Chapter 559 Probation
559.604 - Cost of misdemeanor probation to be paid by offenders, exceptions.
Neither the state of Missouri nor any county of the state shall be required to pay any part of the cost of probation and rehabilitation services provided to misdemeanor offenders under sections 559.600 to 559.615.The person placed on probation shall contribute not less than thirty dollars or more than fifty dollars per month to the private entity providing him or her with supervision and rehabilitation services.The amount of the contribution shall be determined by the sentencing court.The court may exempt a person from all or part of the foregoing contribution if it finds any of the following factors to exist:
(1)The offender has diligently attempted, but has been unable, to obtain employment which provides him or her sufficient income to make such payments;
(2)The offender is a student in a school, college, university or course of vocational or technical training designed to fit the student for gainful employment.Certification of such student status shall be supplied to the court by the educational institution in which the offender is enrolled;
(3)The offender has an employment handicap, as determined by a physical, psychological or psychiatric examination acceptable to or ordered by the court;
(4)The offender's age prevents him or her from obtaining employment;
(5)The offender is responsible for the support of dependents, and the payment of such contribution constitutes an undue hardship on the offender;
(6)There are other extenuating circumstances as determined by the court to exempt or partially reduce such payments; or
(7)The offender has been transferred outside the state under an interstate compact adopted pursuant to law.
559.100 - Circuit courts, power to place on probation or parole — revocation — conditions — restitution.
1.The circuit courts of this state shall have power, herein provided, to place on probation or to parole persons convicted of any offense over which they have jurisdiction, except as otherwise provided in section 559.115, section 565.020, sections 566.030, 566.060, 566.067, 566.125, 566.151, and 566.210, section 571.015, section 579.170, and subsection 3 of section 589.425.
2.The circuit court shall have the power to revoke the probation or parole previously granted under section 559.036 and commit the person to the department of corrections.The circuit court shall determine any conditions of probation or parole for the defendant that it deems necessary to ensure the successful completion of the probation or parole term, including the extension of any term of supervision for any person while on probation or parole.The circuit court may require that the defendant pay restitution for his or her offense.The probation or parole may be revoked under section 559.036 for failure to pay restitution or for failure to conform his or her behavior to the conditions imposed by the circuit court.The circuit court may, in its discretion, credit any period of probation or parole as time served on a sentence.
3.Restitution, whether court-ordered as provided in subsection 2 of this section or agreed to by the parties, or as enforced under section 558.019, shall be paid through the office of the prosecuting attorney or circuit attorney.Nothing in this section shall prohibit the prosecuting attorney or circuit attorney from contracting with or utilizing another entity for the collection of restitution and costs under this section.When ordered by the court, interest shall be allowed under subsection 2 of section 408.040.In addition to all other costs and fees allowed by law, each prosecuting attorney or circuit attorney who takes any action to collect restitution shall collect from the person paying restitution an administrative handling cost.The cost shall be twenty-five dollars for restitution of less than one hundred dollars and fifty dollars for restitution of at least one hundred dollars but less than two hundred fifty dollars.For restitution of two hundred fifty dollars or more an additional fee of ten percent of the total restitution shall be assessed, with a maximum fee for administrative handling costs not to exceed seventy-five dollars total.Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 50.525 to 50.745, the costs provided for in this subsection shall be deposited by the county treasurer into a separate interest-bearing fund to be expended by the prosecuting attorney or circuit attorney.This fund shall be known as the "Administrative Handling Cost Fund", and it shall be the fund for deposits under this section and under section 570.120.The funds shall be expended, upon warrants issued by the prosecuting attorney or circuit attorney directing the treasurer to issue checks thereon, only for purposes related to that authorized by subsection 4 of this section.
4.The moneys deposited in the fund may be used by the prosecuting attorney or circuit attorney for office supplies, postage, books, training, office equipment, capital outlay, expenses of trial and witness preparation, additional employees for the staff of the prosecuting or circuit attorney, employees' salaries, and for other lawful expenses incurred by the prosecuting or circuit attorney in the operation of that office.
5.This fund may be audited by the state auditor's office or the appropriate auditing agency.
6.If the moneys collected and deposited into this fund are not totally expended annually, then the unexpended balance shall remain in the fund and the balance shall be kept in the fund to accumulate from year to year.
7.Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a crime victim from pursuing other lawful remedies against a defendant for restitution.
559.600 - Misdemeanor probation may be provided by contract with private entities, not to exclude board of probation and parole — drug testing — travel limits.
1.In cases where the board of probation and parole is not required under section 217.750 to provide probation supervision and rehabilitation services for misdemeanor offenders, the circuit and associate circuit judges in a circuit may contract with one or more private entities or other court-approved entity to provide such services.The court-approved entity, including private or other entities, shall act as a misdemeanor probation office in that circuit and shall, pursuant to the terms of the contract, supervise persons placed on probation by the judges for class A, B, C, and D misdemeanor offenses, specifically including persons placed on probation for violations of section 577.023.Nothing in sections 559.600 to 559.615 shall be construed to prohibit the board of probation and parole, or the court, from supervising misdemeanor offenders in a circuit where the judges have entered into a contract with a probation entity.
2.In all cases, the entity providing such private probation service shall utilize the cutoff concentrations utilized by the department of corrections with regard to drug and alcohol screening for clients assigned to such entity.A drug test is positive if drug presence is at or above the cutoff concentration or negative if no drug is detected or if drug presence is below the cutoff concentration.
3.In all cases, the entity providing such private probation service shall not require the clients assigned to such entity to travel in excess of fifty miles in order to attend their regular probation meetings.
559.241 - Board of probation and parole — personnel.
The board shall appoint a secretary, clerical personnel and probation and parole officers, who shall serve at the pleasure of the board.It shall be the duty of the secretary to keep a full and true record of the proceedings of the board.Under the direction of the board, the secretary shall have general charge of its office, superintend its clerical employees and perform such other duties as the board may prescribe.
559.110 - Bond may be required — forfeiture.
When the defendant is granted probation or parole by the court, the court before or at the time of granting the probation or parole, may in its discretion require the defendant, with one or more sureties, to enter into bond to the state of Missouri in a sum to be fixed by the court, conditioned that he or she will appear in court as directed during the continuance of the probation or parole, and not depart without leave of court.The bond shall be approved by the court or by the clerk at the direction of the court and forfeiture may be taken and prosecuted to final judgment on the bond in the manner as provided by law in cases of bonds taken for appearance of persons awaiting trial upon information or indictment.
559.630 - Definitions.
As used in sections 559.630 to 559.635, the following words and phrases mean:
(1)"Required educational assessment and community treatment program", a program certified by the department of mental health to provide education or rehabilitation services pursuant to a professional assessment screening to identify the individual needs of the person who has been referred to the program as the result of a drug offense;
(2)"Substance abuse specialist", a person who is qualified under the regulations of the department of mental health as a qualified instructor or professional to provide services in an alcohol and drug offender education program.
559.120 - Probation may be granted, when.
The circuit court may place a defendant on probation and require his or her participation in a program established pursuant to section 217.777 if, having regard to the nature and circumstances of the offense and to the history and character of the defendant, the court is of the opinion that:
(1)Traditional institutional confinement of the defendant is not necessary for the protection of the public, given adequate supervision; and
(2)The defendant is in need of guidance, training or other assistance which, in his or her case, can be effectively administered through participation in a community-based treatment program.
559.125 - Record of applications for probation or parole to be kept — information to be privileged — exceptions.
1.The clerk of the court shall keep in a permanent file all applications for probation or parole by the court, and shall keep in such manner as may be prescribed by the court complete and full records of all presentence investigations requested, probations or paroles granted, revoked or terminated and all discharges from probations or paroles.All court orders relating to any presentence investigation requested and probation or parole granted under the provisions of this chapter and sections 558.011 and 558.026 shall be kept in a like manner, and, if the defendant subject to any such order is subject to an investigation or is under the supervision of the state board of probation and parole, a copy of the order shall be sent to the board.In any county where a parole board ceases to exist, the clerk of the court shall preserve the records of that board.
2.Information and data obtained by a probation or parole officer shall be privileged information and shall not be receivable in any court.Such information shall not be disclosed directly or indirectly to anyone other than the members of a parole board and the judge entitled to receive reports, except the court or the board may in its discretion permit the inspection of the report, or parts of such report, by the defendant, or offender or his or her attorney, or other person having a proper interest therein.
3.The provisions of subsection 2 of this section notwithstanding, the presentence investigation report shall be made available to the state and all information and data obtained in connection with preparation of the presentence investigation report may be made available to the state at the discretion of the court upon a showing that the receipt of the information and data is in the best interest of the state.
559.221 - Board of probation and parole — concurrent powers with trial courts.
The board of probation and parole shall have and exercise concurrent powers of probation and parole with the trial courts of the circuit and shall have the same power and authority as that conferred upon the court, or the judge thereof, under the provisions of sections 559.012 to 559.036.
559.321 - Board of paroles — powers.
The board of paroles shall have and exercise the same powers of probation and parole and be subject to the same regulations that trial courts are endowed with and provided for by sections 559.012 to 559.036.
559.021 - Conditions of probation — compensation of victims — free work, public or charitable — defendant not an employee for workers' compensation purposes — payment to county restitution fund, when.
1.The conditions of probation shall be such as the court in its discretion deems reasonably necessary to ensure that the defendant will not again violate the law.When a defendant is placed on probation he or she shall be given a certificate explicitly stating the conditions on which he or she is being released.
2.In addition to such other authority as exists to order conditions of probation, the court may order such conditions as the court believes will serve to compensate the victim, any dependent of the victim, any statutorily created fund for costs incurred as a result of the offender's actions, or society.Such conditions may include restorative justice methods pursuant to section 217.777, or any other method that the court finds just or appropriate including, but not limited to:
(1)Restitution to the victim or any dependent of the victim, or statutorily created fund for costs incurred as a result of the offender's actions in an amount to be determined by the judge;
(2)The performance of a designated amount of free work for a public or charitable purpose, or purposes, as determined by the judge;
(3)Offender treatment programs;
(4)Work release programs in local facilities; and
(5)Community-based residential and nonresidential programs.
3.The defendant may refuse probation conditioned on the performance of free work.If he or she does so, the court shall decide the extent or duration of sentence or other disposition to be imposed and render judgment accordingly.Any county, city, person, organization, or agency, or employee of a county, city, organization or agency charged with the supervision of such free work or who benefits from its performance shall be immune from any suit by the defendant or any person deriving a cause of action from him or her if such cause of action arises from such supervision of performance, except for an intentional tort or gross negligence.The services performed by the defendant shall not be deemed employment within the meaning of the provisions of chapter 288.A defendant performing services pursuant to this section shall not be deemed an employee within the meaning of the provisions of chapter 287.
4.In addition to such other authority as exists to order conditions of probation, in the case of a finding of guilt, the court may order the assessment and payment of a designated amount of restitution to a county law enforcement restitution fund established by the county commission pursuant to section 50.565.Such contribution shall not exceed three hundred dollars for any charged offense.Any restitution moneys deposited into the county law enforcement restitution fund pursuant to this section shall only be expended pursuant to the provisions of section 50.565.
5.A judge may order payment to a restitution fund only if such fund had been created by ordinance or resolution of a county of the state of Missouri prior to sentencing.A judge shall not have any direct supervisory authority or administrative control over any fund to which the judge is ordering a defendant to make payment.
6.A defendant who fails to make a payment to a county law enforcement restitution fund may not have his or her probation revoked solely for failing to make such payment unless the judge, after evidentiary hearing, makes a finding supported by a preponderance of the evidence that the defendant either willfully refused to make the payment or that the defendant willfully, intentionally, and purposefully failed to make sufficient bona fide efforts to acquire the resources to pay.
7.The court may modify or enlarge the conditions of probation at any time prior to the expiration or termination of the probation term.
559.029 - Transfer of supervision.
Any criminal case under probation supervision may be transferred to another judge in the circuit in the manner provided by local circuit rule.
559.331 - Board of paroles — duties — records.
It shall be the duty of the board to keep a record of persons paroled and as far as possible of their whereabouts, occupation and conduct, and a record of the final discharge of such person upon parole, or the revocation of any parole revoked and the reasons therefor.
559.231 - Board of probation and parole — records.
It shall be the duty of said board to keep a record of persons paroled and, as far as possible, of their whereabouts, occupation and conduct, and a record of the final discharge of such persons upon parole, or the revocation of any parole and the reasons therefor.
559.635 - Correctional substance abuse earnings fund, use, rules.
1.There is hereby created in the state treasury a fund to be known as the "Correctional Substance Abuse Earnings Fund".The state treasurer shall credit to the fund any interest earned from investing the moneys in the fund.Notwithstanding the provisions of section 33.080, money in the correctional substance abuse earnings fund shall not be transferred and placed to the credit of general revenue at the end of the biennium.
2.Fees received pursuant to the required educational assessment and community treatment program shall be deposited in the correctional substance abuse earnings fund.The moneys received from such fees shall be appropriated solely for assistance in securing alcohol and drug rehabilitation services.
3.The department of corrections and the department of mental health shall promulgate rules and regulations to implement and administer the provisions of this section.No rule or portion of a rule promulgated pursuant to the authority of this section shall become effective unless it has been promulgated pursuant to the provisions of chapter 536.
559.031 - Transfer to another court.
Jurisdiction over a probationer may be transferred from the court which imposed probation to a court having equal jurisdiction over offenders in any other part of the state, with the concurrence of both courts.Retransfers of jurisdiction may also occur in the same manner.The court to which jurisdiction has been transferred under this section* shall be authorized to exercise all powers permissible under this chapter over the defendant, except that the term of probation shall not be terminated without the consent of the sentencing court.
559.115 - Appeals, probation not to be granted, when — probation granted after delivery to department of corrections, time limitation, assessment — one hundred twenty day program — notification to state, when, hearing — no probation in certain cases.
1.Neither probation nor parole shall be granted by the circuit court between the time the transcript on appeal from the offender's conviction has been filed in appellate court and the disposition of the appeal by such court.
2.Unless otherwise prohibited by subsection 8 of this section, a circuit court only upon its own motion and not that of the state or the offender shall have the power to grant probation to an offender anytime up to one hundred twenty days after such offender has been delivered to the department of corrections but not thereafter.The court may request information and a recommendation from the department concerning the offender and such offender's behavior during the period of incarceration.Except as provided in this section, the court may place the offender on probation in a program created pursuant to section 217.777, or may place the offender on probation with any other conditions authorized by law.
3.The court may recommend placement of an offender in a department of corrections one hundred twenty-day program under this subsection or order such placement under subsection 4 of section 559.036.Upon the recommendation or order of the court, the department of corrections shall assess each offender to determine the appropriate one hundred twenty-day program in which to place the offender, which may include placement in the shock incarceration program or institutional treatment program.When the court recommends and receives placement of an offender in a department of corrections one hundred twenty-day program, the offender shall be released on probation if the department of corrections determines that the offender has successfully completed the program except as follows.Upon successful completion of a program under this subsection, the board of probation and parole shall advise the sentencing court of an offender's probationary release date thirty days prior to release.The court shall follow the recommendation of the department unless the court determines that probation is not appropriate.If the court determines that probation is not appropriate, the court may order the execution of the offender's sentence only after conducting a hearing on the matter within ninety to one hundred twenty days from the date the offender was delivered to the department of corrections.If the department determines the offender has not successfully completed a one hundred twenty-day program under this subsection, the offender shall be removed from the program and the court shall be advised of the removal.The department shall report on the offender's participation in the program and may provide recommendations for terms and conditions of an offender's probation.The court shall then have the power to grant probation or order the execution of the offender's sentence.
4.If the court is advised that an offender is not eligible for placement in a one hundred twenty-day program under subsection 3 of this section, the court shall consider other authorized dispositions.If the department of corrections one hundred twenty-day program under subsection 3 of this section is full, the court may place the offender in a private program approved by the department of corrections or the court, the expenses of such program to be paid by the offender, or in an available program offered by another organization.If the offender is convicted of a class C, class D, or class E nonviolent felony, the court may order probation while awaiting appointment to treatment.
5.Except when the offender has been found to be a predatory sexual offender pursuant to section 566.125, the court shall request the department of corrections to conduct a sexual offender assessment if the defendant has been found guilty of sexual abuse when classified as a class B felony.Upon completion of the assessment, the department shall provide to the court a report on the offender and may provide recommendations for terms and conditions of an offender's probation.The assessment shall not be considered a one hundred twenty-day program as provided under subsection 3 of this section.The process for granting probation to an offender who has completed the assessment shall be as provided under subsections 2 and 6 of this section.
6.Unless the offender is being granted probation pursuant to successful completion of a one hundred twenty-day program the circuit court shall notify the state in writing when the court intends to grant probation to the offender pursuant to the provisions of this section.The state may, in writing, request a hearing within ten days of receipt of the court's notification that the court intends to grant probation.Upon the state's request for a hearing, the court shall grant a hearing as soon as reasonably possible.If the state does not respond to the court's notice in writing within ten days, the court may proceed upon its own motion to grant probation.
7.An offender's first incarceration under this section prior to release on probation shall not be considered a previous prison commitment for the purpose of determining a minimum prison term under the provisions of section 558.019.
8.Notwithstanding any other provision of law, probation may not be granted pursuant to this section to offenders who have been convicted of murder in the second degree pursuant to section 565.021; forcible rape pursuant to section 566.030 as it existed prior to August 28, 2013; rape in the first degree under section 566.030; forcible sodomy pursuant to section 566.060 as it existed prior to August 28, 2013; sodomy in the first degree under section 566.060; statutory rape in the first degree pursuant to section 566.032; statutory sodomy in the first degree pursuant to section 566.062; child molestation in the first degree pursuant to section 566.067 when classified as a class A felony; abuse of a child pursuant to section 568.060 when classified as a class A felony; or an offender who has been found to be a predatory sexual offender pursuant to section 566.125; or any offense in which there exists a statutory prohibition against either probation or parole.
559.311 - Board of paroles — rules and regulations — meetings — members.
The board shall have power to make all needed rules and regulations concerning terms and conditions of parole and applications for parole as herein provided, but no formal or technical form of application therefor shall be required.The board so constituted shall hold regular meetings at least once in each week and more often if they shall deem it necessary, and all records, hearings and proceedings of the board shall be public and open to the inspection of the public.Whenever either of the members of the board of parole from any cause shall be unable to be present at any meeting or meetings of the board the attorneys of the court who are present but not less in number than five may elect one of its members then in attendance having the qualifications of a circuit judge to act as a temporary member of the board in the place of the member who is absent and the attorney together with the regular member of the board who is present shall have power to hear and determine all applications for parole.
559.211 - Board of probation and parole — powers.
The board may make all needed rules and regulations concerning terms and conditions of probation and parole not inconsistent with the provisions of sections 559.012 to 559.036.No formal or technical form of application for probation or parole shall be required.The time, place and manner of its meetings shall be determined and regulated by a majority of the board of probation and parole.
559.615 - Nepotism or financial interest by judges or certain other elected county officials, in private entities, prohibited.
No judge, nor any person related within the third degree of consanguinity or affinity to a judge or any other county elected official with direct court supervision responsibilities, may have a material financial interest in any private entity which contracts to provide probation supervision or rehabilitation services pursuant to sections 559.600 to 559.615.
559.105 - Restitution may be ordered, when — limitation on release from probation — amount of restitution.
1.Any person who has been found guilty of or has pled guilty to an offense may be ordered by the court to make restitution to the victim for the victim's losses due to such offense.Restitution pursuant to this section shall include, but not be limited to a victim's reasonable expenses to participate in the prosecution of the crime.
2.No person ordered by the court to pay restitution pursuant to this section shall be released from probation until such restitution is complete.If full restitution is not made within the original term of probation, the court shall order the maximum term of probation allowed for such offense.
3.Any person eligible to be released on parole shall be required, as a condition of parole, to make restitution pursuant to this section.The board of probation and parole shall not release any person from any term of parole for such offense until the person has completed such restitution, or until the maximum term of parole for such offense has been served.
4.The court may set an amount of restitution to be paid by the defendant.Said amount may be taken from the inmate's account at the department of corrections while the defendant is incarcerated.Upon conditional release or parole, if any amount of such court-ordered restitution is unpaid, the payment of the unpaid balance may be collected as a condition of conditional release or parole by the prosecuting attorney or circuit attorney under section 559.100.The prosecuting attorney or circuit attorney may refer any failure to make such restitution as a condition of conditional release or parole to the parole board for enforcement.
559.201 - Board of probation and parole created, 6th, 7th and 16th circuits — powers.
1.In each judicial circuit in this state composed of a single county wherein there is located a city having not less than four hundred thousand inhabitants and not more than seven hundred thousand inhabitants, a board of probation and parole is created to be composed of the several circuit judges of the judicial circuit.
2.The circuit judges of the circuit shall by majority vote select one of their number as chairman of the board of probation and parole.The chairman and any two or more of the circuit judges may grant, revoke, alter or terminate probation and paroles as provided for by law in sections 559.012 to 559.036.
559.301 - Board of paroles created, certain circuits — powers.
There is hereby created, in each judicial circuit of this state composed of a single county of the second class, a board of paroles, to be known as such, and consisting of the circuit judges of the circuit court of the county so composing such judicial circuit.The circuit judge of that division of the circuit court to which has been assigned, for the time being, the duty of trying criminal cases, shall be ex officio chairman, and the clerk of the circuit court shall be ex officio clerk of said board of paroles.Such board of paroles is hereby empowered and authorized to consider, grant, revoke, alter, or terminate paroles and to exercise all the powers herein granted and such other powers as may be provided by law.
559.609 - Qualifications and factors considered by judges in approving private entities to serve as probation offices.
The associate circuit or municipal judges approving the private entity to function as a probation office shall base their decision on factors such as length of time in the probation field, experience in supervising various types of offenders, the financial ability to operate a probation office in the jurisdiction, and other factors as the judges deem necessary and relevant.
559.117 - Mental health assessment pilot program — offenders eligible — report to sentencing court — no probation, when — report to governor and general assembly.
1.The director of the department of corrections is authorized to establish, as a three-year pilot program, a mental health assessment process.
2.Only upon a motion filed by the prosecutor in a criminal case, the judge who is hearing the criminal case in a participating county may request that an offender be placed in the department of corrections for one hundred twenty days for a mental health assessment and for treatment if it appears that the offender has a mental disorder or mental illness such that the offender may qualify for probation including community psychiatric rehabilitation (CPR) programs and such probation is appropriate and not inconsistent with public safety.Before the judge rules upon the motion, the victim shall be given notice of such motion and the opportunity to be heard.Upon recommendation of the court, the department shall determine the offender's eligibility for the mental health assessment process.
3.Following this assessment and treatment period, an assessment report shall be sent to the sentencing court and the sentencing court may, if appropriate, release the offender on probation.The offender shall be supervised on probation by a state probation and parole officer, who shall work cooperatively with the department of mental health to enroll eligible offenders in community psychiatric rehabilitation (CPR) programs.
4.Notwithstanding any other provision of law, probation shall not be granted under this section to offenders who:
(1)Have been found guilty of, or plead guilty to, murder in the second degree under section 565.021;
(2)Have been found guilty of, or plead guilty to, rape in the first degree under section 566.030 or forcible rape under section 566.030 as it existed prior to August 28, 2013;
(3)Have been found guilty of, or plead guilty to, statutory rape in the first degree under section 566.032;
(4)Have been found guilty of, or plead guilty to, sodomy in the first degree under section 566.060 or forcible sodomy under section 566.060 as it existed prior to August 28, 2013;
(5)Have been found guilty of, or plead guilty to, statutory sodomy in the first degree under section 566.062;
(6)Have been found guilty of, or plead guilty to, child molestation in the first degree under section 566.067 when classified as a class A felony;
(7)Have been found to be a predatory sexual offender under section 566.125*; or
(8)Have been found guilty of, or plead guilty to, any offense for which there exists a statutory prohibition against either probation or parole.
5.At the end of the three-year pilot, the director of the department of corrections and the director of the department of mental health shall jointly submit recommendations to the governor and to the general assembly by December 31, 2015, on whether to expand the process statewide.
559.607 - Municipal ordinance violations, probation may be contracted for by municipal courts, procedure — cost to be paid by offenders, exceptions.
1.Judges of the municipal division in any circuit, acting through a chief or presiding judge, either may contract with a private or public entity or may employ any qualified person to serve as the city's probation officer to provide probation and rehabilitation services for persons placed on probation for violation of any ordinance of the city, specifically including the offense of operating or being in physical control of a motor vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or narcotic drugs.The contracting city shall not be required to pay for any part of the cost of probation and rehabilitation services authorized under sections 559.600 to 559.615.Persons found guilty or pleading guilty to ordinance violations and placed on probation by municipal or city court judges shall contribute a service fee to the court in the amount set forth in section 559.604 to pay the cost of their probation supervision provided by a probation officer employed by the court or by a contract probation officer as provided for in section 559.604.
2.When approved by municipal court judges in the municipal division, the application, judicial order of approval, and the contract shall be forwarded to and filed with the board of probation and parole.The court-approved private or public entity or probation officer employed by the court shall then function as the probation office for the city, pursuant to the terms of the contract or conditions of employment and the terms of probation ordered by the judge.Any city in this state which presently does not have probation services available for persons convicted of its ordinance violations, or that contracts out those services with a private entity, may, under the procedures authorized in sections 559.600 to 559.615, contract with and continue to contract with a private entity or employ any qualified person and contract with the municipal division to provide such probation supervision and rehabilitation services.
559.107 - Notification of monitoring to highway patrol — information entered into MULES and sexual offender registry.
1.The department of corrections shall notify the highway patrol of any offender who is required as a mandatory condition of lifetime supervision to be electronically monitored, under section 217.735 and section 559.106, and shall notify the highway patrol when the supervision of the offender has been terminated in appropriate cases as determined by a risk assessment when the offender is sixty-five years of age or older.
2.The highway patrol shall enter the electronic monitoring of the offender into the Missouri law enforcement system (MULES) and sexual offender registry where it is available to members of the criminal justice system, and other entities as provided by law, upon inquiry.
559.633 - Court to order participation in program, when — fees determined by department of corrections — supplemental fee to be deposited in correctional substance abuse earnings fund.
1.Upon a finding of guilt for a felony offense pursuant to chapter 195 or 579, except for those offenses in which there exists a statutory prohibition against either probation or parole, when placing the person on probation, the court shall order the person to begin a required educational assessment and community treatment program within the first sixty days of probation as a condition of probation.Persons who are placed on probation after a period of incarceration pursuant to section 559.115 may not be required to participate in a required educational assessment and community treatment program.
2.The fees for the required educational assessment and community treatment program, or a portion of such fees, to be determined by the department of corrections, shall be paid by the person receiving the assessment.Any person who is assessed shall pay, in addition to any fee charged for the assessment, a supplemental fee of sixty dollars.The administrator of the program shall remit to the department of corrections the supplemental fees for all persons assessed, less two percent for administrative costs.The supplemental fees received by the department of corrections pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the correctional substance abuse earnings fund created pursuant to section 559.635.
559.036 - Duration of probation — revocation.
1.A term of probation commences on the day it is imposed. Multiple terms of Missouri probation, whether imposed at the same time or at different times, shall run concurrently.Terms of probation shall also run concurrently with any federal or other state jail, prison, probation or parole term for another offense to which the defendant is or becomes subject during the period, unless otherwise specified by the Missouri court.
2.The court may terminate a period of probation and discharge the defendant at any time before completion of the specific term fixed under section 559.016 if warranted by the conduct of the defendant and the ends of justice.The court may extend the term of the probation, but no more than one extension of any probation may be ordered except that the court may extend the term of probation by one additional year by order of the court if the defendant admits he or she has violated the conditions of probation or is found by the court to have violated the conditions of his or her probation.Total time on any probation term, including any extension shall not exceed the maximum term established in section 559.016.Procedures for termination, discharge and extension may be established by rule of court.
3.If the defendant violates a condition of probation at any time prior to the expiration or termination of the probation term, the court may continue him or her on the existing conditions, with or without modifying or enlarging the conditions or extending the term.
4.(1)Unless the defendant consents to the revocation of probation, if a continuation, modification, enlargement or extension is not appropriate under this section, the court shall order placement of the offender in one of the department of corrections' one hundred twenty-day programs so long as:
(a)The underlying offense for the probation is a class D or E felony or an offense listed in chapter 579 or an offense previously listed in chapter 195; except that, the court may, upon its own motion or a motion of the prosecuting or circuit attorney, make a finding that an offender is not eligible if the underlying offense is involuntary manslaughter in the second degree, stalking in the first degree, assault in the second degree, sexual assault, rape in the second degree, domestic assault in the second degree, assault in the third degree when the victim is a special victim, statutory rape in the second degree, statutory sodomy in the second degree, deviate sexual assault, sodomy in the second degree, sexual misconduct involving a child, incest, endangering the welfare of a child in the first degree under subdivision (1) or (2) of subsection 1 of section 568.045, abuse of a child, invasion of privacy, any case in which the defendant is found guilty of a felony offense under chapter 571, or an offense of aggravated stalking or assault of a law enforcement officer in the second degree as such offenses existed prior to January 1, 2017;
(b)The probation violation is not the result of the defendant being an absconder or being found guilty of, pleading guilty to, or being arrested on suspicion of any felony, misdemeanor, or infraction.For purposes of this subsection, "absconder" shall mean an offender under supervision who has left such offender's place of residency without the permission of the offender's supervising officer for the purpose of avoiding supervision;
(c)The defendant has not violated any conditions of probation involving the possession or use of weapons, or a stay-away condition prohibiting the defendant from contacting a certain individual; and
(d)The defendant has not already been placed in one of the programs by the court for the same underlying offense or during the same probation term.
(2)Upon receiving the order, the department of corrections shall conduct an assessment of the offender and place such offender in the appropriate one hundred twenty-day program under subsection 3 of section 559.115.
(3)Notwithstanding any of the provisions of subsection 3 of section 559.115 to the contrary, once the defendant has successfully completed the program under this subsection, the court shall release the defendant to continue to serve the term of probation, which shall not be modified, enlarged, or extended based on the same incident of violation.Time served in the program shall be credited as time served on any sentence imposed for the underlying offense.
5.If the defendant consents to the revocation of probation or if the defendant is not eligible under subsection 4 of this section for placement in a program and a continuation, modification, enlargement, or extension of the term under this section is not appropriate, the court may revoke probation and order that any sentence previously imposed be executed.If imposition of sentence was suspended, the court may revoke probation and impose any sentence available under section 557.011.The court may mitigate any sentence of imprisonment by reducing the prison or jail term by all or part of the time the defendant was on probation.The court may, upon revocation of probation, place an offender on a second term of probation.Such probation shall be for a term of probation as provided by section 559.016, notwithstanding any amount of time served by the offender on the first term of probation.
6.Probation shall not be revoked without giving the probationer notice and an opportunity to be heard on the issues of whether such probationer violated a condition of probation and, if a condition was violated, whether revocation is warranted under all the circumstances.Not less than five business days prior to the date set for a hearing on the violation, except for a good cause shown, the judge shall inform the probationer that he or she may have the right to request the appointment of counsel if the probationer is unable to retain counsel.If the probationer requests counsel, the judge shall determine whether counsel is necessary to protect the probationer's due process rights.If the judge determines that counsel is not necessary, the judge shall state the grounds for the decision in the record.
7.The prosecuting or circuit attorney may file a motion to revoke probation or at any time during the term of probation, the court may issue a notice to the probationer to appear to answer a charge of a violation, and the court may issue a warrant of arrest for the violation.Such notice shall be personally served upon the probationer.The warrant shall authorize the return of the probationer to the custody of the court or to any suitable detention facility designated by the court.Upon the filing of the prosecutor's or circuit attorney's motion or on the court's own motion, the court may immediately enter an order suspending the period of probation and may order a warrant for the defendant's arrest.The probation shall remain suspended until the court rules on the prosecutor's or circuit attorney's motion, or until the court otherwise orders the probation reinstated.
8.The power of the court to revoke probation shall extend for the duration of the term of probation designated by the court and for any further period which is reasonably necessary for the adjudication of matters arising before its expiration, provided that some affirmative manifestation of an intent to conduct a revocation hearing occurs prior to the expiration of the period and that every reasonable effort is made to notify the probationer and to conduct the hearing prior to the expiration of the period.
9.A defendant who was sentenced prior to January 1, 2017 to an offense that was eligible at the time of sentencing under paragraph (a) of subdivision (1) of subsection 4 of this section for the court ordered detention sanction shall continue to remain eligible for the sanction so long as the defendant meets all the other requirements provided under subsection 4 of this section.
559.026 - Detention condition of probation.
Except in infraction cases, when probation is granted, the court, in addition to conditions imposed pursuant to section 559.021, may require as a condition of probation that the offender submit to a period of detention up to forty-eight hours after the determination by a probation or parole officer that the offender violated a condition of continued probation or parole in an appropriate institution at whatever time or intervals within the period of probation, consecutive or nonconsecutive, the court shall designate, or the board of probation and parole shall direct.Any person placed on probation in a county of the first class or second class or in any city with a population of five hundred thousand or more and detained as herein provided shall be subject to all provisions of section 221.170, even though he was not convicted and sentenced to a jail or workhouse.
(1)In misdemeanor cases, the period of detention under this section shall not exceed the shorter of thirty days or the maximum term of imprisonment authorized for the misdemeanor by chapter 558.
(2)In felony cases, the period of detention under this section shall not exceed one hundred twenty days.
(3)If probation is revoked and a term of imprisonment is served by reason thereof, the time spent in a jail, half-way house, honor center, workhouse or other institution as a detention condition of probation shall be credited against the prison or jail term served for the offense in connection with which the detention condition was imposed.
559.602 - Private entities to make application to circuit court to provide misdemeanor probation — contract content — procedure — withdrawal of board, when.
A private entity seeking to provide probation supervision and rehabilitation services to misdemeanor offenders shall make timely written application to the judges in a circuit.When approved by the judges of a circuit, the application, the judicial order of approval and the contract shall be forwarded to the board of probation and parole.The contract shall contain the responsibilities of the private entity, including the offenses for which persons will be supervised.The board may then withdraw supervision of misdemeanor offenders which are to be supervised by the court-approved private entity in that circuit.
559.106 - Lifetime supervision of certain sexual offenders — electronic monitoring — termination at age sixty-five permitted, when.
1.Notwithstanding any statutory provision to the contrary, when a court grants probation to an offender who has been found guilty of an offense in:
(1)Section 566.030, 566.032, 566.060, 566.062, 566.067, 566.083, 566.100, 566.151, 566.212*, 566.213*, 568.020, 568.080*, or 568.090*, based on an act committed on or after August 28, 2006; or
(2)Section 566.068, 566.069, 566.210, 566.211, 573.200, or 573.205 based on an act committed on or after January 1, 2017, against a victim who was less than fourteen years of age and the offender is a prior sex offender as defined in subsection 2 of this section;
the court shall order that the offender be supervised by the board of probation and parole for the duration of his or her natural life.
2.For the purpose of this section, a prior sex offender is a person who has previously been found guilty of an offense contained in chapter 566, or violating section 568.020, when the person had sexual intercourse or deviate sexual intercourse with the victim, or of violating subdivision (2) of subsection 1 of section 568.045.
3.When probation for the duration of the offender's natural life has been ordered, a mandatory condition of such probation is that the offender be electronically monitored.Electronic monitoring shall be based on a global positioning system or other technology that identifies and records the offender's location at all times.
4.In appropriate cases as determined by a risk assessment, the court may terminate the probation of an offender who is being supervised under this section when the offender is sixty-five years of age or older.
559.612 - Bids to be made by private entities — minimum duration for contracts — termination for cause prior to expiration permitted.
Judges shall solicit applications and proposals in accordance with provisions of chapter 34 on bids and requests for proposals.The minimum length of any probation services contract entered into by either associate circuit or municipal judges shall be three years.However, the judges shall have the right to terminate the contract for cause prior to its expiration date.
559.016 - Terms of probation — extension.
1.Unless terminated as provided in section 559.036 or modified under section 217.703, the terms during which each probation shall remain conditional and be subject to revocation are:
(1)A term of years not less than one year and not to exceed five years for a felony;
(2)A term not less than six months and not to exceed two years for a misdemeanor;
(3)A term not less than six months and not to exceed one year for an infraction.
2.The court shall designate a specific term of probation at the time of sentencing or at the time of suspension of imposition of sentence.Such term may be modified by the division of probation and parole under section 217.703.
3.The court may extend a period of probation, however, no more than one extension of any probation may be ordered except that the court may extend the total time on probation by one additional year by order of the court if the defendant admits he or she has violated the conditions of his or her probation or is found by the court to have violated the conditions of his or her probation.Total time on any probation term, including any extension, shall not exceed the maximum term as established in subsection 1 of this section plus one additional year if the defendant admits or the court finds that the defendant has violated the conditions of his or her probation.
559.012 - Eligible for probation, when.
The court may place a person on probation for a specific period upon conviction of any offense or upon suspending imposition of sentence if, having regard to the nature and circumstances of the offense and to the history and character of the defendant, the court is of the opinion that:
(1)Institutional confinement of the defendant is not necessary for the protection of the public; and
(2)The defendant is in need of guidance, training or other assistance which, in his or her case, can be effectively administered through probation supervision.