipal ordinances shall be heard and determined only before divisions of the circuit court as hereinafter provided in this chapter."Heard and determined", for purposes of this chapter, shall mean any process under which the court in question retains the final authority to make factual determinations pertaining to allegations of a municipal ordinance violation, including, but not limited to, the use of a system of administrative adjudication as provided in section 479.011, preliminary to a determination by appeal to the court in question.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634, A.L. 2007 H.B. 795 merged with S.B. 22)

(1990) Mayor's commission on human rights and community relations has no jurisdiction to hear and determine an allegation of a violation of a city ordinance by reason of Mo. const. art. V., sec. 23, therefore commission's order is null, void, of no effect, and for naught. Yellow Freight Systems, Inc. v. Mayor's Commission on Human Rights of the City of Springfield, 791 S.W.2d 382 (Mo. banc).

(2010) City of Springfield's administrative proceeding to challenge ticket issued by automated traffic control system for running a red light is void under section.City of Springfield v. Belt, 307 S.W.3d 649 (Mo.banc).

479.110 - Arrest without warrants, procedure.

The city marshal, chief of police or other police officer of any municipality shall, without a warrant, make arrests of any person who commits an offense in his presence, but such officer shall, before the trial, file a written complaint with the judge hearing violations of municipal ordinances.

(L. 1978 H.B. 1634)

Effective 1-02-79

479.210 - Recognizances and forfeitures.

In case of a breach of any recognizance entered into before a municipal judge or an associate circuit judge hearing a municipal ordinance violation case, the same shall be deemed forfeited and the judge shall cause the same to be prosecuted against the principal and surety, or either of them, in the name of the municipality as plaintiff.Such action shall be prosecuted before a circuit judge or associate circuit judge, and in the event of cases caused to be prosecuted by a municipal judge, such shall be on the transcript of the proceedings before the municipal judge.All moneys recovered in such actions shall be paid over to the municipal treasury to the general revenue fund of the municipality.